Snayu, Snāyu: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Snayu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Snāyu is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "nerves".

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Snāyu (स्नायु) is a Sanskrit terchnical term referring to “sinews” (any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body) and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Snāyu (स्नायु):—Tendon

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Prem Pahlajrai: Pañcadaśī Chapter 7: Tṛptidīpa Prakaraṇam

Snāyu (स्नायु) refers to the “nerves”, according to the Pañcadaśī verse 7.140-141.—Accordingly: “What is there attractive in the cage‐like body, ever restless like a machine, of a woman who is but a doll made of flesh and consisting of nerves, bones and joints [i.e., snāyu-asthi-granthi]? Such are the defects of worldly pleasures, elaborately pointed out by the scriptures. No wise man, aware of these defects, will allow himself to be drowned in afflictions caused by them. [...]”.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Snāyu (स्नायु) refers to “tendons”, according to the Devīpañcaśatikā verse 2.74-79.—Accordingly: “One should draw the supreme goddess there. She is Śuṣkā and, auspicious, her face is emaciated. She has two arms and one face. She has no flesh and no blood (runs through her veins). (Made of just) tendons and bones, her body is thin [i.e., snāyu-asthi-kṛśa-vāpuṣī] and she likes (to eat) human entrails and the like constantly. She is seated on Rudra’s severed head and her feet are placed on two (others). On the left is Viṣṇu’s head and on the right that of Indra and her legs are bent. She is the first (of all the deities) and fills (and nourishes all things). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Snāyu (स्नायु, “tendons”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., snāyu]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

2) Snāyu (स्नायु) refers to “tendons”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are two kinds of Pretas: lecherous Pretas and emaciated Pretas (kṣutkṣāma). The lecherous Pretas enjoy happiness like the gods but they live with the starving Pretas of whom they are the leaders. The starving Pretas have an enormous belly (sthūlodara) like a mountain, a mouth like the eye of a needle (sūcimukha) and consist of three things: a black skin (kṛṣṇatvac), tendons (snāyu) and bones (asthi). For innumerable hundreds of years, they have not even heard the words “food and drink” (annapāna), still less have they seen their shapes.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Snāyu (स्नायु) or “tendons” is associated with Vīramatī and Surāvairiṇa, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Vīramatī and Surāvairiṇa:

Circle: kāyacakra (mind-wheel) (blue);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Vīramatī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Surāvairiṇa;
Bīja: goṃ;
Body-part: left ear;
Pīṭha: Godāvarī;
Bodily constituent: snāyu tendons);
Bodhipakṣha (wings of enlightenment): śraddhendriya (faculty of conviction).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m S A tendon or sinew: also a muscle. snāyu is described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and as carrying vital air.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m A tendon or sinew; a muscle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—[snāti śudhyati doṣo'nayā snā-uṇ Tv.]

1) A tendon, muscle, sinew; स्वल्पं स्नायुवसावशेषमलिनं निर्मांसमप्यस्थि गोः (svalpaṃ snāyuvasāvaśeṣamalinaṃ nirmāṃsamapyasthi goḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.3.

2) The string of a bow.

3) An eruption on the skin of the extremities; also; स्नायुक (snāyuka).

Derivable forms: snāyuḥ (स्नायुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—f.

(-yuḥ) 1. A tendon, a muscle, described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and carrying vital air. 2. The string of a bow. E. ṣṇā to bathe, uṇ Unadi aff., and yuk augment; also with kan added, snāyuka; or snāti-śudhyati doṣo'nayā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).— (probably a form of snāva, for snāu), f. 1. A tendon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 234; [Pañcatantra] 182, 17; a muscle, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 23. 2. The string of a bow, [Pañcatantra] 121, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—[feminine] [neuter] sinew, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Snāyu (स्नायु):—fn. ([according to] to some [from] a √snā contracted from sinā [present tense] base of √si, ‘to bind’; cf. also √snai) any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body, tendon, muscle, nerve, vein, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) the string of a bow, [Pañcatantra]

3) m. an eruption on the skin of yhe extremities, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [?cf. [German] sënawa, Sehne; [English] sinew.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु):—(yuḥ) 2. f. A tendon or muscle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Snāyu (स्नायु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇahāru, Ṇhāru, Siṇāu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Snayu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु):—(nm) nerves, sinews, ligament; —[viṣayaka/saṃbaṃdhī] see [snāyavika].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Snāyu (ಸ್ನಾಯು):—

1) [noun] a tissue composed of cells or fibers that can be contracted and expanded to produce bodily movements; a muscle.

2) [noun] the string of a bow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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