Jvara, Jvarā: 26 definitions


Jvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jwar.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever”, mentioned in verse 4.18 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever [viz., jvara] as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle, an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

According to verse 20-22:—“from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow, pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever [viz., jvara], throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles, gravel, and impotence. Cock, arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 382 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (288) dosage form in the management of Jvara. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever” (considered as strongest among all diseases), and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 1) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning jvara) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever”, and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—Jvara (fever) related yogas are described first as seen in other old texts like Ćaraka Saṃhitā. The author has described treatment related with all eight branches of Āyurveda in this book but mainly focuses on Kāyacikitsā. A total of 104 different diseases are described in this book. First chapter is related with Kāyacikitsā. Nine decoctions are described for Jvara. [...]

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jvara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to “fever” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., jvara) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jvara (ज्वर).—(Jvaram) (Fever). General information. A fearful being. It is stated in the Purāṇas that living beings catch fever owing to the activities of this monster. (See full article at Story of Jvara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to the “hundred fevers” produced from the furious breath of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.32. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] From the furious breath of Śiva, the great Rudra, hundred fevers (jvara) and thirteen humours came out. The ruthless fevers had embodied forms. They were capable of terrifying the world. They were blazing with their fiery splendour”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jvara (ज्वर).—The effulgence of Maheśvara, as divided among created beings.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 298-305.

1b) One of the 11 Rudras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.

1c) 2 different kinds of, Vaiṣṇava, Māheśvara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 14-18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Jvara (ज्वर, “fever”) refers to one of the worldly ailments, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. Among these maladies she lists [e.g, fever (jvara)], [...]. Śiva responds that no one has ever before asked such a question and therefore he has never before revealed the answer. He emphasizes the importance of the mṛtyuñjaya-mantra and the Netra-tantra’s tripartite approaches of mantra, yoga, and jñāna (knowledge).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Jvara (fever) is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Jvara (ज्वर) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jvara).

2) Jvarā (ज्वरा) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Jvara (ज्वर) refers to one of the warriors in Rāvaṇa’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] From anger at the killing of Hasta and Prahasta, [Jvara, ...] and others in Daśānana’s army advanced. [...] Nandana killed the Rākṣasa Jvara. [...] Then the soldiers of Rāma and Rāvaṇa returned, purifying their own men, killed and unkilled”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jvara (ज्वर).—m (S) Fever. Upon the following words both the variety of general apprehension and the disagreement amongst physicians are so great that it has been judged advisable to insert them here, and to explain them together. Of aikāhikajvara the acceptations are 1st, Fever returning daily, quotidian; 2nd, Fever having alternate increase and remission, remittent: of dvayāhika jvara-1st, Fever having two days of intermission; 2nd, Fever having two daily exacerbations; 3d, Fever returning the second day after, i. e. having one day of intermission: of tryāhikajvara-1st, Fever returning on the third day, exclusively of the fever-day, i. e. that leaves two days free; 2nd, Fever recurring every third day, tertian; 3rd, Fever continuing three days: of cāturthikajvara-Fever returning every fourth day, quartan. Much inquiry, and amongst the learned, has discovered the above: consultation of the mādhavanidāna (a work of authority) has determined what follows. aikāhikajvara is remittent fever: dvayā0 is fever recurring the second day, the day after the intermitting day--tertian fever: tryā0 is fever recurring after two days of intermission--quartan fever: cā0 is, with full agreement of Shastra, the learned, and the people, quartan. Further, distinction is made (both by mādhavanidāna and by usus popular and learned) betwixt satatajvara & santatajvara. The former is Remittent fever; the latter, Unremitting or Continued fever. anyēdyu: m (A high word but in use.) Quotidian fever.

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jvāra (ज्वार) [or ज्वारी, jvārī].—f ( H) A plant and its grain, Holcus sorghum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jvāra (ज्वार) [or jvārī, or ज्वारी].—f A plant and its grain, Holcus sorghum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvara (ज्वर).—a. [jvar bhāve tha]

1) Heated, feverish.

2) Excited, inflamed.

-raḥ 1 Fever, feverish heat (in medicine); स्वेद्यमानज्वरं प्राज्ञः कोऽम्भसा परिषिञ्चति (svedyamānajvaraṃ prājñaḥ ko'mbhasā pariṣiñcati) Śiśupālavadha 2.54; also used fig.; दर्पज्वरः, मदनज्वरः, मदज्वरः (darpajvaraḥ, madanajvaraḥ, madajvaraḥ) &c.

2) Fever of the soul, mental pain, affliction, distress, grief, sorrow; व्येतु ते मनसो ज्वरः (vyetu te manaso jvaraḥ) Rām.; मनसस्तदुपस्थिते ज्वरे (manasastadupasthite jvare) R.8.84; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3. 3.

-rā Fever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvara (ज्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Fever, intermitting or continued. 2. Mental Pain, affliction, Distress. E. jvara to be feverish, affix bhāvegha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvara (ज्वर).—[jvar + a], I. adj. Excited, Mahābhārata 13, 3464, Ii. m. 1. Fever, Mahābhārata 12, 10255. 2. Sorrow, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 18, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvara (ज्वर).—[masculine] fever, pain, grief, sorrow.

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Jvāra (ज्वार).—v. navajvāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvara (ज्वर):—[from jvar] m. ([gana] vṛṣādi) fever (differing according to the different Doṣas or humors of the body supposed to be affected by it; ‘leader and king of all diseases’ [Suśruta]), [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fever of the soul, mental pain, affliction, grief, [ib.]

3) Jvāra (ज्वार):—[from jvarin > jvar] See nava-jvāra, pra-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvara (ज्वर):—jvarati 1. a. To be diseased.

2) (raḥ) 1. m. Fever.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jvara (ज्वर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Jvara (ज्वर) [Also spelled jwar]:—(nm) fever, pyrexia; ~[grasta] down with fever; —[caḍhanā] to run temperature; to feel uneasy.

2) Jvāra (ज्वार) [Also spelled jwar]:—(nm) flood tide; (great) millet; -[bhāṭā] flood tide and ebb tide; vicissitudes.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jvara (ಜ್ವರ):—

1) [adjective] heated; that is warm or hot.

2) [adjective] having fever; feverish.

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Jvara (ಜ್ವರ):—[noun] an abnormal condition of the body, characterised by undue rise in temperature, quickening of the pulse, and disturbance of various body functions; fever.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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