Susukshma, Susūkṣma, Susūkṣmā, Su-sukshma: 5 definitions


Susukshma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Susūkṣma and Susūkṣmā can be transliterated into English as Susuksma or Susukshma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Susukshma in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Susūkṣmā (सुसूक्ष्मा) refers to “she who is very subtle”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Mālinī) is endless, supreme, subtle, omnipresent and both supreme (transcendent) and inferior (immanent). The supreme energy (kalā), she is the goddess who is consciousness present in the End of the Twelve. She is the subtle energy (kalā) and, very subtle [i.e., susūkṣmā], she flows forth as the supreme (life-giving) nectar. Her form is (wonderfully diverse) like a peacock's tail and she resides in the Adamantine Wheel (vajracakra). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Susukshma in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Susūkṣma (सुसूक्ष्म) or Susūkṣma refers to “invisible”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Maṇi Ketu is a comet which appears for only 3 hours occasionally; it possesses an invisible disc [i.e., susūkṣma-tāra] and appears in the west; its tail is straight and white and it resembles a line of milk drawn from a human breast. There will be happiness in the land from the very time of its appearance for four and a half months; reptiles and venomous creatures will come into existence”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Susukshma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susūkṣma (सुसूक्ष्म).—adj. very small, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 42.

Susūkṣma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and sūkṣma (सूक्ष्म).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Susūkṣma (सुसूक्ष्म):—[=su-sūkṣma] [from su > su-saṃyata] mf(ā)n. very minute or small or delicate, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] very subtle or keen (as understanding), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] very difficult to be fathomed or understood, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. or n. (?) an atom, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Susukshma in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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