Vyanjana, Vyañjana: 16 definitions


Vyanjana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन, “fan”):—In Hindu iconology (śilpaśāstra), this symbol represents the “fanning the spark of knowledge”. It is also one of six items that Agni is displayed carrying. Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods, represents divine illumination

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन, “indication”) refers to one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. The four dhūtas relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

The vyañjana-dhātu is of five kinds:

  1. kala,
  2. tala,
  3. niṣkoṭita,
  4. unmṛṣṭa,
  5. repha,
  6. avamṛṣṭa,
  7. puṣpa,
  8. anusvanita,
  9. bindu,
  10. anubandha.
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन, “consonants”).—The group of letters beginning with ‘ka’, are consonants. ka, kha, ga, gha, ṅa, ca, cha, ja, jha, ña, ṭa, ṭha, ḍa, ḍha, ṇa, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, pha, ba, bha, ma, ya, ra, la, va, śa, ṣa sa and ha constitute the group of consonants.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन).—A consonant; that which manifests itself in the presence of a vowel, being incapable of standing alone; cf.न पुनरन्तरेणाचं व्यञ्जनस्योच्चारणमपि भवति। अन्वर्थे खल्वपि निर्वचनम् । स्वयं राजन्ते स्वराः। अन्वक् भवति व्यञ्जनम् (na punarantareṇācaṃ vyañjanasyoccāraṇamapi bhavati| anvarthe khalvapi nirvacanam | svayaṃ rājante svarāḥ| anvak bhavati vyañjanam) l M.Bh.on I.2.30; cf. also अथवा गतिरपि व्यञ्जेरर्थः । विविधं गच्छत्यजुपरागवशादिति व्यञ्जनम् । उपरागश्च पूर्वपराच्संनिधानेपि परेणाचा भवति न पूर्वेण । (athavā gatirapi vyañjerarthaḥ | vividhaṃ gacchatyajuparāgavaśāditi vyañjanam | uparāgaśca pūrvaparācsaṃnidhānepi pareṇācā bhavati na pūrveṇa |) Kaiyata on P. I. 2. 30; cf. व्यञ्जनं स्वराङ्गम् (vyañjanaṃ svarāṅgam) T.Pr.I.6; cf. also व्यञ्जनसमु-दायस्तु स्वरसंनिहित एव अक्षरं भवति। (vyañjanasamu-dāyastu svarasaṃnihita eva akṣaraṃ bhavati|) Uvvata Bhasya on V. Pr. III.45.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyanjana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन) refers to “side-dishes”, which forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] twelve varieties of side dishes (vyañjana) [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyañjana.—cf. vĕñjanam, viñjanam (SITI), condiment; vegetable relish; condiments and curry in food offerings; cf. vĕñjana-bhaṇḍāram. (CII 1), a letter or an implication. Note: vyañjana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyanjana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vyañjana : (nt.) a curry; a distinctive mark; a consonant; a letter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vyañjana, (nt.) (fr. vi+añj, cp. añjati2 & abbhañjati) 1. (accompanying) attribute, distinctive mark, sign, characteristic (cp. anu°) Sn. 549, 1017; Th. 1, 819 (metric: viyañjana); J. V, 86 (viyañjanena under the pretext); Dhs. 1306. gihi° characteristic of a layman Sn. 44 (cp. SnA 91); Miln. 11; purisa° membrum virile Vin. II, 269.—2. letter (of a word) as opposed to attha (meaning, sense, spirit), e, g. D. III, 127; S. IV, 281, 296; V, 430; A. II, 139 (Cp. savyañjana); or pada (word), e.g. M. I, 213; A. I, 59; II, 147, 168, 182; III, 178 sq.; Vin. II, 316; Nett 4; SnA 177.—vyañjanato according to the letter Miln. 18 (opp. atthato).—3. condiment, curry Vin. II, 214; A. III, 49 (odano anekasūpo aneka-vyañjano); Pv. II, 115 (bhatta° rice with curry); PvA. 50.—Cp. byañjana. (Page 652)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyañjana (व्यंजन).—n S A consonant. 2 The nasal dot over a letter, the dot marking anusvāra or anunāsika. 3 A condiment, sauce, seasoning; a seasoning ingredient generally. 4 Figurative, allusive, insinuating, or suggestive speech; covert intimation; tacit implication. 5 A mark, sign, signal, token, an indication in general.

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vyañjanā (व्यंजना).—f S Metaphorically or covertly signifying; allusive, dark, or tacit intimation or suggestion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyañjana (व्यंजन).—n A consonant. A sauce. A sign.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन).—1 Making clear, indicating, manifesting.

2) A mark, token, sign; सुकुमारं महासत्त्वं पार्थिवव्यञ्जनान्वितम् (sukumāraṃ mahāsattvaṃ pārthivavyañjanānvitam) (rāmam) Rām.3.17.8.

3) A reminder; Māl.9.

4) Disguise, garb; नानाव्यञ्जनाः प्रणिधयः (nānāvyañjanāḥ praṇidhayaḥ) Mu.1; Śi.2.56; तपस्विव्यञ्जनोपेताः (tapasvivyañjanopetāḥ); गृहपतिवैदेहकतापसव्यञ्जनाः प्रणिधयः (gṛhapativaidehakatāpasavyañjanāḥ praṇidhayaḥ) Kau. A.2. &c.

5) A consonant.

6) A mark of the sex, i. e. the male or female organ.

7) Insignia.

8) A mark or sign of puberty; अजातव्यञ्जनः श्रीमान् बालः श्यामः शुभेक्षणः (ajātavyañjanaḥ śrīmān bālaḥ śyāmaḥ śubhekṣaṇaḥ) Rām.3.38.14; बालमप्राप्तवयसमजातव्यञ्जनाकृतिम् (bālamaprāptavayasamajātavyañjanākṛtim) Mb.1.157.35.

9) The beard.

1) A limb, member.

11) (a) A condiment, sauce, a seasoned article; व्यञ्जनानि ओदनार्थानि (vyañjanāni odanārthāni) ŚB. on MS. 1.8.29; अशक्नुवद्भिर्बहुभुक्तवत्तया यदुज्झिता व्यञ्जनपुञ्जराशयः (aśaknuvadbhirbahubhuktavattayā yadujjhitā vyañjanapuñjarāśayaḥ) N.16.14. (b) An article used in seasoning food, spices &c.

12) The last of the three powers of a word by virtue of which it suggests or insinuates a sense; see अञ्जन-ना (añjana-nā) (9) (written vyañjanā also in this sense); विरतास्वभिधाद्यासु यथार्थो बोध्यतेऽपरः । सा वृत्तिर्व्यञ्जना नाम शब्द- स्यार्थादिकस्य च (viratāsvabhidhādyāsu yathārtho bodhyate'paraḥ | sā vṛttirvyañjanā nāma śabda- syārthādikasya ca) S. D.

13) The letter (as opp. to artha 'meaning').

14) A day.

15) A privy part.

Derivable forms: vyañjanam (व्यञ्जनम्).

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Vyañjanā (व्यञ्जना).—

1) See व्यञ्जन (vyañjana) (12) above.

2) Irony, sarcasm.

3) Insinuation.

4) Articulation, utterance of words; हीनव्यञ्जनया प्रेक्ष्य भीतचित्त इवाब्रूवम् (hīnavyañjanayā prekṣya bhītacitta ivābrūvam) Rām.2.64.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन).—nt. (= Pali id.; in Sanskrit defined [Boehtlingk and Roth], [Boehtlingk], consonant and syllable; possibly sound should be substituted for the latter, at least in some cases), (individual) sound; defined Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. ii.239 by akṣara, phonème (varṇa), voyelle et consonne, par exemple a, ā, i, ī, etc.; here and in °na-kāyaḥ (see kāya 2) Mahāvyutpatti 1997 contrasted with nāman, word, and pada, sentence; much more com- monly in contrast with artha, meaning, and regularly in such a context with implication of the ‘letter’ as against the ‘spirit’ (artha, the real meaning) in a sense close to the Biblical usage: arthato vā °nato vā Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 200.6, either in regard to the meaning (spirit) or the letter (Pali also atthato vā °nato vā); in Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xviii.32, commentary, vyañjana- sya is equated with yathārutārthasya, see s.v. ruta (2); na vyañjanā (v.l. °naṃ) bhrasyati (= bhraś°) nāpi cārthā Lalitavistara 444.8 (verse), neither sound(s) nor sense is lost; (saddhar- maṃ…) svarthaṃ suvyañjanaṃ Lalitavistara 3.8, having good meaning and good sound(s); arthena mahyaṃ kāriyaṃ kiṃ bhoti vyañjanaṃ subahukaṃ Mahāvastu iii.60.20 (verse; so mss., with varr.; corrupt, but probably was an āryā line), my concern is with the meaning, what is the use of abundant sound ?; artha-pratisaraṇa as against vyañjana-prati°, Mahāvyutpatti 1546, Bodhisattvabhūmi 175.16, see s.v. pratisaraṇa (1); na vyañjanā- bhisaṃskārārthī, saḥ arthārthī…na vyañjanārthī Bodhisattvabhūmi 256.25; śāstuḥ śrāvakāṇāṃ cārthenārthaḥ padena padaṃ (word, or sentence? see s.v.) vyañjanena vyañjanaṃ saṃ- syandate sameti yad utāgrapadaiḥ Avadāna-śataka ii.142.16; 143.5—6; pada-vyañjanaṃ, dvandva or tatp. ? seemingly tatp. in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 475.3 (yadā…) ito dharmaparyāyād antaśaḥ pada- °naṃ paribhraṣṭaṃ bhaviṣyati, when from this religious text so much as a (single) sound (or letter) of a word (or sentence?) shall be lost; in the others could more easily mean words (sentences ?) and sounds (letters), yāni…pada- vyañjanāni paribhraṣṭāni Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 235.6; na ca yathoddiṣṭaṃ pada-°naṃ paripūrṇaṃ karonti Mahāvastu i.90.3, and they do not make perfect(ly) as intended the sounds of the words (sentences? or, words and sounds, sc. of sacred texts).—See further s.v. vāla-vya°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A mark, a spot, a sign, a token. 2. Paraphernalia, insignia. 3. The beard. 4. A privy, part, either male er female. 5. Sauce, condiment. 6. A consonant. 7. Making clear. 8. A sign of puberty. 9. A limb, a member. nf.

(-naṃ-nā) 1. Figurative expression. 2. Irony, sarcasm. E. vi before añj to make clear, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyañjana (व्यञ्जन).—i. e. vi-añj + ana, I. n. 1. A mark, a sign, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 36; the marks of puberty (hairs of the body), [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 214 (pl.). 2. Paraphernalia, insignia. 3. A beard, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 1, 28. 4. A privy part, either male or female. 5. Sauce, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 15; condiment, [Pañcatantra] 52, 1. 6. A consonant, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 25. Ii. n., and f. , Irony, sarcasm. Iii. f. , The third power of a word, suggestion, Sāh. Darp. 16, 20.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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