Prabhavati, aka: Prabhāvati, Prabhāvatī; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prabhavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Prabhavati in Natyashastra glossaries]

1) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the fourth, the ninth, the eleventh and the twelfth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦
⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦

Prabhāvatī falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

2) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) is the name of a meter belonging to the Dvipadā-caturasra class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Prabhavati in Shaivism glossaries]

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) refers to the city of Kubera or Soma, situated on the northern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Prabhāvatī is also known by the name Prabhā or Mahodayā, and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Prabhavati in Chandas glossaries]

1) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., prabhāvatī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

2) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Chandas from relevant books on Exotic India

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Prabhavati in Itihasa glossaries]

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.3). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Prabhāvatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Itihasa from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

[Prabhavati in Purana glossaries]

1) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—A woman who was engaged in penance at the abode of Mayāsura. One of the batches of monkeys that went to different places in search of Sītā met Prabhāvatī. (Śloka 4, Chapter 282, Vana Parva). (See full article at Story of Prabhāvatī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—The wife of Sūryadeva. (Śloka 8, Chapter 117, Udyoga Parva).

3) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—A female follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 3, Chapter 46, Śal a Parva).

4) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—Wife of Citraratha, king of Aṅga. This Prabhāvatī was the eldest sister of Ruci, wife of Devaśarmā. (Śloka 8, Chapter 42, Anuśāsana Parva).

5) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—Daughter of the demon Vajranābha. She was married to Pradyumna, son of Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

There was once a very valiant demon called Vajranābha. He went into the valley of Meru and performed penance to propitiate Brahmā. Brahmā appeared before him and he got from him boons such as strength to conquer and subdue all kings, the secret of leaving the body and entering that of others etc. Empowered with these boons he made Vajranābhapura his capital. He got a daughter named Prabhāvatī. His brother Sunābha had two daughters named Candramatī and Guṇavatī.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

[Prabhavati in Katha glossaries]

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) is the name of a Vidyādharī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 106. Accordingly, as Prabhāvatī said to prince Naravāhanadatta: “... know that I am his [prince Piṅgalagāndhāra] unmarried daughter, named Prabhāvatī, for he obtained me by the special favour of the God of Fire, who was pleased with his adoration. I went to the city of Āṣāḍhapura to visit my friend Vegavatī, and I did not find her there, as she had gone somewhere to perform asceticism”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabhāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[Prabhavati in Tibetan Buddhism glossaries]

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) is the goddess presiding over one of the six petals of the eastern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra. These six petals are presided over by a kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Prabhāvatī is associated with the sacred site (pīṭha) named Oḍḍiyāna. All the goddess of the eastern lotus petals are to be visualised as dancing naked and being half-male / half-female (ardhanarīśvarī) with their two sides being white and green. In their four arms they brandish a bowl and staff, with a ḍamaru and their familial attribute.

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Prabhavati in Jainism glossaries]

1) Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) is the mother of Mallinātha, the nineteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Prabhāvatī is Kumbha. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

2) Prabhāvati (प्रभावति) is the wife of Candrābha, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (eg., Prabhāvati) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती) is the name of the queen-wife of Udāyana.—King Udāyana was a popular king of Sindhu-Sauvīra kingdom. The capital of this kingdom was Vītabhaya city, which was large, beautiful and prosperous in every way. Prabhāvatī was the queen of King Udāyana and Abhīcakumāra was their son. Udāyana's nephew Keśīkumāra too used to live with him. King Udāyana had great faith in the words of Lord Mahāvīra. He was a 12-vows follower of Mahāvīra.

(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Prabhavati in Sanskrit glossaries]

Prabhāvatī (प्रभावती).—f.

1) A kind of metre.

2) (In music) A particular श्रुति (śruti).

3) Name of the wife of the sun.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of prabhavati in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 50 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Prabhavatitirtha
Prabhāvatītīrtha (प्रभावतीतीर्थ) is the name of a Tīrtha (sacred bathing place) that is associa...
Bala
Bala (बल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...
Prabhu
Prabhu (प्रभु) is the name of a deity who received the Yogajāgama from Bhasma who in turn, rece...
Vijaya
1) Vijaya (विजय) is the name of a sacred mountain range in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsa...
Candravati
1) Candravatī (चन्द्रवती) is one of the two wifes of Padmasena: one of the two sons of the Vidy...
Ashoka
Aśoka (अशोक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.14) and represents one of the ma...
Rameshvara
Rāmeśvara (रामेश्वर).—There is in South India a very famous holy place called Rāmeśvara and a Ś...
Dundubhi
1) Dundubhi (दुन्दुभि) is the name of a Daitya, as mentionedin the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 10...
Shuci
1) Śuci (शुचि).—A deva (god) who was born in Agnivaṃśa. This Śuci was the son of Agnideva who w...
Kumbha
Kumbha (कुम्भ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as m...
Meru
Meru (मेरु) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ment...
Moksha
Mokṣa (मोक्ष, “liberation”).—According to Vātsyāyana, mokṣa or apavarga should consist of compl...
Prabha
Prabhā (प्रभा) or Tarkacandrikā is a commentary on the Tarkasaṃgraha which is ascribed to Vaid...
Bimba
Bimba (बिम्ब) or Bimbāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of...
Udayana
Udayana (उदयन) is the author of the Kiraṇāvalī: another important work on Praśastapāda-bhāṣya. ...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: