Rajanighantu, Rājanighaṇṭu, Raja-nighantu, Rajan-nighantu: 6 definitions
Rajanighantu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)
Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु) is a medical lexicon ascribed to Narahari (later than the 14th C.A.D.). The work is also called Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi or Nighaṇṭurāja. Names of different varieties of herbs are given in the lexicon along with their medicinal properties. The work is divided into 24 sections. The last two sections deal with words with one meaning and words with two meanings respectively. The author quotes several authorities like Halāyudha, Amara, Viśvaprakāśa, in addition to Caraka, Śuśruta and Dhanvantari.
Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु) refers to one of the various Nighaṇṭhus, representing a tradition of Ayurvedic literature.—Rājanighaṇṭu is known by different names such as Abhidhānacūḍāmaṇi, Nighaṇṭurāja and Dravyābhidhānagaṇasaṅgraha. It is a 14th century CE work written by Narahari Paṇḍita. Here the nomenclature of dravyas and their synonyms are given in the basis of rūḍhi, svābhāva, deśokta, lāñcchana, upamā, vīrya and itarāhvaya.
The Rājanighaṇṭu contains 16 chapters. The dietetic aspects are discussed in the sections like śālyādivarga, pippalyādivarga, mūlakādivarga, āmrādivarga, pānīyādivarga, kṣīrādivarga and māṃsādivarga. Śālyādivarga discusses different types of grains and their properties in detail. Pippalyādivarga explains the names and properties of cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper etc. Mūlakādivarga deals different types of root vegetables in detail.Some varieties of fruits are discussed in āmrādivarga. Pānīyādivarga describes different types of water, properties of water based on its source, varieties of sugarcane, honey and beverages. Milk and milk products are discussed in kṣīrādivarga. Māṃsādivarga explains the properties of meats of different animals.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु).—Name of a dictionary of Materia Medica.
Derivable forms: rājanighaṇṭuḥ (राजनिघण्टुः).
Rājanighaṇṭu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(q. v.) by Narahari.
Rājanighaṇṭu has the following synonyms: Abhidhānacūḍāmaṇi, Nighaṇṭurāja.
2) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—a dictionary of materia medica, by Narahari. Cop. 106. Io. 209. 1507. Oxf. 323. L. 566. K. 218. Rādh. 11. Burnell. 71^b. Oppert. 4043. 6931. 8038. Ii, 537. 6599. Peters. 3, 399. Sb. 289. Quoted in Smṛtyarthasāgara.
Rājanighaṇṭu has the following synonyms: Nighaṇṭurāja, Abhidhānacūḍāmaṇi.
3) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—add Oppert. Ii, 8078.
4) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—or abhidhānacūḍāmaṇi by Narahari. Bl. 221. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 43.
Rājanighaṇṭu has the following synonyms: Nighaṇṭurāja.
5) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—glossary, by Narahari, son of Īśvara Sūri. Ulwar 1641.
6) Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—a dictionary of materia medica by Narahari. As p. 161 (and Sūcīpattra.). Bc 439 (Varga 3-16). 487 (2. 11. 12). Bd. 926. Tb. 176.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rājanighaṇṭu (राजनिघण्टु):—[=rāja-nighaṇṭu] [from rāja > rāj] (also called nighaṇṭu-rāja or abhidhāna-cintāmaṇi) m. Name of a dictionary of materia medica (including many herbs and plants) by Harahari-paṇḍita.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Rajan, Raja, Nighantu.
Ends with: Maharajanighantu.
Full-text (+3349): Maharajanighantu, Virudvarga, Aranyaka, Guducyadivarga, Vrikshavarga, Karviradivarga, Rasayanavarga, Mamsadivarga, Simhadivarga, Rogadivarga, Peya, Prithukshupavarga, Panyaushadhi, Panyaushadha, Pushpavarga, Candanadivarga, Bhojyavarga, Anekarthadivarga, Phala, Dharanyadivarga.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Rajanighantu, Rājanighaṇṭu, Raja-nighantu, Rāja-nighaṇṭu, Rajan-nighantu, Rājan-nighaṇṭu; (plurals include: Rajanighantus, Rājanighaṇṭus, nighantus, nighaṇṭus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Fauna (12): Synonyms added by Kṣīrasvāmin < [Chapter 5 - Aspects of Nature]
Post-Amarakośa Lexicographers and Lexicons < [Chapter 1 - Kośa Literature–A Brief Survey]
Daily Life (1): Food and Drinks < [Chapter 3 - Social Aspects]
Jivanandana of Anandaraya Makhin (Study) (by G. D. Jayalakshmi)
Rasa and Gandhaka—The Base of all Medicines < [Chapter 4 - Āyurvedic principles in Jīvanandana Nāṭaka]
Vinaya (3): The Cullavagga (by T. W. Rhys Davids)
Cullavagga, Khandaka 5, Chapter 9 < [Khandaka 5 - On the Daily Life of the Bhikkhus]
Indian Medicinal Plants (by Kanhoba Ranchoddas Kirtikar)