Shata, aka: Sata, Sāṭa, Sāta, Saṭa, Śaṭa, Śata, Sātā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṭa and Śata can be transliterated into English as Sata or Shata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1) Śaṭa (शट).—A Dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 9.

2) Śata (शत).—A son of Jambha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Sāta (सात) is the name of a Yakṣa, who took the form of a lion, and got shot with an arrow by Dvīpikarṇi, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 6.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sāta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

An eminent Theri of Ceylon. Dpv.xviii.16.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

sata : (adj.) mindful; conscious. (nt.), a hundred. || sāta (nt.), pleasure; comfort. (adj.) pleasant; agreeable.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāṭa, (cp. Sk. śāṭa) a garment, cloth Th. 2, 245; sāṭi (f.) the same S. I, 115; Dh. 394; J. I, 230 (udaka° bathing mantle), 481. (Page 702)

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Sāta, (adj.) (cp. *Sk. śāta) pleasant, agreeable It. 114; Nett 27. Often combd with piya, e.g. It. 114; Vbh. 103; DA. I, 311.—Opp. kaṭuka.—sāta (nt.) pleasure, joy M. I, 508; A. I, 81 sq.; S. II, 220; J. I, 410; Dh. 341 (°sita= sāta-nissita DhA. IV, 49); Sn. 867 sq.; Nd1 30 (three, of bhava); Pv. II, 113; IV, 54 (+sukha); Dhs. 3. asāta disagreeable, unpleasant Dhs. 1343; J. I, 410; J. I, 288; II, 105; Sn. 867 sq.; sātabhakkha Pug. 55, read haṭabhakkha. —odaka with pleasant water D. II, 129; M. I, 76; Vin. III, 108. —kumbha gold VvA. 13. See also v. l. under hāṭaka. —putta a noble son J. VI, 238 (=amacca-putta C.). (Page 702)

— or —

Saṭa, (most likely=Sk. śada (fall), fr. śad to fall; Kern Toev. s. v. equals it to Sk. sūta (or sṛta) of sṛ (or su) to run (to impel), as in ussaṭa and visaṭa. The Dhtm (789) gives a root saṭ in meaning of “visaraṇa, ” i.e. profusion, diffusion (cp. visaṭa)) a fall, a heap of things fallen; only in cpd. paṇṇa° a heap of fallen leaves M. I, 21 (=paṇṇa-kacavara MA. I, 120); J. II, 271. (Page 671)

— or —

1) Sata, 2 (pp. of sarati, of smṛ, cp. BSk. smṛta AvŚ I. 228; II, 197) remembering, mindful, conscious D. I, 37; II, 94; III, 49, 107, 222, 269; M. I, 520 (su-ssata & dus-sata); S. IV, 211; A. III, 169 (+sampajāna), 325; IV, 311; Sn. 741; Dhs. 163; DA. I, 211.—satokārin cultivator of sati Ps. I, 175. (Page 672)

2) Sata, 1 (num. card.) (Vedic śataṃ; cp. Av. sat∂m, Gr. e(-katόn, Lat. centum; Goth. hund=hundred; Idg. *kmtóm fr. dkm̊tóm (=decem), thus ultimately the same as daśa, i.e. decad (of tens)) a hundred, used as nt. (collect.), either —° or as apposition, viz. gāma-sataṃ a hundred (ship of) villages DhA. I, 180; jaṭila-satāni 100 ascetics Vin. I, 24; jāti° D. I, 13; or gāthā sataṃ 100 stanzas Dh. 102. -Often in sense of “many” or “innumerable, ” e.g. °kaku, °raṃsi, etc.; cp. °satāni bahūni J. IV, 310, 311.

—kaku having a hundred corners, epithet of a cloud A. III, 34=S. I, 100 (v. l. sattakatu) see J. P. T. S. 1891—93 p. 5. —patta the Indian crane (or woodpecker?) J. II, 153; 388; Miln. 404. —padī a centipede A. II, 73; III, 101, 306; IV, 320; V, 290; Vin. II, 110, 148; Miln. 272. —pala (Th. 1, 97) see pala. —pāka (-tela) oil mixture, worth 100 pieces J. IV, 281; DhA. II, 48; III, 311; see also pāka. —puñña 100, i.e. innumerable merits Vism. 211. —pupphā Anethum sowa, a sort of dill or fennel J. VI, 537. —porisa of the height of a hundred men, extremely high, attribute of a hell Vv 52, 12 sq.; name of a hell J. V, 269. —mūlī Asparagus racemosus Abhp 585. —raṃsi “having 100 rays, ” the sun Sdhp. 590; J. I, 44. —rasabhojana food of 100 flavours DhA. III, 96 (v. l. all pass, satta°) —vaṅka a kind of fish Abhp 672. —vallikā an under-garment, arranged like a row of jewelry Vin. II, 137. —sahassa one hundred thousand J. II, 20; Miln. 88; 136; DhA. II, 86. —sahassima id. S. II, 133. (Page 672)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Sāta (सात, “pleasant”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sāta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śata (शत).—a (S) A hundred. śataṃ tatra pañcōttara śataṃ Where we are spending or giving a hundred what matters five over?

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śāṭa (शाट).—Misspelled for chāṭa &c.

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saṭa (सट).—f (ṣaṣṭhī S) The sixth day of either half-month. 2 A female divinity, a form of Durga. 3 Worship of Durga. See under saṭhī.

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sata (सत).—n Popular form of satva, but used esp. in the sense Cream, pith, marrow, essence, substance; and in the sense Virtue, vigor, spirit, potency, strength. Also for the phrases sata ghēṇēṃ, sata sōḍaṇēṃ, satāsa jāgaṇēṃ &c. see under satva.

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sata (सत).—ind (sāta) The term used in multiplying by 7 any of the numbers above unity. Ex. tīna satēṃ ēkavīsa.

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sāṭa (साट).—m A frame composed of slit bamboos or slender sticks laid along and fastened together; forming the deck or flooring of boats and small vessels: also the lathing or similar work over the rafters of a roof: also the floor of a loft &c.

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sāṭa (साट).—n A cake formed of the pulp (of the jack, mango &c.) well mashed and blended, and rolled out.

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sāṭā (साटा).—m (By mispronunciation of chāṭā) A drop cast in sprinkling.

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sāṭā (साटा) [or ट्या, ṭyā].—m A frame &c. See sāṭhā or ṭhyā.

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sāṭā (साटा).—m (sāṭaṇēṃ To heap or store.) Stuffing material (of gūḷapāpaḍī, sāraṇa, khōbarēṃ, crumbled plantains &c.) for puffs and cakes. Applied also to the flour, or butter, ghee, or oil which is sprinkled or smeared between the layers of pastry. v dē, lāva, bhara, kara.

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sāta (सात).—a (sapta S) Seven. Used, as are the words for seven in other languages, to express Completeness or largeness of number. See in order sāta tāḍa uñca, sāta labāḍa, sāta sāyāsa, sātā paḍadyānta basaṇēṃ, sātavyā majalyāvara or sātavyā tāḷīṃ basaṇēṃ, sātāḷaśī &c.

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sāta (सात).—f (Better sātha) Company or companionship: also a companion.

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sāta (सात).—f (satata Constant or continual.) A course or run (esp. of epidemic disease--small pox, measles, influenza, fever &c.); and, freely, of any matter of one kind or character; as bhākarīcī or bhātācī sāta (bhōjanāsa); mulāñcī or mulīñcī sāta (bāyakōsa).

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sāta (सात) [or सांत, sānta].—f A particular fish.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śata (शत).—a A hundred. śataka n A century or a cento.

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saṭa (सट).—f (A corrupt form of ṣaṣṭhī.) Name of durgā. Worship of durgā.

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sāṭa (साट).—, m A bamboo frame. n A pulp-cake, (of the jack, mango &c.).

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sāṭā (साटा).—m A drop cast in sprinkling. A frame. Stuffing material for cakes.

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sāta (सात).—a Seven. f Company; a course or run.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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