Shrutadhara, Śrutadhara, Shruta-dhara: 11 definitions


Shrutadhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrutadhara can be transliterated into English as Srutadhara or Shrutadhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shrutadhara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर).—The companion who followed Puramjana to Uttara and Dakṣiṇa Pāñcāla; allegorically, the hearing.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 50-51; 29. 13.

1b) A class of people in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 11.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shrutadhara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर) is the name of an ancient king from Ekalavyā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 74. Accordingly, as a great elephant (gajendra) said to Pracaṇḍaśakti: “... long ago, in the city of Ekalavyā, there was a king named Śrutadhara, and he had two sons by two wives. When the king went to heaven, his younger son, named Satyadhara, expelled the elder son, named Śīladhara, from the throne”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śrutadhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shrutadhara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर) or Śrutadharadhāraṇī refers to a type of dharāṇī, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. The person who possesses this śrutadhara-dhāraṇī never forgets the words and the teachings that he has heard with his ears. Dhāraṇī refers to a set of five hundred qualities acquired by the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrutadhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर).—a. remembering what is heard, retentive.

-raḥ the ear; राष्ट्रमुत्तरपाञ्चालं याति श्रुतधरान्वितः (rāṣṭramuttarapāñcālaṃ yāti śrutadharānvitaḥ) Bhāgavata 4. 25.51.

Śrutadhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śruta and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śrutādhāra (श्रुताधार).—adj. (Sanskrit śruta plus ādhāra, not used in this sense in Sanskrit; = Pali sutādhāra, Jātaka (Pali) vi.287.3), holding fast (retaining in their minds) the sacred word: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 337.1 adhyāśayena saṃpannāḥ śrutādhārāś ca ye narāḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Recollecting, remembering what has been heard. 2. Having or observing the Vedas. E. śruta, and dhara who has.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर).—[adjective] having a god memory (lit. keeping what is heard).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 94. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Mentioned by Jayadeva in the Preface to Gītagovinda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर):—[=śruta-dhara] [from śruta > śru] mfn. retaining what has been heard, having a good memory, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the ear, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Gīta-govinda, [Introduction]]

5) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of the Brāhmans in Śālmaladvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrutadhara (श्रुतधर):—[śruta-dhara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Recollecting; having or observing the Vedas.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrutadhara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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