Sharika, aka: Śārikā, Sārikā, Sarika, Sarikā, Sārika; 10 Definition(s)


Sharika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārikā can be transliterated into English as Sarika or Sharika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Sārikā (सारिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “shama thrush”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Sārikā is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śārikā (शारिका) or Sārikā (सारिका)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “h. mainā” (Acridotheres sp.); Tn. madana, bat.. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sharika in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sārika (सारिक).—A hermit who was a prominent member of the council of Yudhisthira. Mention is made about him in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 13.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Sharika in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śārikā (शारिका) is an epithet of Durgā, praised and installed by Pradyumna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Śiva (Tryambaka) said to a certain ascetic: “... and Pradyumna, in order to deliver his son, laid it open, making a door in one place with the peak of a mountain, and he placed Durgā there, under the name of Śārikā, to guard that door, after propitiating her with hundreds of praises”.

Śārikā (or Śārikākūṭa) also refers to the name of a doorway leading to Pātāla (lower regions): “... consequently even now the place is called by the two names of Peak of Pradyumna and Hill of Śārikā (Śārikā-kūṭa). So go and enter Pātāla with your followers by that famous opening, and by my favour you shall succeed there”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śārikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Mathara Brahmana had a daughter, Sharika and a son, Kaushthila. Sharika was very bright student and at times defeated her brother in debate. Kaushthila went to Dakshinapatha to study “Lokayata” philosophy from the teacher Tishya. Mathara married off his daughter Sharika to Tishya. Kaushthila disapproved this marriage and went again to South and studied “Lokayata” philosophy from Maskari Goshala. Sharika and Tishya had a son named Upatishya who mastered “Aindra-vyakarana”.

Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sharika in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śarīka (शरीक).—c ( A) A partner or sharer.

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sārikā (सारिका).—f (S) A bird Turdus salica. Buch. But usually applied to the Myna or Gracula religiosa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārikā (सारिका).—f A bird, usually applied to mainā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका).—

1) A kind of bird (Mar. mainā).

2) A bow or stick for playing any stringed instrument.

3) Playing at chess &c.

4) A chessman, a piece at chess.

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Sarikā (सरिका).—

1) Going, proceeding.

2) A kind of drug (hiṅgupatrī).

3) A woman going.

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Sārikā (सारिका).—[sarati gacchati sṛ-ṇvul]

1) A kind of bird; आत्मनो मुखदोषेण बध्यन्ते शुकसारिकाः (ātmano mukhadoṣeṇa badhyante śukasārikāḥ) Pt.4.44; सारिकां पञ्जरस्थाम् (sārikāṃ pañjarasthām) Me.87; Mb.13.54.1.

2) A confidante.

3) The bridge of a stringed insrument.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārikā (शारिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A bird, the proper or hill Maina, (Gracula religiosa;) it is also applied to the small bird usually called Maina in Bengal, (Turdus salica, Buch.) of which several varieties are distinguished by the Hindus. 2. A bow or stick that may be used for playing the Vina or any stringed instrument. 3. A man at chess. E. śṝ to injure, aff. vun .

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Sarikā (सरिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A drug, commonly Hingu-patri. 2. Going, proceeding. 3. A woman going, or moving. E. sṛ to go, vuna aff., fem. form.

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Sārikā (सारिका).—f.

(-kā) A kind of bird, (Turdus Salica, Buch.) but applied also to the Maina, (Gracula religiosa.) E. sṛ to go, aff. ṇvul; also śārikā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Agresarika (अग्रेसरिक).—m. (-kaḥ) A leader. E. agre in front, and sarika who goes.
Śārikākūṭa (शारिकाकूट) is the name of a doorway leading to Pātāla (lower regions) made by ...
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Śāri (शारि).—m. (-riḥ) 1. A piece or man at chess, draughts Chauper, &c. 2. An elephant’s h...
Sāra (सार) refers to “essence”, symbolically represented by ashes (bhasma) used in ceremonies a...
Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—m. (-mnaḥ) Kama, the Hindu Cupid, reborn as the son of Krishna. by Rukm...
Kuṇḍali refers to a “pickaxe”, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “access...
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Kuṇḍalinī (कुण्डलिनी) is another name for Guḍūcī, a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora c...
Śukta (शुक्त).—mfn. (-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Sour, acid. 2. Pure, clean. 3. Harsh, hard. 4. Lovely. ...
Śalākā.—cf. śalāgai (SITI), name of a coin also called palañ- śalāgai (accu) and śrīyakki-palañ...
Kauṣṭhila (कौष्ठिल) or Koṣṭhila.—q.v. (also Mahā-k°): so read with best mss. at LV 1.14 for Lef...
Pratuda (प्रतुद).—m. (-daḥ) 1. A bird of game, a falcon, a hawk, or rather one that kills or st...
Śālika (शालिक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating or belonging to a hall, to the Sal tree, &c. m....

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