Sarisripa, Sarīsṛpa, Sari-sripa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Sarisripa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarīsṛpa can be transliterated into English as Sarisrpa or Sarisripa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sarisrap.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “reptiles” and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhibhautika and its subdivisions (e.g., sarīsṛpas) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhyātmika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Sarī-sṛpa (सरी-सृप) falls under the category of wild beasts (āraṇya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “creeping animals” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, Sītā! Various creeping animals (sarīsṛpa) of different forms (bahurūpa) roam about on earth with pride. Hence dwelling in a forest is a great misery’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Samkhya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “creeping animals” such as snakes or worms, and represents a division of the animal world (tairyaksarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The tairyaksarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “one which crawls”, and represents a synonym of Sarpa (“snake”), according to the Paryāyaratnamāla: a lexicon of Āyurveda composed in the 9th Century by Madhava.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) denotes in the Ṛgveda, and often later, any “creeping animal” or “reptile”.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “creeping animals”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the great Nāga kings said to the Bhagavān]: “[...] We will ripen crops, flowers and fruits. We will ward off all stinging insects, mosquitos, locusts, creeping animals (sarīsṛpa), frogs, flies, bees, horseflies, centipedes, bees, parrots and mynas. We will destroy them. We will eliminate all calamities and troubles. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to a “serpent”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “[...] And even among the five-sensed beings, many belong to the animal world such as the cow, the deer, the bird, the serpent (sarīsṛpa), etc. Hence human birth is as difficult of attainment as a heap of jewels at the crossing of the roads. And if one loses the condition of a human being by negligence, it is as difficult to attain it once again, as it is difficult for a burnt tree to regain its old freshness. Even if human birth is attained, a good country, a good family, keen senses, health, etc. are more and more difficult of attainment. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—A serpent; any creeping animal; वनं च दोषबहुलं बहुव्यालसरीसृपम् (vanaṃ ca doṣabahulaṃ bahuvyālasarīsṛpam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.2.3; यथा कश्चिद्वनं घोरं बहुसर्प- सरीसृपम् (yathā kaścidvanaṃ ghoraṃ bahusarpa- sarīsṛpam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.3.51. -a.

1) Crawling, creeping; भूतेषु वीरुद्भ्य उदुत्तमा ये सरीसृपास्तेषु सबोधनिष्ठाः (bhūteṣu vīrudbhya uduttamā ye sarīsṛpāsteṣu sabodhaniṣṭhāḥ) Bhāgavata 5.5.21.

2) Movable; सरीसृपं स्थाणु यदत्र दृश्यते (sarīsṛpaṃ sthāṇu yadatra dṛśyate) 5.18.27.

Derivable forms: sarīsṛpaḥ (सरीसृपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—m.

(-paḥ) A snake. E. sṛp to go, irr. reiterative form, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—i.e/ sarīsṛp ([frequentative.] of sṛp), + a, m. A snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—[adjective] crawling, creeping; [masculine] [neuter] a creeping animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप):—[from sarī-sṛp] mfn. crawling, creeping

2) [v.s. ...] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) a creeping animal, reptile, snake, [Ṛg-veda] etc., etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप):—(paḥ) 1. m. A snake; a crab.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sarīsava, Sarīsiva, Sirīsiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarisripa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) [Also spelled sarisrap]:—(a and nm) (the) reptile(s).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sarisṛpa (ಸರಿಸೃಪ):—[noun] = ಸರೀಸೃಪ [sarisripa].

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Sarīsṛpa (ಸರೀಸೃಪ):—[noun] any cold-blooded vertebrate of the classincluding tortoises, turtles, snakes, lizards, alligators, crocodiles, and other extinct forms; a reptile.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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