Sharika, Śārikā, Sārikā, Sarika, Sārika, Sarikā, Śārika, Śarika: 26 definitions


Sharika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śārikā and Śārika and Śarika can be transliterated into English as Sarika or Sharika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sharik.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śārikā (शारिका) refers to the “mynah” as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Śārikā is mentioned in a discusses regarding the reaction of certain insects and other living beings on consumption of poisionous food. The after-effect of intake of poison for Śārikā (mynah) is defined as: “utkrośanti (cry aloud just at the sight of poisoned food)”.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Śārikā (शारिका) refers to the Grackle or Hill myna (Gracula religiosa indica), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sārikā (सारिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “shama thrush”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Sārikā is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Śārikā (शारिका) or Sārikā (सारिका)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “h. mainā” (Acridotheres sp.); Tn. madana, bat.. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sārikā (सारिका):—A bird turdus salica

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sārika (सारिक).—A hermit who was a prominent member of the council of Yudhisthira. Mention is made about him in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 13.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sharika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śārikā (शारिका) is an epithet of Durgā, praised and installed by Pradyumna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Śiva (Tryambaka) said to a certain ascetic: “... and Pradyumna, in order to deliver his son, laid it open, making a door in one place with the peak of a mountain, and he placed Durgā there, under the name of Śārikā, to guard that door, after propitiating her with hundreds of praises”.

Śārikā (or Śārikākūṭa) also refers to the name of a doorway leading to Pātāla (lower regions): “... consequently even now the place is called by the two names of Peak of Pradyumna and Hill of Śārikā (Śārikā-kūṭa). So go and enter Pātāla with your followers by that famous opening, and by my favour you shall succeed there”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śārikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Śārikā (शारिका) is the name of a Goddess belonging to a group of Kashmirian lineage deities (kuladevī or vaṃśadevī), according to the Devīrahasya.—Śārikā resides on the Pradyumna peak in Śrīnagar, also known as the “Śārikā peak,” and is worshipped there in the form of a large stone around which a temple has been constructed. [...] The ritual texts appended to the edition of the Devīrahasya give the mantroddhāra, sahasranāma and other typical elements of the worship of these [Kashmirian lineage deities]. In this text Śārikā is clearly identified as having the form of a stone (śilārūpā) on the Pradyumna hill. Her worship is said to remove the impurity (mala) stemming from such capital offences as the murder of a Brahmin or drinking alcohol, or eating what is forbidden

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Sārikā (सारिका) refers to “mynas”.—Cf. Śukasārikāpralāpana which refers to “training parrot and mynas to speak and sing”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Kamashastra book cover
context information

Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Śārikā (शारिका) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Śārika forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Śārikā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Śārikā (शारिका) refers to “mynas” [i.e., Common myna or Indian myna (Acridotheres tristis)], according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches a pacification ritual]: “[...] All stinging insects, mosquitos, ants, flying insects, bees, quivering bees, bumble bees, worms, ones with a sting, vātālikas, owls, mice, long-mouthed ones and so on and various sorts of pests perish. They will not appear. They will be destroyed. All crows, large birds, sparrows, cañcaṭikas, pigeons, surikas, owls, wagtails, parrots, mynas (śārikā) and so on perish. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Mathara Brahmana had a daughter, Sharika and a son, Kaushthila. Sharika was very bright student and at times defeated her brother in debate. Kaushthila went to Dakshinapatha to study “Lokayata” philosophy from the teacher Tishya. Mathara married off his daughter Sharika to Tishya. Kaushthila disapproved this marriage and went again to South and studied “Lokayata” philosophy from Maskari Goshala. Sharika and Tishya had a son named Upatishya who mastered “Aindra-vyakarana”.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarīka (शरीक).—c ( A) A partner or sharer.

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sārikā (सारिका).—f (S) A bird Turdus salica. Buch. But usually applied to the Myna or Gracula religiosa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārikā (सारिका).—f A bird, usually applied to mainā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका).—

1) A kind of bird (Mar. mainā).

2) A bow or stick for playing any stringed instrument.

3) Playing at chess &c.

4) A chessman, a piece at chess.

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Sarikā (सरिका).—

1) Going, proceeding.

2) A kind of drug (hiṅgupatrī).

3) A woman going.

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Sārikā (सारिका).—[sarati gacchati sṛ-ṇvul]

1) A kind of bird; आत्मनो मुखदोषेण बध्यन्ते शुकसारिकाः (ātmano mukhadoṣeṇa badhyante śukasārikāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.44; सारिकां पञ्जरस्थाम् (sārikāṃ pañjarasthām) Meghadūta 87; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.54.1.

2) A confidante.

3) The bridge of a stringed insrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका) or Śārī.—: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.21.5 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A bird, the proper or hill Maina, (Gracula religiosa;) it is also applied to the small bird usually called Maina in Bengal, (Turdus salica, Buch.) of which several varieties are distinguished by the Hindus. 2. A bow or stick that may be used for playing the Vina or any stringed instrument. 3. A man at chess. E. śṝ to injure, aff. vun .

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Sarikā (सरिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A drug, commonly Hingu-patri. 2. Going, proceeding. 3. A woman going, or moving. E. sṛ to go, vuna aff., fem. form.

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Sārikā (सारिका).—f.

(-kā) A kind of bird, (Turdus Salica, Buch.) but applied also to the Maina, (Gracula religiosa.) E. sṛ to go, aff. ṇvul; also śārikā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका).—i. e. śāri + ka, f. 1. A bird, Gracula religiosa and Turdus salica, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 20, 1 (cf. sārikā). 2. A bow or stick for playing any stringed musical instrument.

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Sārikā (सारिका).—f. A bird, Turdus Salica and Gracula religiosa (cf. śārikā), [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 51; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 83.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārika (शारिक).—[masculine] ā [feminine] = [preceding] [masculine] & [feminine]

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Sārika (सारिक).—[masculine] ā [feminine] a kind of crow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārika (शारिक):—[from śāra] m. ([probably]) a kind of bird (= next), [Vasiṣṭha xiv, 18]

2) Śārikā (शारिका):—[from śārika > śāra] a f. See next.

3) [v.s. ...] b f. a kind of bird (commonly called Maina, either the Gracula Religiosa or the Turdus Salica, also written sārikā, q.v.)

4) [v.s. ...] playing at chess or draughts, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 127 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] a bow or stick used for playing the Vīṇā or any stringed instrument, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a form of Durgā, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman (= śāri), [Buddhist literature]

8) Sarikā (सरिका):—[from saraka > sara] a f. a kind of plant (= hiṅgu-pattrī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a string of pearls, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Sarika (सरिक):—[from sara] mfn. See agre-s

11) Sarikā (सरिका):—[from sarika > sara] b f. See saraka.

12) Sārika (सारिक):—[from sāri] m. (= śārika) the bird Turdus Salica, [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [ib.]

14) Sārikā (सारिका):—[from sārika > sāri] a f. See next.

15) [v.s. ...] b f. (= śārikā) Turdus Salica, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] a confidante, [Vāsavadattā]

17) [v.s. ...] the bridge of a stringed instrument, [???]

18) [v.s. ...] the Vinā of the Caṇḍālas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasī, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārikā (शारिका):—(kā) 1. f. A bird, a mainā; musical bow or stick.

2) Sarikā (सरिका):—(kā) 1. f. A drug, commonly Hingupatri.

3) Sārikā (सारिका):—(kā) 1. f. A kind of bird, Turdus salica; the maina.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sārika (सारिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sāria, Sāriā, Sāriiā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śarīka (शरीक) [Also spelled sharik]:—(d) participating/associating; partnering/ co-sharing, included; —[honā] to participate; to co-share; [śarīke-jurma] an accomplice; [śarīke-rāya] in agreement.

2) Sārikā (सारिका):—(nf) a kind of Indian bird —Turdus Salica (also called [mainā]) famous for its melodious notes.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sarika (ಸರಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a man of equal status, rank, position, relation, etc.

2) [noun] a man of the same age (of another).

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Sarīka (ಸರೀಕ):—

1) [noun] a man of equal status, rank, position, relation, etc.

2) [noun] a man of the same age (of another).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Śarika (शरिक):—adj. 1. participating; 2. affiliated; attached;

2) Sarika (सरिक):—adj. 1. participating; extending assistance or help; 2. included; attached;

3) Sārikā (सारिका):—n. Zool. the bird, mynah;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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