Shrutakevalin, Śrutakevalin: 4 definitions



Shrutakevalin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrutakevalin can be transliterated into English as Srutakevalin or Shrutakevalin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Shrutakevalin in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śrutakevalin (श्रुतकेवलिन्).—A term of a very great honour given to such Jain monks as have almost attained perfection; the term is used in connection with Palyakirti Sakatayana, the Jain grammarian शाकटायन (śākaṭāyana), whose works शाकटायनशब्दानुशासन (śākaṭāyanaśabdānuśāsana) and its presentation in a topical form named शाकटायनप्रक्रिया (śākaṭāyanaprakriyā) are studied at the present day in some parts of India. See शाकटायन (śākaṭāyana) above.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shrutakevalin in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śrutakevalin (श्रुतकेवलिन्) refers to “one who knows all the scriptures thoroughly”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] at that time, by the power of his gift the seed of the tree of mokṣa, the seed of enlightenment, difficult to gain, was acquired by the merchant. At night he went again to the Munis’ abode, entered, bowed to the guru, saying, “Instruct me.” The Sūri Dharmaghoṣa gave this sermon, almost equal to that of a Śrutakevalin, in a voice like thunder”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrutakevalin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrutakevalin (श्रुतकेवलिन्):—[=śruta-kevalin] [from śruta > śru] m. Name of a class of Jaina Arhats (of whom six are enumerated), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrutakevalin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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