Shathya, Śāṭhya: 8 definitions



Shathya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāṭhya can be transliterated into English as Sathya or Shathya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य, “deceit”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., śāṭhya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Śāṭhya (“treachery”) also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Śāṭhya (“deceit”) also refers to the one of the “six obstacles to concentration” (samādhi-āvaraṇa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 118).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāṭhya (शाठ्य).—n S Roguery or knavery: also villainy or wickedness freely.

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sāṭhyā (साठ्या).—See sāṭamāra &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of shathya or sathya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य).—[śaṭhasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ] (a) Dishonesty, perfidy, guile; trickery, fraud, villainy; आजन्मनः शाठ्यमशिक्षितो यः (ājanmanaḥ śāṭhyamaśikṣito yaḥ) Ś.5.25; दाक्षिण्यं स्वजने दया परजने शाठ्यं सदा दुर्जने (dākṣiṇyaṃ svajane dayā parajane śāṭhyaṃ sadā durjane) Bh.2.22. (b) Art, skill, cunning; देव्या निह्नोतुमिच्छोरिति सुरसरितं शाठ्यमव्याद्विभोर्वः (devyā nihnotumicchoriti surasaritaṃ śāṭhyamavyādvibhorvaḥ) Mu.1.1.

Derivable forms: śāṭhyam (शाठ्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य).—n.

(-ṭhyaṃ) Wickedness, villainy. E. śaṭh wicked, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य).—i. e. śaṭha + ya, n. 1. Deceit, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 99, M.M. 2. Wickedness. 3. Perfidy, hatred, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य).—[neuter] falsehood, villany; p. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य):—[from śāṭha] n. wickedness, deceit, guile, roguery, dishonesty, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śāṭhya (शाठ्य):—(von śaṭha) n. Falschheit, Hinterlist, heimtückisches Wesen [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 377.] [Mahābhārata 5, 4113.] [Harivaṃśa 2103.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 23, 9. 3, 30, 25.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 87, 5.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 5, 14. 13, 43.] [Śākuntala 121.] [Spr. (II) 367. 2738. 4580, v. l. 4813. (I) 5228.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 15, 4. 68, 22. 98, 8.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 60, 204.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 29.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 30, 4.] vitta eine Unredlichkeit in Betreff des Vermögens, das sich ärmer oder reicher Machen als man ist [Harivaṃśa 16218.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 233. 278. fg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.5,13,11. 14,26.8,16,51.] [PAÑCAR.3,9,12.] [Oxforder Handschriften 102,b,8.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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