Sharika, aka: Śārikā, Sārikā, Sarika, Sarikā, Sārika; 7 Definition(s)


Sharika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārikā can be transliterated into English as Sarika or Sharika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Sārikā (सारिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “shama thrush”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Sārikā is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śārikā (शारिका) or Sārikā (सारिका)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “h. mainā” (Acridotheres sp.); Tn. madana, bat.. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

(Source): Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.


Sārika (सारिक).—A hermit who was a prominent member of the council of Yudhisthira. Mention is made about him in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 13.

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Mathara Brahmana had a daughter, Sharika and a son, Kaushthila. Sharika was very bright student and at times defeated her brother in debate. Kaushthila went to Dakshinapatha to study “Lokayata” philosophy from the teacher Tishya. Mathara married off his daughter Sharika to Tishya. Kaushthila disapproved this marriage and went again to South and studied “Lokayata” philosophy from Maskari Goshala. Sharika and Tishya had a son named Upatishya who mastered “Aindra-vyakarana”.

(Source): The Chronological History of Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śarīka (शरीक).—c ( A) A partner or sharer.

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sārikā (सारिका).—f (S) A bird Turdus salica. Buch. But usually applied to the Myna or Gracula religiosa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārikā (सारिका).—f A bird, usually applied to mainā.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kāla (काल) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Sahasrāgama by Sad...
Śāri (शारि) is the daughter of Māṭhara: a Brāhmin from Rājagṛha according to the Mahāprajñāpāra...
1) Kuṇḍalī (कुण्डली).—One of the children of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 9).2) Ku...
Kuṇḍalinī (कुण्डलिनी) is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinīyoga by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-cent...
Śalākā (शलाका).—Wife of maharṣi Dhanañjaya, who belonged to Vasiṣṭha gotra. (For details see un...
Pratuda (प्रतुद).—1) An epithet of a class of birds (such as hawks, parrots, crows &c.); Ms.5.1...
Kauṣṭhila (कौष्ठिल) is the son of Māṭhara: a Brāhmin from Rājagṛha according to the Mahāprajñāp...
Śālika (शालिक).—1) A weaver.2) A toll, tax.3) A village of artisans.Derivable forms: śālikaḥ (श...
Citrapadā (चित्रपदा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt wi...
Upatiṣya (उपतिष्य), also known as Śāriputra, is the son of Tiṣya and Śāri according to the...
Kalahapriya (कलहप्रिय).—a. fond of (promoting) quarrels; ननु कलहप्रियोऽसि (nanu kalahapriyo'si)...
Urabhra (उरभ्र).—1) A ram, देवि पश्याम उरभ्रसंवादं किं मुधा वेतनदानेन (devi paśyāma urabhrasaṃv...
Prahelikā (प्रहेलिका).—f., [prahelikā] A riddle, an enigma, a conundrum. It is thus defined in ...
Praheli (प्रहेलि).—f., [prahelikā] A riddle, an enigma, a conundrum. It is thus defined in the ...
Sālvika (साल्विक).—The bird called सारिका (sārikā) q. v.Derivable forms: sālvikaḥ (साल्विकः).

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