Sarit: 15 definitions
Sarit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Sarit (सरित्) refers to “streams” (viz., in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Even streams (sarit) filled with crocodiles full of mire are difficult to be crossed by rut elephants also. Hence dwelling in a forest is always very much uncomfortable’”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Sarit (सरित्) refers to “deep lakes” [or “rivers”?], according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves [i.e., sarit-sara-samāvṛta]. It contains the ocean of the six planes, and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces (aṭṭāla). It possesses many qualities and wonders. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Sarit (सरित्) refers to “rivers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] Men, reduced to mere bones and as named to beg will be harassed both by their own princes and by the princes of other lands. Some will begin to speak disparagingly of the character and deeds of their own sovereign. Even though there should be indications of good rain, the clouds will yield little rain; the rivers [i.e., sarit] will fall and (food) crops will be found (only) here and there”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Sarit (सरित्) refers to “rivers”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “There are oceans, rivers (sarit), regions [and] guardians of the regions; gathering places, sacred sites, seats [of deities and] the deities of the seats”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Jainism)
Sarit (सरित्) refers to “rivers”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “As the waves of rivers (sarit—saritāṃ yadvad ūrmayaḥ) only go away [and] they do not return, so the former powers of embodied souls that have gone away do not come [again]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
sarit (सरित्) [or सरिता, saritā].—f (S) A river. Ex. saritā kōra- ḍyā karuni samasta || tyāhi bharijētīla amṛtēṃ ||.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sarit (सरित्) [-tā, -ता].—f A river.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sarit (सरित्).—f. [sṛ-iti]
1) A river; अन्यसरितां शतानि हि समुद्रगाः प्रापयन्त्यब्धिम् (anyasaritāṃ śatāni hi samudragāḥ prāpayantyabdhim) M.5.19. A thread, string.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sarit (सरित्).—f. (-rit) 1. A river in general. 2. Thread. E. sṛ to go, iti Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sarit (सरित्).—i. e. sṛ + it (for sarant, ptcple. pres.), f. 1. A river, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 24; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 68, 5 (paramārtha-, Indeed a river). 2. Thread.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sarit (सरित्).—[feminine] stream, river.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sarit (सरित्):—[from sara] f. a river, stream (saritāṃ varā, ‘best of rivers’), the Ganges
2) [v.s. ...] tāṃ nātha, ‘lord of rivers’, the ocean
3) [v.s. ...] tām pati idem, an expression for the number ‘four’ [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
4) [v.s. ...] a metre of 72 syllables, [Nidāna-sūtra]
5) [v.s. ...] a thread, string, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sarit (सरित्):—(t) 5. f. A river in general; thread.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sarit (सरित्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sari, Sariā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+9): Saridbhartri, Saridiccha, Saridvara, Saridvat, Sarinnatha, Sarita, Saritabba, Saritacchadana, Saritaka, Saritamba ghugi, Saritampati, Saritangena, Saritapati, Saritar, Sariteshvara, Saritii, Saritkapha, Saritpati, Saritsagara, Saritsuranga.
Ends with: Amarasarit, Candrabhagasarit, Daivatasarit, Dhusarit, Divyasarit, Dyusarit, Kusarit, Nabhahsarit, Paramarthasarit, Prasarit, Siddhasarit, Surasarit, Svahsarit, Vipashasarit, Vyomasarit.
Full-text (+116): Kusarit, Surasarit, Nabhahsarit, Saritsuta, Saritpati, Dyusarit, Saridvara, Daivatasarit, Sarinnatha, Saria, Amarasarit, Saritsagara, Saritsuranga, Saritkapha, Saridvat, Surasaritsuta, Saritvant, Varivahin, Sarid, Sarinmukha.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Sarit; (plurals include: Sarits). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 4.23.2 < [Chapter 23 - The Story of Sudarcana]
Verse 2.7.7 < [Chapter 7 - Kidnapping of the Calves and Cowherd Boys]
Verse 5.21.3 < [Chapter 21 - The Story of Śrī Nārada]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Foreword to volume 1 < [Forewords]
The history of human sacrifice < [Notes]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.142 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 2.1.135 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Folklore of the Santal Parganas
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.1.56 < [Chapter 1 - Summary of Lord Gaura’s Pastimes]
Verse 2.1.27-28 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Verse 2.10.236 < [Chapter 10 - Conclusion of the Lord’s Mahā-prakāśa Pastimes]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.3.2 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]