Pratishthapana, Pratiṣṭhāpana, Pratishtha-apana: 15 definitions


Pratishthapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratiṣṭhāpana can be transliterated into English as Pratisthapana or Pratishthapana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratishthapan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) refers to the “excellent installation of the phallic image of Śiva”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the excellent installation (pratiṣṭhāpana) of the phallic image (liṅga) of Śiva shall be made devoutly with the mantra “Namaḥ Nīla-grīvāya” (obeisance to the blue-necked)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pratiṣṭhāpanā (प्रतिष्ठापना):—Giving a contrary meaning to a given proposition

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) refers to the “founding of images”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of indradhvaja, of the rainbow and of architecture; of the prediction of events from casual words and gestures and from the cawing of crows; of the formation of zodiacal circles for purposes of horary astrology. It treats of the prediction of future events from phenomena connected with the deer, the dog and the motions of the wind; of the construction of temples, towers and palaces; of the casting of images and of founding the same [i.e., pratiṣṭhāpana]; of the growth of plants and trees; of under currents; of certain annual ceremonies to be performed by princes for success in war. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) or Pratiṣṭhāpanasamiti (also known as Utsarga) refers to “(the care) in regard to sanitation”, and represents one of the five Samiti (“five kinds of carefulness”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who] observes the five kinds of carefulness (samiti) [viz., pratiṣṭhāpana-samiti], [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—n S (prati On, against, sthāpana Fixing). See pratiṣṭhā Sig. II. & V.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—

1) Placing, locating.

2) Installation, inauguration.

3) Consecrating or setting up of an idol.

4) Establishment, corroboration.

-nā Counter-assertion.

Derivable forms: pratiṣṭhāpanam (प्रतिष्ठापनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—(nt.) = Sanskrit °ṣṭhāna, stool (for the feet), in pāda-pra° Lalitavistara 408.19 (prose), corresp. to pāda- pratiṣṭhāna 408.3; both times without v.l.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—n.

(-naṃ) Fixing, placing, locating. E. prati before, sthā to stay, causal v., lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन):—[=prati-ṣṭhāpana] n. fixing, placing, locating

2) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) the erection or consecration of the image of a deity, [Varāha-mihira] (-paddhati f. Name of [work])

3) [v.s. ...] establishment, corroboration, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) Pratiṣṭhāpanā (प्रतिष्ठापना):—[=prati-ṣṭhāpanā] [from prati-ṣṭhāpana] f. counter-assertion, statement of an antithesis, [Caraka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन):—[prati-ṣṭhāpana] (naṃ) 1. n. Fixing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paiṭṭhāvaṇa, Pariṭṭhavaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratishthapana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) [Also spelled pratishthapan]:—(nm) establishment; installation; consecration of the image of a deity; hence ~[pita] (a).

2) Pratisthāpana (प्रतिस्थापन) [Also spelled pratisthapan]:—(nm) replacement, replacing; substitution; ~[pita] replaced, substituted.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthapana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratiṣṭhāpana (ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾಪನ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾಪನೆ [pratishthapane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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