Snayu, Snāyu: 10 definitions

Introduction

Snayu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Snāyu (स्नायु) is a Sanskrit terchnical term referring to “sinews” (any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body) and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Snāyu is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "nerves".

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Snāyu (स्नायु, “tendons”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., snāyu]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m S A tendon or sinew: also a muscle. snāyu is described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and as carrying vital air.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m A tendon or sinew; a muscle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—[snāti śudhyati doṣo'nayā snā-uṇ Tv.]

1) A tendon, muscle, sinew; स्वल्पं स्नायुवसावशेषमलिनं निर्मांसमप्यस्थि गोः (svalpaṃ snāyuvasāvaśeṣamalinaṃ nirmāṃsamapyasthi goḥ) Bh.2.3.

2) The string of a bow.

3) An eruption on the skin of the extremities; also; स्नायुक (snāyuka).

Derivable forms: snāyuḥ (स्नायुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—f.

(-yuḥ) 1. A tendon, a muscle, described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and carrying vital air. 2. The string of a bow. E. ṣṇā to bathe, uṇ Unadi aff., and yuk augment; also with kan added, snāyuka; or snāti-śudhyati doṣo'nayā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Snāyu (स्नायु):—fn. ([according to] to some [from] a √snā contracted from sinā [present tense] base of √si, ‘to bind’; cf. also √snai) any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body, tendon, muscle, nerve, vein, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) the string of a bow, [Pañcatantra]

3) m. an eruption on the skin of yhe extremities, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [?cf. [German] sënawa, Sehne; [English] sinew.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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