Sarisripa, Sarīsṛpa, Sari-sripa: 13 definitions



Sarisripa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarīsṛpa can be transliterated into English as Sarisrpa or Sarisripa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sarisrap.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “reptiles” and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhibhautika and its subdivisions (e.g., sarīsṛpas) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhyātmika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Sarī-sṛpa (सरी-सृप) falls under the category of wild beasts (āraṇya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “creeping animals” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, Sītā! Various creeping animals (sarīsṛpa) of different forms (bahurūpa) roam about on earth with pride. Hence dwelling in a forest is a great misery’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Samkhya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) refers to “creeping animals” such as snakes or worms, and represents a division of the animal world (tairyaksarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The tairyaksarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप) denotes in the Ṛgveda, and often later, any “creeping animal” or “reptile”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarisripa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—A serpent; any creeping animal; वनं च दोषबहुलं बहुव्यालसरीसृपम् (vanaṃ ca doṣabahulaṃ bahuvyālasarīsṛpam) Mb.3.2.3; यथा कश्चिद्वनं घोरं बहुसर्प- सरीसृपम् (yathā kaścidvanaṃ ghoraṃ bahusarpa- sarīsṛpam) Mb.12.3.51. -a.

1) Crawling, creeping; भूतेषु वीरुद्भ्य उदुत्तमा ये सरीसृपास्तेषु सबोधनिष्ठाः (bhūteṣu vīrudbhya uduttamā ye sarīsṛpāsteṣu sabodhaniṣṭhāḥ) Bhāg.5.5.21.

2) Movable; सरीसृपं स्थाणु यदत्र दृश्यते (sarīsṛpaṃ sthāṇu yadatra dṛśyate) 5.18.27.

Derivable forms: sarīsṛpaḥ (सरीसृपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—m.

(-paḥ) A snake. E. sṛp to go, irr. reiterative form, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—i.e/ sarīsṛp ([frequentative.] of sṛp), + a, m. A snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप).—[adjective] crawling, creeping; [masculine] [neuter] a creeping animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप):—[from sarī-sṛp] mfn. crawling, creeping

2) [v.s. ...] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) a creeping animal, reptile, snake, [Ṛg-veda] etc., etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sarīsṛpa (सरीसृप):—(vom intens. von sarp)

1) adj. schleichend, kriechend; m. und n. (dieses in der älteren Sprache) ein kriechendes Thier [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 1, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1303.] [Halāyudha 3, 18.] [Ṛgveda 10, 162, 3.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 10, 6. 19, 7, 1. 48, 3.] sarīsṛpaṃ sthāṇu yadatra dṛśyate [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 18, 27.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 22, 29.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 5, 3, 11. 2, 5, 1, 2. 4, 1, 3, 16.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 13, 9.] [Mahābhārata 1, 3587. 7, 1320.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 13, 32 (31 Gorresio). 2, 25, 16 (32 Gorresio). 28, 19 (10 Gorresio). 4, 59, 15. 5, 34, 17.] khagasarpasarīsṛpaprabhṛtayaḥ [Suśruta 1, 4, 21.] sevante yadi sarīsṛpāstṛṇāgrāṇi [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 28, 13. 70, 22.] śeṣādikīṭāntāḥ sarīsṛpāḥ [Sânkhya Philosophy 45.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 6, 12. 10, 39. 5, 20, 46.] am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) [Mahābhārata 3, 49. 12542. 7, 896. 12, 9050. 14, 764.] [Harivaṃśa 15438.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 39, 49.] —

2) m. ein N. Viṣṇu’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 72.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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