Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the nature of faith-deluding karmas which is verse 6.13 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 13 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.13 - The nature of Faith-deluding Karmas

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.13:

केवलिश्रुतसंघधर्मदेवावर्णवादो दर्शनमोहस्य ॥ ६.१३ ॥

kevaliśrutasaṃghadharmadevāvarṇavādo darśanamohasya || 6.13 ||

Attributing faults to the Omniscient (kevalī), the Scripture (śruta), the congregation of ascetics (saṃgha), the true religion (dharma) and the celestial-beings (deva), leads to the influx (āsrava) of faith-deluding (darśana-mohanīya) karmas. (13)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [केवलिश्रुतसंघधर्मदेवावर्णवादः] केवली, श्रुत, संघ, धर्म और देव का अवर्णवाद करना सो [दर्शनमोहस्य] दर्शनमोहनीय कर्म के आस्रव का कारण है।

Anvayartha: [kevalishrutasamghadharmadevavarnavadah] kevali, shruta, samgha, dharma aura deva ka avarnavada karana so [darshanamohasya] darshanamohaniya karma ke asrava ka karana hai |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

The causes of the influx (āsrava) of deluding (mohanīya) karmas are to be described next. Deluding (mohanīya) karmas are of two kinds, faith-deluding (darśanamohanīya), and conduct-deluding (cāritra-mohanīya). The causes of the influx of the former are mentioned next.

Those whose knowledge is without obstruction are the Omniscients (kevalī). They possess perfect knowledge. The most worthy disciples, called gaṇadhara, having exceptional brilliance and accomplishment, compose sacred texts that expound the Lord’s teachings. These holy texts are the Scripture (śruta). The fraternity of ascetics equipped with the trio of right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct–ratnatraya–is the congregation of ascetics–saṃgha. The religion (dharma) consists in non-injury (ahiṃsā), as expounded in the Scripture. The four orders of celestial-beings (deva) have already been described in Chapter 4. Attributing faults to, or slandering, the great ones described above is ‘avarṇavāda’. This is the cause of influx of faith-deluding (darśanamohanīya) karmas. Examples of attributing faults–avarṇavāda–are: The Omniscients eat morsels of food and conduct themselves like ordinary men. The Scripture recommends meat-eating and drinking of wine. The ascetics are base-born and lack in cleanliness, etc. The religion taught by Lord Jina (Tīrthaṅkara) is devoid of merit; those who follow it will be reborn as demons. The celestial-beings eat meat and drink wine.

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