Padmavati, aka: Padmāvatī; 17 Definition(s)
Padmavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the name of the seventeenth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva in the 11th-century.
2) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the daughter of Pradyota: the king of Magadha who opposed king Udayana, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 14. Their story is told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to Rumaṇvat. According to Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15, Yaugandharāyaṇa, accompanied by Gopālaka, Rumaṇvat and Vasantaka, devised a scheme to trick king Udayana into believing his wife (Vāsavadattā) was burned at Lāvānaka, so that he would marry Padmāvatī.
3) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the duaghter of Saṅgrāmavardhana from the Kaliṅga country, as mentioned in the first story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in theKathāsaritsāgara, chapter 75. Accordingly, “... by lifting up the lotus she let you know her name was Padmāvatī; and by placing her hand on her heart she told you that it was yours... Now there is a king named Karṇotpala in the country of Kaliṅga; he has a favourite courtier, a great ivory-carver named Saṅgrāmavardhana, and he has a daughter named Padmāvatī, the pearl of the three worlds, whom he values more than his life”.
4) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the name of an ancient city situated in Avanti, whose name is associated with the Kṛtayuga, as mentioned in the ninth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 83. Accordingly, “... there is in Avanti a city built by gods at the beginning of the world, which is limitless as the body of Śiva, and renowned for enjoyment and prosperity, even as his body is adorned with the snake’s hood and ashes. It was called Padmāvatī in the Kṛta Yuga, Bhogavatī in the Tretā Yuga, Hiraṇyavatī in the Dvāpara Yuga, and Ujjayinī in the Kali Yuga. And in it there lived an excellent king, named Vīradeva, and he had a queen named Padmarati”.
5) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the daughter of Padmaśekhara and is an incarnation of a portion of Gaurī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 115. Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu and his companions in Siddhīśvara: “... and he [Candraketu] shall rule the Vidyādharas with that lady, who shall be an incarnation of a portion of Gaurī, and shall be named Padmāvatī, for his consort, and at last he shall come to me. So bear up for a little: this desire of yours is already as good as accomplished”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Padmāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—A river which is the incarnation of Mahālakṣmī. (See under Gaṅgā).
2) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Wife of Emperor Udayana. (See under Udayana).
3) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Wife of Candragupta son of Sahasramukharāvaṇa. (See under Sahasramukharāvaṇa).
4) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—A female follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Chapter 46, Śalya Parva).
5) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Daughter of Satyaketu, King of Vidarbha. Ugrasena married her. After marriage she went and stayed once in her father’s house for a short period. During that time through illegal intimacy with a messenger from Kubera named Gobhila she became pregnant. She started to destroy the foetus when from inside a voice said "I am being born to wreak vengeance on Mahāviṣṇu for killing Kālanemi." The son born thus was Kaṃsa. (Sṛṣṭikhaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).
6) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Wife of a Vaiśya named Praṇidhi. Once Praṇidhi went to a neighbouring village for trade. Padmāvatī and her companions were one day bathing in a river nearby when a Śūdra passed that way. Attracted by her dazzling beauty he remained there talking to her. The Śūdra named Dharmadhvaja was greatly enamoured of her and the companions of Padmāvatī, noticing that, just to make fun of him said "If you abandon your life at the point where the rivers Gaṅgā and Yamunā meet you can attain Padmāvatī." Without any hesitation, thinking that what they said was true, he went and ended his life at the place suggested. Immediately he became a replica of Praṇidhi and stood before Padmāvatī. The real Praṇidhi also came there then. Padmāvatī was in a fix to choose the real husband. Mahāviṣṇu appeared before them then and asked Pādmāvatī to accept both of them as her husbands Padmāvatī pleaded it was forbidden for women of her community to accept more than one husband and then Mahāviṣṇu took all the three along with him to Vaikuṇṭha. (Kriyā Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa, Chapter 4).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—The city of Purañjaya the capital of the Nāgas.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 37. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 63.
1b) A daughter of Bhaṅgakāra, who was given in marriage to Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 21.
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.9). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Padmāvatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Jagaddhara, an old commentator of the Mālatīmādhava identified Padmanagara with Padmāvatī. Also see Padmapura. The scene of Bhavabhūi’s Mālatīmādhava was laid in Padmāvatī. It was stated in this Prakaraṇa itself that a minister of Vidarbha sent his son Mādhava to Padmāvatī with a view to bringing about his marriage with the daughter of the chief minister of that place. It shows that Padmāvatī was not in Vidarbha. The Mālatīmādhava described minutely the environs of Padmāvatī, the rivers such as Pārā, Sindhu, Madhumatī and Lavana flew in its vicinity, the waterfall of the Sindhu and the temple of Śiva situated at the confluence of the Madhumatī and the Sindhu.Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) refers to one of the twenty-seven mātrāvṛttas (quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Mātrāvṛtta (eg., padmāvatī) refers to a type of metre found in classical Sanskrit poetry.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—Pawaya has been identified with Padmāvatī, one of the three captials of the Nāgas, the other two being Kāntipurī and Mathura, as mentioned in the Viṣṇupurāṇa. The Purāṇas, however, give no definite information about the city. The Vāyupurāṇa mentions two houses of the Nāga rulers, one comprising nine kings and ruling at Padmāvatī and the other consisting of seven kings ruling at Mathura.Source: Google Books: Costumes and Ornaments as Depicted in the Sculptures of Gwalior Museum
Padmavati:—The minister of Udayana are anxious that he begin a series of conquests. They plot to get him married to Padmavati, the daughter of Pradyota, the King of Magadha. Vasavadatta is against it but she is eventually persuaded to agree to this al liance.Source: Kashmiri Overseas Association: Kasheer september 2008 issue
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the name of a universe according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “The universe Houa tsi (Padmāvati) has been mentioned which belongs to the Buddha P’ou houa (Samantakusuma), where the Bodhisattva Miao tö (Mañjuśrī), the Bodhisattva Chan tchou yi (Susthitamati) and other very powerful Bodhisattvas dwell”.
Also, “when the Buddha Śākyamuni transforms the Sahā universe, he gives it a resemblance (sādṛśya) to the Padmāvatī universe. This is why it is compared here to the Padmāvatī universe”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the mother of Munisuvratanātha, the twentieth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow. She is also known as Padmā.
The husband of Padmāvatī is Sumitra. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is the yakṣī or śāsanadevī who guarded the twenty-third Jina Pārśvanātha, and who continues to guard his tīrtha as embodied in his icons and shrines. She is a goddess who is equally popular in south and north India, and among Digambaras and Śvetāmbaras (Cort 1987: 244-46).Source: HereNow4U: Svasti - Essays
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) is an example of a feminine name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. In feminine names we notice the terminations svāminī and vatī. We find that the feminine names in our inscriptions generally end in ‘ī’. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Padmāvatī) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.
Padmāvatī is also an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Padmāvatī is the name of a Goddess mentioned in the “Tālale plates of Gaṇḍarāditya ”. Accordingly, “... to his feudatory Nolamba, who is adorned with all merits, who is the sun that makes the family of the Nigumbas, bloom, who is adorned by his banner of the golden fish and the lordly serpent, who is the very ocean of propriety, (and) who has obtained a boon of the goddess Padmāvatī”.
These copper plates (mentioning Padmāvatī) were discovered by Ramchandrarao Appaji while he was digging in a field at Tālale in the Kolhāpur District. It is dated Tuesday, the tenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Māgha in the expired year 1032 (Śaka), the cyclic year being Virodhin. It records the grants made by Gaṇḍarāditya.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—It was stated by V. V. Mirashi in his book that Cunningham was the first to make a conjecture about the location of Padmāvatī. He showed that the description suits the town of Narvar lying about twenty miles to the south-west of Gwalior. The river near Narvar was even known as the Sindhu. Pārā was known by the name of Pārvatī. The Madhumatī and the Lavana then bore respectively the names of Mahuvar and Nun. There was an old fort at Narvar. The purāṇas told that nine Nāga kings ruled from Padmāvatī and it was noteworthy that coins of Nāga kings were actually found in the vicinity of Narvar. On this evidence Cunningham identified Padmāvatī with Narvar.
Later, M. B Garde, director of the Archaeological Department, Gwalior state, proved it by Archaeological excavations that Padmāvatī was not identical with Narwar itself but with the village pawaya in its neighbourhood. M.V. Lele had attempted to identify Padmapura, the birth place of Bhavabhūti, with this Padmāvatī.Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
1) An epithet of Lakṣmī.
2) Name of a river; Māl.9.1.
3) The goddess Manasā.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Padmāvatī (पद्मावती) or Padumāvatī.—(1) n. of a girl of miraculous birth who became the wife of King Brahmadatta of Kāmpilya; heroine of the ‘Pad(u)māvatī parikalpa’ (colophon Mv iii.170.10): Mv iii.155.7 ff. (mss. vary between Padumā° and Padmā°, Senart prints the former); (2) n. of a devaku- mārikā in the northern quarter: Mv iii.309.8 (Padumā°) = LV 391.3 (Padmā°, meter rectified by a ‘patch-word’), verse; (3) n. of a wife of King Aśoka, mother of Kunāla: Divy 405.17.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Padmavati or Padmāvatī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 48 - The Story of Padmāvatī < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 51 - Padmāvatī Returns to Her Husband’s Place < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 49 - Padmāvatī Succumbs to Gobhila’s Fraudulent Approach < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Marriage with Padmāvatī < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 21: Marriage with Padmāvatī and Aśvasenā < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 7: Reincarnation of Acala (first of Malli’s six former friends) < [Chapter VI - Śrī Mallināthacaritra]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.7.13-14 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
Verse 1.7.72-73 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
Verse 1.6.6-8 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Act 10.9: The transformed Sahā universe compared with the Padmāvatī universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter CXIX < [Book XVII - Padmāvatī]
Chapter XVI < [Book III - Lāvānaka]
Chapter CXVII < [Book XVII - Padmāvatī]
Bhagavad-gita-mahatmya (by Shankaracharya)