Sthuna, Sthūṇa, Sthūna, Sthūṇā: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sthuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Sthūṇa (स्थूण) refers to a kind of weapon (name of a missile). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Sthūṇa (स्थूण) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sthūṇa (स्थूण).—One of Viśvāmitra’s sons who were expounders of the Vedas. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4 Verse 51).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sthūṇa (स्थूण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.50, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sthūṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sthūṇā (स्थूणा) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘pillar’ or ‘post’ of a house.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sthūṇa (स्थूण): A Yaksha, follower of Kubera, who exchanges his identity with Shikhandin, A rakshasa who helps disturb Vishvamitra's sacrifices.

India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sthūna (स्थून) possibly corresponds to Thūna: an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Thūna probably represents Sthūna of the Divyāvadāna and was a Brāhmaṇagāma that formed the western boundary of the Buddhist Majjhimadesa. Thūna has not been identified by any scholar. As Yuan Chwang’s account makes Thaneswar the westernmost country of the Buddhist Majjhimadesa, Prof. Mazumdar proposes to identify Thūna with Sthāniswara or Thaneswar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sthūṇā.—(ML), a pilaster. Note: sthūṇā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthūṇa (स्थूण).—f S A pillar or post; a column, obelisk &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthūṇā (स्थूणा).—[sthā-nak udantādeśaḥ pṛṣo° Tv.] स्थूणायसि स्मृता प्रतिमायां गृहस्तम्भे (sthūṇāyasi smṛtā pratimāyāṃ gṛhastambhe)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ)

1) The post or pillar of a house.

2) A post or pillar in general; स्थूणानिखननन्या- येन (sthūṇānikhanananyā- yena) S. B.; किमर्थमाक्षेपः । दार्ढ्यार्थः । स्थूणानिखननवत् (kimarthamākṣepaḥ | dārḍhyārthaḥ | sthūṇānikhananavat) ŚB. on MS.7.2.1.

3) An iron image or statue; छिन्नस्थूणं वृषं दृष्ट्वा विलापं च गवां भृशम् (chinnasthūṇaṃ vṛṣaṃ dṛṣṭvā vilāpaṃ ca gavāṃ bhṛśam) Mb.12.265.2.

4) An anvil.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sthūṇa (स्थूण).—or °na, m. (1) also Sthūnā (dental n), f. (= Pali Thūṇa), name of a brahman-village in the west: Mahāvyutpatti 4117 sthūṇopasthūṇau grāmau; Divyāvadāna 22.1 (paścimena) Sthūṇopasthūṇakau brāhmaṇagrāmakau; Mahā-Māyūrī 1, 60 Sthūnāyāṃ, loc.; (2) name of a yakṣa at Sthūnā: Mahā-Māyūrī 60. [Page611-b+ 71] (Pali does not record an equivalent of Upasthūṇa, q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūṇā (स्थूणा).—f.

(-ṇā) 1. The post or pillar of a house. 2. Any post or pillar. 3. An iron image, a statue. 4. An anvil. 5. A disease. E. ṣṭhā to stay or stand, nak Unadi aff., deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūṇā (स्थूणा).— (vb. sthā, based on sthā + vaº, cf. the next), f. 1. A pillar, a post, [Pañcatantra] 37, 6. 2. An iron image, 3. An anvil. 4. A disease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūṇa (स्थूण).—[masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] sthūṇā post, pillar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthūṇa (स्थूण):—[from sthū] a m. (connected with sthāṇu; [according to] to some for sthulna) Name of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣa, [ib.]

3) Sthūṇā (स्थूणा):—[from sthūṇa > sthū] a f. See next

4) Sthūṇa (स्थूण):—[from sthū] n. a post, pillar, [Siddhānta-kaumudī]

5) Sthūṇā (स्थूणा):—[from sthū] b f. the post or pillar or beam of a house, any post or stake or pillar or column, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the trunk or stump of a tree, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

7) [v.s. ...] an iron statue, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] an anvil = śūrmi or sūrmi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) = rajju, a rope, cord, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of disease, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] cf. [Greek] στήλη

11) Sthūṇa (स्थूण):—b sthūṇā etc. See p. 1265, col. 3.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sthūṇa (स्थूण):—(von sthū)

1) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Sohnes des Viśvāmitra [Mahābhārata 13, 250.] — b) eines Yakṣa (vgl. sthūṇākarṇa) [Mahābhārata 1, 2453. 5, 7477. 7479. 7544.] —

2) f. sthūṇā [Uṇādisūtra 3, 15] (oxyt.). a) Pfosten, Pfeiler, Säule [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 13, 53. 22, 137.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 141.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1014.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 156.] [Halāyudha 5, 48.] dhruvā [Ṛgveda 8, 17, 14.] e.āṃ sthūṇāṃ pi.aro dhārayantu [10, 18, 13.] sthūṇeva.janā~ upa.idyayantha [1, 59, 1.] sumitā [5, 45, 2. 62, 7.] sthūṇā.adhi roha vaṃśa Hauptbalken [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 12, 6. 14, 1, 63.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 12.] [Suśruta 1, 77, 4.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 1, 3, 7. 3, 1, 22. 5, 2, 2.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 8, 4, 7. 9.] gāṃ sthūṇāyāṃ baddhvā [26, 5, 3.] dvārya Thürpfosten [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 4, 15, 4.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 17, 5, 5.] preṅkha [10, 14.] garta [GṚHY. 3, 2.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 8, 15.] virohaṇa [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 5, 8.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 11. 24. 31. 38. 74.] tasthau sthūṇeva niścalā [Mahābhārata 1, 3008.] sahasraiḥ [2,1773.4,1765.] [Oxforder Handschriften 156,a,13.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10,25,10.] [Pañcatantra 37,6.] indrārthā [Sāhityadarpana 13, 16.] sthūṇāvaśeṣaṃ gṛham [65, 7.] am Ende eines adj. comp. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 8, 32.] dṛḍha Haus [Spr. (II) 5098.] asthi Körper [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 76.] tri von drei Pfeilern (den humores) getragen [Mahābhārata 5, 1070.] [Suśruta 1, 77, 5.] [VARĀH.] [LAGHUJ. 2, 16.] sahasra von tausend Pfeilern getragen: sadas [Ṛgveda 2, 41, 5.] kṣatra [5, 62, 6.] sa sammt dem Pfeiler [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 5, 2, 1.] cchinnavalmīka sammt dem Baumstumpf [KĀM. NĪTIS. 19, 9.] chinna von einem Stiere wohl so v. a. mit zerschlagenen Beinen [Mahābhārata 12,9468.] Nach [Siddhāntakaumudī 247,b,13] auch n. — b) = sūrmī

3) [Amarakoṣa 2. 10, 35.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1464.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Halāyudha 1, 131.] — c) eine best. Krankheit [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. aya, gṛha, sthauṇika .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sthūṇa (स्थूण):—(nm) a pillar, post.

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