Shrotriya, Śrotrīya, Śrotriya: 15 definitions
Shrotriya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śrotrīya and Śrotriya can be transliterated into English as Srotriya or Shrotriya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śrotrīya (श्रोत्रीय).—Eligible for Pārvaṇa śrāddha, as also his son.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 16. 8; 105. 17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 15. 2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय) refers to monks “experts in Vedic studies”, whose mask should be represented as having a shaven head (śiromuṇḍa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, the role (bhūmikā) of actors playing śrotriyas is defined as, “persons who have brown eyes, long nose, and who are short or tall, should be employed in the role of Kañcukīyas and Śrotriyas”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Vedanta (school of philosophy)
Srotriya (स्रोत्रिय) refers to “proficient and well versed in Veda”.—A learned Brāhmaṇa, one well versed in sacred learning.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
General definition (in Jainism)
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय) refers to a Brāhman, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A god becomes [filled] with lamenting, a dog ascends to heaven, a Brāhman (śrotriya) might become discernible in substance [as a dog] or an insect or even a low outcaste. Like an actor here on the stage, the embodied soul continually takes on individual characters [and] he abandons others”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Śrotriya.—(SITI), land or a village granted to a Śrotriya or Brāhmaṇa learned in the Vedas. Note: śrotriya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
śrōtriya (श्रोत्रिय) [or श्रोत्रीय, śrōtrīya].—m S pop. śrōtī or śrōtrī m A Brahman versed in the study of the Vedas. 2 An agnihōtrī or maintainer of a sacred fire.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय).—a. [chando vedamadhīte vetti vā chandas gha śrotrādeśaḥ; cf. P.V.2.84]
1) Proficient or versed in the Veda.
2) Teachable, tractable.
3) Modest, well-behaved.
-yaḥ A learned Brāhmaṇa, one well-versed in sacred learning; जन्मना ब्राह्मणो ज्ञेयः संस्कारैर्द्विज उच्यते । विद्यया याति विप्रत्वं त्रिभिः श्रोत्रिय उच्यते (janmanā brāhmaṇo jñeyaḥ saṃskārairdvija ucyate | vidyayā yāti vipratvaṃ tribhiḥ śrotriya ucyate) ||; ते श्रोत्रियास्तत्त्ववनिश्चयाय भूरि श्रुतं शाश्वतमाद्रियन्ते (te śrotriyāstattvavaniścayāya bhūri śrutaṃ śāśvatamādriyante) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.5; R.16.25.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Modest, docile, well-behaved. m.
(-yaḥ) 1. A Brahman versed in the study of the Vedas. 2. A Brahman following a particular branch or school of the Vedas. E. śrotra considered as substituted for chandas the metre of the Vedas, and khan aff.; or śrotra the ear, said also to mean the Vedas, and gha aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय).—i. e. śrotra + iya, I. adj. Modest, well-behaved. Ii. m. 1. A Brāhmaṇa conversant with the Vedas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 134 (cf. Sch. ad [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 128). 2. One who observes the religious precepts, [Pañcatantra] 110, 24.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय).—[adjective] learned (in sacred tradition); [masculine] a Brahman versed in sacred lore.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय):—[from śrotavya] mfn. learned in the Veda, conversant with sacred knowledge, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] docile, modest, well-behaved, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] m. a Brāhman versed in the Veda, theologian, divine, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman of the third degree (standing between the Brāhmaṇa and Anūcāna), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A brāhman versed in the Vedas. a. Modest, docile.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Śrotriya (श्रोत्रिय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sottia.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Śrōtriya (ಶ್ರೋತ್ರಿಯ):—[noun] a brāhmaṇa who has studied the vedas; a vaidic brāhmaṇa.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Shrotriyaguttage, Shrotriyamanya, Shrotriyasat, Shrotriyasatkri, Shrotriyasva, Shrotriyata, Shrotriyatva.
Ends with: Ashrotriya, Balakrishna shrotriya, Dasishrotriya, Govardhana shrotriya, Kathashrotriya, Mahashrotriya, Mantrishrotriya, Sacchrotriya.
Full-text (+19): Shrotriyasva, Ashrotriya, Kathashrotriya, Shrotriyata, Mantrishrotriya, Sottia, Sottiya, Somapravaka, Shrautriyaka, Shrautra, Dasishrotriya, Bhutikritya, Shrotriyatva, Shrotriyasat, Mahashrotriya, Govardhana shrotriya, Shrotriyasatkri, Balakrishna shrotriya, Draupadivastraharana, Brahmana.
Search found 43 books and stories containing Shrotriya, Śrotrīya, Śrotriya, Srotriya, Śrōtriya; (plurals include: Shrotriyas, Śrotrīyas, Śrotriyas, Srotriyas, Śrōtriyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.393 < [Section XLVIII - Laws relating to Civic Misdemeanours]
Verse 7.134 < [Section XI - Customs-Duties]
Verse 3.120 < [Section VII - Duties of the Householder]
Shishupala-vadha (Study) (by Shila Chakraborty)
Tax system according to Manusaṃhitā < [Chapter 5 - Policies of taxation]
Apastamba Dharma-sutra (by Āpastamba)
Mundaka Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Verse 3.2.10 < [Mundaka III, Khanda II]
Verse 1.2.12 < [Mundaka I, Khanda II]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XCVI - Origin of mixed castes < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CX - Advice as to the non-rejectment of certain goods < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CVI - Impurities and Purities < [Agastya Samhita]
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)