Pratishtha, Pratiṣṭha, Pratiṣṭhā: 41 definitions


Pratishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pratiṣṭha and Pratiṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Pratistha or Pratishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा):—Second of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Mahimā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) earth. The first five from (including Pratiṣṭhā) represent the five kalās. All these eight mātṛs are characterized as carrying a diamond in their hand. They are presided over by the Bhairava Jhaṇṭa and his consort named Aindryā. Mahimā is the seventh of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the earth.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “infusing life into the temple” as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pratiṣṭhā is the process which transforms a mere physical structure into temple.—Kāmikāgama defines pratiṣṭhā as the action of uniting the liṅga (identified with Sadāśiva) with the piṇḍikā (identified with Umādevī). Dīptāgama echoes the same, calling the piṇḍikā, Umādevī and the liṅga, Parameśvara. In the ritual of liṅga-pratiṣṭhā, the energy of Śiva is invoked in the kumbha and transferred to the liṅga in the garbhagṛha. The Lord is then requested to stay and reside in the liṅga “till the sun and the moon and the earth exist”. Since the piṇḍikā is identified with Devī, during Pīṭhapratiṣṭhā, the prayer is for the Devī to reside in the pīṭha till the sun and the moon and the earth exist.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “consecration”, as detailed in the Pratiṣṭhātantra (“Śaiva installation manuals”).—As Sanderson demonstrates in “The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism During the Early Medieval Period” (2009), Tantric Buddhism devised a number of ceremonies in the domain of public religion following the Śaiva models, such as consecration (pratiṣṭhā) and funeral rites (antyeṣṭi). Tantric Buddhist manuals called maṇḍalavidhis teach the details of these public social rituals. These manuals closely resemble the Śaiva Pratiṣṭhātantras and Paddhatis.

2) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to the “installation of a Liṅga”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) refers to the “establishing” (of life), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.14]—“[...] For when [praṇava] is present, life becomes fully established (pratiṣṭhasamyak pratiṣṭhāmeti). The life [of living beings], which is the flow of the in-breath and out-breath, etc., is Ātman. Otherwise, that life would be unestablished, like the wind that drives a bellows. [Praṇava] grasps everything with its constituent parts. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—A female follower of Subrahmaṇya (Śloka 29, Chapter 46, Śalya Parva). (See full article at Story of Pratiṣṭhā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—The installation of deities in temples. According to Agni Purāṇa it is the installation of Śivaliṅga that is called Pratiṣṭhā.

2) Pīṭha is Śakti (Power) and Liṅga is Śiva. It is the union of Śakti in the form of Pīṭha and Śiva in the form of liṅga that is called Pratiṣṭhā. This Pratiṣṭhā is attained by means of Śivamantras. There are five different kinds of Pratiṣṭhās:— Viśeṣapratiṣṭhā. Any pratiṣṭhā in which Brahmaśilā is used in combination is called Viśeṣapratiṣṭhā. Sthāpana. Fixing the liṅga on the pīṭha (platform) is called Sthāpana. Sthitasthāpana. The fixing of the liṅga (idol) on the pīṭha (platform) when the liṅga gets shaky on it is called Sthitasthāpana. Utthāpana. Taking the idol out from the platform and refixing it, is called Utthāpana. Āsthāpana. A pratiṣṭhā in which after the fixation learned priests eonduct purification ceremonies, is called Āsthāpana.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “extraordinary status”, mentioned as one of the potential rewards of Śiva-worship, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] those who desire magnificent buildings, beautiful ornaments, beautiful women, wealth to satiety, sons and grandsons, health, splendid body, extraordinary status (pratiṣṭhā), heavenly happiness and final salvation or profound devotion to the great lord shall duly worship Śiva by virtue of their merit accumulated by them. Sure success will be his who regularly worships Śiva liṅga with great devotion. He will never be afflicted by sins”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Pratiṣthā (प्रतिष्था).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 98.

2) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—A description of the consecration of the liṅga in temples;1 Māgha, Phālguṇa, Caītra, Vaiśākha, and Jyeṣṭha are auspicious months. The auspicious asterisms, planets and lagnas are also mentioned;2 the maṇṭapa should lie on the east or north of the temple, of different measurements. An altar to be located in its centre. It is a temporary structure for performing the consecration ceremony, mantras and music form part of the ritual. The image to be then installed. The qualifications of the sthāpaka the details of the ceremony of worshiping the idol, offerings to the bhūtas in all the three parts of the day: worship in the night time;3 should have dancing and singing as part of the ritual.4 The image of Śiva to face North only;5 then Lokapālas to be consecrated, and appeased with śānti.6 The constituents of arghya and how it is to be offered;7 offering of 40 lights.8

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa ch. 263.
  • 2) Ib. 264. 3-12.
  • 3) Ib. 264. 13-35.
  • 4) Ib. ch. 263.
  • 5) Ib. 266. 4.
  • 6) Ib. 266. 19-65.
  • 7) Ib. 267. 2-22.
  • 8) Ib. 267. 24-28.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.28). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pratiṣṭhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing four syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Pratiṣṭhā is described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of four syllables the second long, is pratiṣṭhā”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to one of the eight Kaula consorts (dūtī-aṣṭaka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Kaula consorts (dūtyaṣṭaka): Nivṛti, Pratiṣṭhā, Vidyā, Śānti, Kāladūtī, Mahārāvā, Rati, Prītikarī.

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to one of the five Kalās mentioned in Śāradātilaka I.26. Kalā represents one of the six adhvans being purified during the Kriyāvatī-dīkṣā: an important Śākta ritual. Dīkṣā is one of the most important rituals of the Śāktas and so called because it imparts divine knowledge and destroys evil.

Source: Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: Tantra Literature of Kerala- Special Reference to Mātṛsadbhāva

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to one of the topics dealt with in the Mātṛsadbhāva, one of the earliest Śākta Tantras from Kerala.—Mātṛsadbhāva is a Kerala Tantric ritual manual dealing with the worship of Goddess Bhadrakālī (also known as Rurujit) along with sapta-mātṛs or Seven mothers. The text is believed to be the first Śākta worship text from Kerala. The text is a summary of Southern Brahmayāmala texts and it systematizes and organizes the Yāmala cult of mothers in twenty-eight chapters. The text includes the topics such as [e.g., pratiṣṭhā, ...] The Mātṛsadbhāva was written based on the South Indian version of Brahmayālatantra. [...]

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “support”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) refers to the “installation” (of a protection at the entrance), according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Then he notices the dvārapāla (guardian of the gate), about which it is said that] [Caṇḍikā] had protected her entrance with an iron buffalo installed in front (abhimukha-pratiṣṭha), which, because of the fact that it had been marked by palms [dyed with] red-sandalwood, seemed to have been stamped by Yama’s hand-prints red with blood, the red eyes of which were being licked by jackals greedy for drops of blood”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to the “installation” (of an image/disciple), according to the 12th-century Vajrāvalī of Abhayākaragupta.—Accordingly, “[...] and [the Ācārya] carries out also the installation (pratiṣṭhā) of an image, etc., like the installation of a disciple (pratiṣṭhā)”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “consecration rites”, as discussed in the twelfth chapter of the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography. Description of the chapter [pratiṣṭhā-lakṣaṇa]:—Kaśyapa asks to know about the sanctification [pratiṣṭhā] rituals for icons. Kapiñjala then outlines the 16 steps of pratiṣṭhā, and this chapter proceeds, then, in an orderly yet detailed fashion, to outline these steps-from making the special maṇḍapa, through all the sanctification rites of the icon, to its being fastened on the pedestal and its investment with divine powers (1-163). Α later section (164-188) tells of the arrangement in the various prākāra-courtyards of the parivāra-deities. Once daily pūjā has been instituted (189-192a et passim) then all who participated in the pratiṣṭhā-rites are rewarded. [This is a good, clear chapter on the subject of pratiṣṭhā—good for a bird’s eye view]

2) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “sanctification ceremonies”, as discussed in the twentieth chapter of the Jayākhyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra Āgama text composed of 4500 verses in 33 chapters dealing with topics such as mantra (formulas), japa (repetitions), dhyāna (meditations), mudrā (gesticulations), nyāsa (concentrations) etc.—Description of the chapter [pratiṣṭhā-vidhāna]:—[...] (Returning to the subject of images), it is pointed out that all images are to be consecrated prior to being enstated in regular worship. The time for this is suggested, and the various preparations which must precede the actual rites are outlined (131b-138a). The steps of the pratiṣṭhā-rites—snapana (138 ff.), netronmīlana (161b ff.), kautukamocana (168 ff.), mantranyāsa (180 ff.), etc.—are given up to the point where first worship of the icon is done (184b-187). [...] The chapter closes by giving certain options about mantras to be used in the pratiṣṭhā-rites (376b-379a), and saying that a properly-installed icon should be carefully protected against the ravages of war and natural disasters, etc. (379b-382a).

3) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “sanctification ceremonies for icons”, as mentioned in the fourteenth chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.—Description of the chapter [prāsādalakṣaṇa-vidhi]: The narrative picks up as Nārada notes that there are several types of pratiṣṭhā-sanctification ceremonies for icons—sthāpana, āsthāpana, saṃsthāpana, prasthāpana and pratiṣṭhā. He then turns to the special procedure for consecrating a karmārcā-icon by means of transferring the vitality of the main image to it. He speaks also of installing subsidiary images. Then he describes the various parts of a temple-compound—[...]

4) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to the “rites of installation”, as discussed in chapter 28 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [pratiṣṭhā-vidhi]: On the next morning the Ācārya and Yajamāna, having arisen and determined that all signs are auspicious, begin the pratiṣṭhā ceremonies (1-2). Installation is going to be done first to the mūlabera. As preliminary to this, vāstuhoma must be repeated by the door of the sanctuary, and thereafter gem-burial ceremonies should be done (3-16). [...] If the pratiṣṭhā-installation is going to be done for several icons [bāhubera], the mūlabera is first taken care of, and then the Ācārya starts the procedure for others by bringing the karmarcā [utsavabera] to the sanctuary and offering it pādya (42b-45). [...]

5) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “consecration ceremonies” (of temple-structures), as discussed in chapter 15 (Kriyākāṇḍa) of the Pārameśvarasaṃhitā: an important Pāñcarātra text of 8700 verses followed closely by the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam—dealing with priestly concerns such as their daily routines, occasional liturgies and expiatory services.—Description of the chapter [pratiṣṭhā-vidhāna]: Sanaka asks about the consecration ceremonies for a temple-structure. Śāṇḍilya commences by pointing out that there are seven types of consecration ceremonies (pratiṣṭhā) according to the mantras used (2-52), or eight types according to the posture of the icon being installed (53-56), or 5 types according to the number of icons to be used in the temple (57-67). Notes are then given on the proper modes of preparing the yāgaśālā (68-156), purifications of the precincts, the preparations of the pots to be used, etc. (157-177). [...]

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to the “installation (of a deity)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “For only the Court Officiant accomplishes for Kings all seen and unseen aims, especially when this Deity is installed, worshipped and so on (pratiṣṭhādevasya pratiṣṭhārādhanādiṣu). Any defectiveness of his (i.e. of the King) is due to the faults of the Court Officiant, and similarly [every] excellence of the same King in [the performance of] rituals [depends on the Officiant], oh Master of the Earth!”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) refers to “being established (in its own essence)”, according to the Pātañjalayogaśāstra (1.2).—Accordingly, “[...] [When] its covering of delusion is destroyed and, shining in every direction, it is penetrated by only Rajas, the [mind] becomes capable of religious activity, wisdom, detachment and power. [When] free from the impurity of [even] a slight trace of Rajas and established in its own essence (svarūpa-pratiṣṭha), [and when it consists of] merely the perception of the otherness of Spirit from Sattva, the [mind] becomes capable of meditation on Dharmamegha”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts (shilpa)

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “consecration ceremonies done to the pīṭha only”, as discussed in chapter 13 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [śūlasthāpana-vidhi]: [...] The ceremonies of “installing” the śūla-frame commence with an abhiṣeka (34-35); this is followed by a circumambulation of the sanctuary with the śūla-pieces before they are taken into the readied interior of the sanctuary (99-100). The actual consecration itself is called sthāpana when śūla-frames are installed in a standing image; āsthāpana when installed in a seated image; saṃsthāpana in a recumbent image; prasthāpana in the vehicle of the Lord; when installation ceremonies are done to the pīṭha only it is called simply pratiṣṭhā (101-104). [...]

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “rituals of installation”

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) is found in one passage of the Atharvaveda, where Zimmer thinks the word is used as a technical term of law; possibly a ‘sanctuary’ may be meant, but it is more than doubtful whether the sense of ‘home’ or ‘abode’, as given by Roth, is not quite adequate. Cf. Jñātṛ.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) (Cf. Pratiṣṭhātantra) refers to “consecration” (of images etc.), according to Kuladatta’s Kriyāsaṃgrahapañjikā, a text within Tantric Buddhism representing a construction manual for monasteries.—Accordingly, [kalaśādhivāsanā, chapter 3]—“If an Ācārya does not have a strong conviction in the Vajradhātu, there is no obstacle to his doing all the rites from purification of the site to consecration (pratiṣṭhā) [of images etc.] with a strong conviction in his own chosen deity”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) is the father of Supārśva according to Śvetāmbara (according to Digambara he is named Supratiṣṭha), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Supārśva is the seventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Pratiṣṭha is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers the “installation of images” commonly found in Jaina iconography.—All these Iconographic marks are prescribed for a Jinai mage in Jaina books on Pratiṣṭhā (or installation of images) written about the late Gupta period. Of these marks, the Dharmacakra symbol seems to be positively of early growth. We find even in the Kushan Jina images the simple representation of a Dharrna-cakra symbol.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) is the name of an ancient king of Vārāṇasī and father of Supārśva, according to chapter 3.5 [supārśva-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now in this Bhāratakṣetra of Jambūdvīpa there is a city Vārāṇasī, the ornament of the Kāśi-country. [...] Its king was named Pratiṣṭha, devoted to justice, the kalpa-tree of celebrity for the worthy, possessing celebrity like Indra. The whole world remained in the shadow of his feet, as he was always unequaled in power, like Meru in size. When he made a tour of conquest in all directions, the sky appeared to be marked with cranes from white umbrellas and with clouds from umbrellas made of peacock-feathers in dense array. [...] The king (Pratiṣṭha) had a wife, named Pṛthvī, like a living earth, the receptacle of virtues, firmness, etc.”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratiṣṭhā.—(EI 11; SII 1; BL; HA), installation, consecra- tion; ceremony of installation or consecration (Ep. Ind., Vol. XII, p. 20). Note: pratiṣṭhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—f (S) Honor, reputation, credit, fame, celebrity. 2 Instalment or inauguration (of a person in a post or an office): consecration of a monument erected in honor of a deity: summoning of the numen or divinity into a new image and establishment of it as an idol in the temple. Hence used to express a residence or dwelling at any place. 3 Airs, swellings, the assumption and display of conceit. v kara, mirava, bāḷaga. 4 Endowing of a temple; portioning and marrying of a daughter; establishing in life &c. 5 S Accomplishment, establishment, fixation gen. pandharā prakāracyā pra0 Puffing one's self up vaingloriously; endless airs and swelling pretensions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—f Honour, reputation. Installa- tion. Airs. Establishment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—1 P.

1) To stand firm, be established.

2) To be supported.

3) To rest or depend upon.

4) To stay, abide, be situated.

5) To set (as the sun); उदेति च यतः सूर्यो यत्र च प्रतितिष्ठति (udeti ca yataḥ sūryo yatra ca pratitiṣṭhati) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.62.11. -Caus.

1) To place firmly on, station.

2) To set up, erect, establish; धुरि प्रतिष्ठापयितव्य एव (dhuri pratiṣṭhāpayitavya eva); M.1.16.

3) To install, inaugurate (on a throne).

4) To entrust with, consign to.

5) To offer, present; पर्यङ्कमग्र्यास्तरणं नानारत्नविभूषितम् । तमपीच्छति वैदेही प्रतिष्ठापयितुं त्वयि (paryaṅkamagryāstaraṇaṃ nānāratnavibhūṣitam | tamapīcchati vaidehī pratiṣṭhāpayituṃ tvayi) Rām.2.22.9.

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Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ).—a.

1) Famous.

2) Standing firmly (Ved.)

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Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—1 Resting, remaining, situation, position; धर्मो विश्वस्य जगतः प्रतिष्ठा (dharmo viśvasya jagataḥ pratiṣṭhā) Mahānār. Up.; अलसचलिताङ्गुष्ठ- शिरसि प्रतिष्ठा त्वय्यासीत् (alasacalitāṅguṣṭha- śirasi pratiṣṭhā tvayyāsīt) Śivamhimna.12. अपौरुषेयप्रतिष्ठम् (apauruṣeyapratiṣṭham) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9; Ś.7.6.

2) A house, residence, home, habitation; अगाधसत्त्वो मगधप्रतिष्ठः (agādhasattvo magadhapratiṣṭhaḥ) R.6.21;14.5.

3) Fixity, stability, strength, permanence, firm basis; अप्रतिष्ठे रघुज्येष्ठे का प्रतिष्ठा कुलस्य नः (apratiṣṭhe raghujyeṣṭhe kā pratiṣṭhā kulasya naḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.25; अत्र खलु मे वंशप्रतिष्ठा (atra khalu me vaṃśapratiṣṭhā) Ś.7; वंशः प्रतिष्ठां नीतः (vaṃśaḥ pratiṣṭhāṃ nītaḥ) K.28; Śiśupālavadha 2.34; असत्यमप्रतिष्ठं ते जगदाहुरनीश्वरम् (asatyamapratiṣṭhaṃ te jagadāhuranīśvaram) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 16.8; अहिंसाप्रतिष्ठायां तत्संनिधौ वैरत्यागः (ahiṃsāpratiṣṭhāyāṃ tatsaṃnidhau vairatyāgaḥ) Pātañjala S.

4) Basis, foundation, site; as in गृह- प्रतिष्ठा (gṛha- pratiṣṭhā); लोकस्य नाभिर्जगतः प्रतिष्ठा (lokasya nābhirjagataḥ pratiṣṭhā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.245.27.

5) A prop, stay, support; (hence) an object of glory, a distinguished ornament; त्यक्ता मया नाम कुलप्रतिष्ठा (tyaktā mayā nāma kulapratiṣṭhā) Ś.6.24; द्वे प्रतिष्ठे कुलस्य नः (dve pratiṣṭhe kulasya naḥ) 3.19; Kumārasambhava 7.27; Mv.7.21.

6) High position, pre-eminence, high authority; किंप्रमाणमिदं काव्यं का प्रतिष्ठा महात्मनः (kiṃpramāṇamidaṃ kāvyaṃ kā pratiṣṭhā mahātmanaḥ) Rām.7.94.23; मया नात्मप्रतिष्ठार्थिना (mayā nātmapratiṣṭhārthinā) Mu.2.5.

7) Fame, glory, renown, celebrity; मा निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शाश्वतीः समाः (mā niṣāda pratiṣṭhāṃ tvamagamaḥ śāśvatīḥ samāḥ) Rām.1.2.15. (= Uttararāmacarita 2.5.).

8) Installation, inauguration; तं गच्छन्त्यनु ये विपत्तिषु पुनस्ते तत्प्रतिष्ठाशया (taṃ gacchantyanu ye vipattiṣu punaste tatpratiṣṭhāśayā) Mu.1.14.

9) Attainment of a desired object, accomplishment, fulfilment (of one's desire); औत्सुक्यमात्रमवसादयति प्रतिष्ठा (autsukyamātramavasādayati pratiṣṭhā) Ś.5.6.

1) Tranquillity, rest, repose.

11) A receptacle.

12) The earth.

13) The consecration of an idol or image; चलाचलेति द्विविधा प्रतिष्ठा जीवमन्दिरम् (calācaleti dvividhā pratiṣṭhā jīvamandiram) Bhāgavata 11.27.13; cf. प्राणप्रतिष्ठा (prāṇapratiṣṭhā).

14) A limit, boundary.

15) The foot; अहोरात्राणि प्रतिष्ठा (ahorātrāṇi pratiṣṭhā) Bṛ. Up.1.1.1.

16) Completion of a vow.

17) A ceremony for obtaining supernaturel or magical powers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) Famous. f.

(-ṣṭhā) 1. Fame, celebrity. 2. The earth. 3. The accomplishment of a religious ceremony or any set of rites, especially those instituted for the attainment of supernatural and magical powers. 4. A form of metre, consisting of a stanza of four lines, of four syllables each: it is also applied to a form of the Gayatri, being a triplet of 8, 7, and 6 syllable lines, making altogether 21 syllables. 5. Place, scite. 6. Staying, standing, fixation. 7. Limit, boundary. 8. Accomplishment, completion, (in general.) 9. Consecration of a monument erected in honour of a deity, or of the image of a deity. 10. Endowment of a temple, portioning or marrying a daughter, &c. 11. Fixity, Strength, firm foundation 12. Prop, support, Stay. 13. Rest, tranquility. 14. A receptacle. 15. High authority, par-eminence. m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) The father of Suparswa, the seventh Jaina pontiff. E. prati before, sthā to stay or stand, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).—i. e. prati-sthā, f. 1. Place, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 14, 27. 2. A firm standing, staying, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 70. 3. Quiet, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 42. 4. The earth. 5. Accomplishment, completion. 6. Fame, celebrity, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 28; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 131, 7. 7. Pre-eminence, Mahābhārata 12, 6690. 8. Erecting the image of a deity, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 1, 124.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ).—[adjective] steady, resisting; [feminine] ā stead, standing-place, support, receptacle, basis, foundation, abode, home; state of rest, quiet, comfort; position, high rank, celebrity, preeminence, accession of a prince.

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Pratisthā (प्रतिस्था).—stand, stay, remain; stand still or firm, be established or founded upon ([locative]); get a place or foothold, thrive, prosper; withstand, resist; spread over ([accusative]). [Causative] set up, erect, fix, support; place in or upon, appoint to ([locative]); present, offer, entrust or commit to ([locative]). anuprati get on, thrive or prosper after ([accusative]).

Pratisthā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and sthā (स्था).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Śāṅkh. B. 1, 192.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा):—[=prati-ṣṭhā] 1. prati-ṣṭhā (√sthā) [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -tiṣṭhati, te to stand, stay, abide, dwell, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to stand still, set (as the sun), cease, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to stand firm, be based or rest on ([locative case]), be established, thrive, prosper, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to depend or rely on ([locative case]), [Vajracchedikā];

—to withstand, resist ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];

—to spread or extend over ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata] :—[Causal] ṣṭhāpayati, to put down, place upon, introduce into ([locative case]), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra];

—to set up, erect (as an image), [Ratnāvalī];

—to bring or lead into ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata];

—to establish in, appoint to ([locative case]), [ib.; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

—to transfer or offer or present to, bestow or confer upon ([dative case] or [locative case]), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to fix, found, prop, support, maintain, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];

—to hold against or opposite, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ):—[=prati-ṣṭha] [from prati-ṣṭhā] mf(ā)n. standing firmly, steadfast, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] resisting, [Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) ending with, leading to, [Jātakamālā]

5) [v.s. ...] famous, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the father of Su-pārśva (who was 7th Arhat of present Avasarpiṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा):—[=prati-ṣṭhā] [from prati-ṣṭha] a f. See next

8) Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ):—[=prati-ṣṭha] [from prati-ṣṭhā] n. point of support, centre or base of anything, [Ṛg-veda x, 73, 6] (pratiṣṭhāhṛdyā jaghantha, ‘thou hast stricken to the quick’; pratiṣṭhā may also be [accusative] [plural] of next).

9) Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा):—[=prati-ṣṭhā] 2. prati-ṣṭhā f. (ifc. f(ā). ) standing still, resting, remaining, steadfastness, stability, perseverance in ([compound]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

10) [v.s. ...] a standpoint, resting-place, ground, base, foundation, prop, stay, support, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a receptacle, homestead, dwelling, house, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. abiding or dwelling in [Raghuvaṃśa; Purāṇa])

12) [v.s. ...] a pedestal, the foot (of men or animals), [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

13) [v.s. ...] limit, boundary, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) [v.s. ...] state of rest, quiet, tranquillity, comfort, ease, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

15) [v.s. ...] setting up (as of an idol etc., [Religious Thought and Life in India 70])

16) [v.s. ...] pre-eminence, superiority, high rank or position, fame, celebrity, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

17) [v.s. ...] establishment on or accession to (the throne etc.), [Harivaṃśa; Śakuntalā; Varāha-mihira; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

18) [v.s. ...] the performance of any ceremony or of any solemn act, consecration or dedication (of a monument or of an idol or of a temple etc.; cf. prāṇa-pr), settling or endowment of a daughter, completion of a vow, any ceremony for obtaining supernatural and magical powers, [Varāha-mihira; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name of the letter ā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

21) [v.s. ...] of sub voce metres, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

22) [v.s. ...] (with prajā-pateḥ) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

23) [v.s. ...] = hrasva, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 2]

24) [v.s. ...] = yoga-siddhi or -niṣpatti, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) a.] Famous, celebrated. m. The 7th Jaina pontiff. f. (ṣṭhā) Fame; earth; accomplishment of a ceremony, consecration of a deity; place; staying; limit; endowment.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paiṭṭha, Paiṭṭhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratishtha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishtha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा):—(nf) prestige, dignity; status; establishment; installation, consecration of an idol in a temple; ~[vāna] enjoying prestige/status, dignified;—[karanā] to instal/establish/consecrate; —[kā praśna] a prestige issue; —[bhaṃga honā] one’s dignity to be violated.

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