Ashruta, Āśruta, Aśruta, Aśrutā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Ashruta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśruta and Aśruta and Aśrutā can be transliterated into English as Asruta or Ashruta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ashruta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Aśrutā (अश्रुता) was married to Muni Aṣṭāvakra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 105. Accordingly, as Rumaṇvat said to Naravāhanadatta: “... once upon a time a hermit, named Aṅgiras, asked Aṣṭāvakra for the hand of his daughter Sāvitrī. But Aṣṭāvakra would not give him his daughter Sāvitrī, though he was an excellent match, because she was already betrothed to someone else. Then Aṅgiras married Aśrutā, his brother’s daughter, and lived a long time with her as his wife in great happiness; but she was well aware that he had previously been in love with Sāvitrī”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Aśrutā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Āśruta (आश्रुत) refers to the “address” used in the Yajurveda, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“with the Yajur-veda the performance takes place by murmuring (upāṃśu). With the exception of addresses (āśruta), replies (pratyāśruta), choosing of priests, dialogues, and commands”.

As all these are meant to be understood by others, they have therefore to be pronounced in a loud voice. [...] The address (āśruta) is “oṃ śrāvaya”; the reply (pratyāśruta) is “astu śrauṣaṭ”;.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Aśruta (अश्रुत) refers to “(that which was) not heard of (before)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[The flowers] were adorned with their own splendor, produced by immeasurable merits, and known by Bodhisattvas of the ten directions. The great three-thousand thousands of worlds were covered with those flowers, and all congregations of the Lord were filled with flowers (puṣpa) up to their knees (jānumātra). Then the whole assembly, having seen the flowers which have never seen or heard before (adṛṣṭa-aśruta-pūrva), addressed themselves to the Lord: ‘O Lord, where are such beautiful flowers coming from?’.”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśruta (अश्रुत).—a (S) Unheard; unheard of. 2 That has not heard or heard of. 3 Unlearned in the Vedas. 4 Contrary to or not directed by the Vedas. 5 That has not bound himself by any oath or engagement.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aśruta (अश्रुत).—a Unheard; unlearned in the Vedas; that has not heard.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśruta (अश्रुत).—a.

1) Unheard, inaudible.

2) Contrary to the Vedas.

3) Not acqainted with the Śāstras, foolish, uneducated; भागं विद्याधनात्तस्मात् स लभेताश्रुतोऽपि सन् (bhāgaṃ vidyādhanāttasmāt sa labhetāśruto'pi san) Dāy.

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Āśruta (आश्रुत).—p. p.

1) Heard.

2) Promised, agreed, accepted.

-tam Calling so as to make one listen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśruta (अश्रुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unheard. 2. Not directed by or contrary to the Vedas. E. a neg. and śruta heard, &c.

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Āśruta (आश्रुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Promised, agreed. 2. Heard. E. āṅ before śru to hear, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśruta (अश्रुत).—[adjective] unheard.

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Āśruta (आश्रुत).—[adjective] heard, audible, granted, promised; [neuter] calling, exhortation ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśruta (अश्रुत):—[=a-śruta] mfn. unheard, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] not heard from the teacher, not taught, [Jaimini]

3) [v.s. ...] (hence) contrary to the Vedas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] untaught, not learned, [Mahābhārata v, 1000 and 1369]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Harivaṃśa 6190]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dyutimat, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) Aśrutā (अश्रुता):—[=a-śrutā] [from a-śruta] f. Name of the wife of Aṅgiras, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) Asruta (अस्रुत):—[=a-sruta] [from a-sravat] mfn. ‘inexhaustible’ [varia lectio] for a-stṛta, q.v.

9) [v.s. ...] imperishable, [Pār.]

10) Āśruta (आश्रुत):—[=ā-śruta] [from ā-śru] mfn. listened to, heard

11) [v.s. ...] audible, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] promised, agreed, [Yājñavalkya]

13) [v.s. ...] n. a calling (at rites See ā-śrāvaṇa), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśruta (अश्रुत):—[a-śruta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Unheard.

2) Āśruta (आश्रुत):—[ā-śruta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Promised.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aśruta (अश्रुत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Asuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashruta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashruta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aśruta (अश्रुत) [Also spelled asrut]:—(a) unheard (of).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśruta (ಅಶ್ರುತ):—

1) [adjective] not heard; unheard.

2) [adjective] ignorant, esp. of religious scriptures.

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Aśruta (ಅಶ್ರುತ):—

1) [noun] that which is contrary to the teachings of the Vedas.

2) [noun] he who is ignorant of the Vedas.

3) [noun] snake, which is supposed to be incapable of hearing.

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Āśruta (ಆಶ್ರುತ):—

1) [adjective] perceived through the ear; heard.

2) [adjective] received; accepted.

3) [adjective] promised; avowed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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