Snayu, Snāyu: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Snayu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Snāyu (स्नायु) is a Sanskrit terchnical term referring to “sinews” (any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body) and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Snāyu (स्नायु):—Tendon

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Snāyu is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "nerves".

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Snāyu (स्नायु, “tendons”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., snāyu]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

2) Snāyu (स्नायु) refers to “tendons”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are two kinds of Pretas: lecherous Pretas and emaciated Pretas (kṣutkṣāma). The lecherous Pretas enjoy happiness like the gods but they live with the starving Pretas of whom they are the leaders. The starving Pretas have an enormous belly (sthūlodara) like a mountain, a mouth like the eye of a needle (sūcimukha) and consist of three things: a black skin (kṛṣṇatvac), tendons (snāyu) and bones (asthi). For innumerable hundreds of years, they have not even heard the words “food and drink” (annapāna), still less have they seen their shapes.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m S A tendon or sinew: also a muscle. snāyu is described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and as carrying vital air.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snāyu (स्नायु).—n m A tendon or sinew; a muscle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—[snāti śudhyati doṣo'nayā snā-uṇ Tv.]

1) A tendon, muscle, sinew; स्वल्पं स्नायुवसावशेषमलिनं निर्मांसमप्यस्थि गोः (svalpaṃ snāyuvasāvaśeṣamalinaṃ nirmāṃsamapyasthi goḥ) Bh.2.3.

2) The string of a bow.

3) An eruption on the skin of the extremities; also; स्नायुक (snāyuka).

Derivable forms: snāyuḥ (स्नायुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—f.

(-yuḥ) 1. A tendon, a muscle, described as a tubular vessel attached to the bones at either end, and carrying vital air. 2. The string of a bow. E. ṣṇā to bathe, uṇ Unadi aff., and yuk augment; also with kan added, snāyuka; or snāti-śudhyati doṣo'nayā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).— (probably a form of snāva, for snāu), f. 1. A tendon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 234; [Pañcatantra] 182, 17; a muscle, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 23. 2. The string of a bow, [Pañcatantra] 121, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु).—[feminine] [neuter] sinew, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Snāyu (स्नायु):—fn. ([according to] to some [from] a √snā contracted from sinā [present tense] base of √si, ‘to bind’; cf. also √snai) any sinew or ligament in the human and animal body, tendon, muscle, nerve, vein, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) the string of a bow, [Pañcatantra]

3) m. an eruption on the skin of yhe extremities, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [?cf. [German] sënawa, Sehne; [English] sinew.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु):—(yuḥ) 2. f. A tendon or muscle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Snāyu (स्नायु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇahāru, Ṇhāru, Siṇāu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Snayu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Snāyu (स्नायु):—(nm) nerves, sinews, ligament; —[viṣayaka/saṃbaṃdhī] see [snāyavika].

context information

...

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Snāyu (ಸ್ನಾಯು):—

1) [noun] a tissue composed of cells or fibers that can be contracted and expanded to produce bodily movements; a muscle.

2) [noun] the string of a bow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of snayu in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: