Kshutkshama, Kṣutkṣāma, Kshud-kshama: 5 definitions


Kshutkshama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣutkṣāma can be transliterated into English as Ksutksama or Kshutkshama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Kshutkshama in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Kṣutkṣāma (क्षुत्क्षाम) refers to one “starving with hunger”, representing an aspect of Rāhu, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[Now the pala-verses]: Do not, O pretty one, at the end of the bright fortnight, sleep at a place open to the sky. Should it turn night, the cruel Rāhu, starving with hunger [i.e., kṣutkṣāma] and roaming hither and thither, may eat you up, taking your pretty round face for the full moon. Therefore, after darkness, make your bed at a secluded place inside the house”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kshutkshama in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kṣutkṣāma (क्षुत्क्षाम) refers to the “starving” or “emaciated” type of Pretas, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are two kinds of Pretas: lecherous Pretas and emaciated Pretas (kṣutkṣāma). The lecherous Pretas enjoy happiness like the gods but they live with the starving Pretas of whom they are the leaders. The starving Pretas have an enormous belly (sthūlodara) like a mountain, a mouth like the eye of a needle (sūcimukha) and consist of three things: a black skin (kṛṣṇatvac), tendons (snāyu) and bones (asthi). For innumerable hundreds of years, they have not even heard the words “food and drink” (annapāna), still less have they seen their shapes.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshutkshama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣutkṣāma (क्षुत्क्षाम).—a. emaciated by hunger; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.5.1; Bhartṛhari 2.29.

Kṣutkṣāma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣud and kṣāma (क्षाम). See also (synonyms): kṣudhākṣāma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣutkṣāma (क्षुत्क्षाम):—[=kṣut-kṣāma] [from kṣut > kṣudh] mfn. emaciated by hunger, [Mahābhārata i, 50, 1; Pañcatantra; Bhartṛhari; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshutkshama in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣutkṣāma (ಕ್ಷುತ್ಕ್ಷಾಮ):—[adjective] wanting food; suffering from lack of food.

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Kṣutkṣāma (ಕ್ಷುತ್ಕ್ಷಾಮ):—[noun] a man who is starving.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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