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Shruta, aka: Śruta; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shruta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Śruta can be transliterated into English as Sruta or Shruta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Śruta (श्रुत).—A son of Bhagiratha (Suhotra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Nābha(ga).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 169; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 160; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 36.

1b) A son of Subhāṣaṇa, and father of Jaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 25.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14.

1d) A son of Medhā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 35.

1e) A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19.

1f) A son of Suvarca.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Śruta (श्रुत):—Son of Bhagīratha (son of Dilipa). He had a son named Nābha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.16-17)

2) Śruta (श्रुत):—Son of Subhāṣaṇa (son of Yuyudha). He had a son named Jaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Śruta (श्रुत, “scriptures”) refers to “attributing faults the scriptures” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of faith-deluding (darśana-mohanīya) karmas.

Śruta is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra, an ancient and authorative Jain text from the 2nd century A.D. containing aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śruta (श्रुत).—What is meant by the scriptures (śruta)? The sermons propounded by an omniscient; heard, memorized and composed as texts by ascetics with special attainments (called gaṇadharas) are called scriptures.

What is meant by finding faults in the scriptures (śruta-avarṇavāda)? To say ‘that to eat meat, to take alcohol, to eat at night, to indulge in sensual pleasures’ are all prescribed in the scriptures is finding faults in the scriptures.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Influx of karmas

Śruta (Scripture or Canon) is the soul of the religious traditions. It is an anthology of the sermons of Tīrthaṅkaras, may be called God in non-Jain traditions, or their direct or indirect disciples who have attained the certain spiritual purification. It is therefore established as an authority and priority as the form of religion. The scriptural texts are engraved in the hearts of believers who draw inspiration and revival from them in every age.

The Śruta is of two types:

  1. Aṅgabāhya
  2. and Aṅgapraviṣṭa (further divided in 12 types).
Source: Jain eLibrary: 7th International Summer School for Jain Studies

Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shrutavarman
Śrutavarman (श्रुतवर्मन्).—A minister of Bhaṇḍa.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 53.
Itinahshruta
Itinaḥśruta (इतिनःश्रुत).—(Iti śruti)—recording of tradition by the purāṇas1 &mdash...
Shrutakevali
Śrutakevalī (श्रुतकेवली, “scriptural-omniscient”).—A person who knows the 11 limbs of 12 limbs ...
Vijaya
Vijayā (विजया) refers to “the triumphant one” and is the presiding deity of mṛdu (‘tender’), ac...
Jaya
Jayā (जया) refers to “the victorious one” and is the presiding deity of suśobhī (‘very brillian...
Suta
1a) Sūta (सूत).—Versed in purāṇas, itihāsas, and dharmaśāstras, and their expounder addre...
Bhagiratha
Bhagīratha (भगीरथ).—The son of Dilīpa and father of Śruta (Suhotra Viṣṇu-purāṇa); by pena...
Medha
1) Medhā (मेधा) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, accordin...
Nabha
1a) Nabha (नभ).—A son of Niṣadha, and father of Puṇḍarīka.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 1.1...
Subhashana
Subhāṣaṇa (सुभाषण).—A son of Yuyudha, and father of Śruta.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 25.
Kalindi
1a) Kālindī (कालिन्दी).—The daughter of Samjñā.** Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 36.1b) The daughter of ...
Nabhaga
1) Nabhaga (नभग).—A son of Vaivasvata Manu and father of Nābhāga.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII...
Sindhudvipa
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप) is the son of Supārśva, a sage of old times, according to the Varā...
Rita
1a) Ṛta (ऋत).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16.1b) The so...
Caga
Cāga, (from cajati, to give up, Vedic tyaj. Cp. Sk. tyāga) (a) abandoning, giving up, renunciat...

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