Pratishthapana, Pratiṣṭhāpana, Pratishtha-apana: 15 definitions
Pratishthapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pratiṣṭhāpana can be transliterated into English as Pratisthapana or Pratishthapana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Pratishthapan.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) refers to the “excellent installation of the phallic image of Śiva”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the excellent installation (pratiṣṭhāpana) of the phallic image (liṅga) of Śiva shall be made devoutly with the mantra “Namaḥ Nīla-grīvāya” (obeisance to the blue-necked)”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Pratiṣṭhāpanā (प्रतिष्ठापना):—Giving a contrary meaning to a given proposition
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) refers to the “founding of images”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of indradhvaja, of the rainbow and of architecture; of the prediction of events from casual words and gestures and from the cawing of crows; of the formation of zodiacal circles for purposes of horary astrology. It treats of the prediction of future events from phenomena connected with the deer, the dog and the motions of the wind; of the construction of temples, towers and palaces; of the casting of images and of founding the same [i.e., pratiṣṭhāpana]; of the growth of plants and trees; of under currents; of certain annual ceremonies to be performed by princes for success in war. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) or Pratiṣṭhāpanasamiti (also known as Utsarga) refers to “(the care) in regard to sanitation”, and represents one of the five Samiti (“five kinds of carefulness”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who] observes the five kinds of carefulness (samiti) [viz., pratiṣṭhāpana-samiti], [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—n S (prati On, against, sthāpana Fixing). See pratiṣṭhā Sig. II. & V.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Placing, locating.
2) Installation, inauguration.
3) Consecrating or setting up of an idol.
4) Establishment, corroboration.
Derivable forms: pratiṣṭhāpanam (प्रतिष्ठापनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन).—(nt.) = Sanskrit °ṣṭhāna, stool (for the feet), in pāda-pra° Lalitavistara 408.19 (prose), corresp. to pāda- pratiṣṭhāna 408.3; both times without v.l.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) Fixing, placing, locating. E. prati before, sthā to stay, causal v., lyuṭ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन):—[=prati-ṣṭhāpana] n. fixing, placing, locating
2) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) the erection or consecration of the image of a deity, [Varāha-mihira] (-paddhati f. Name of [work])
3) [v.s. ...] establishment, corroboration, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
4) Pratiṣṭhāpanā (प्रतिष्ठापना):—[=prati-ṣṭhāpanā] [from prati-ṣṭhāpana] f. counter-assertion, statement of an antithesis, [Caraka]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन):—[prati-ṣṭhāpana] (naṃ) 1. n. Fixing.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Pratiṣṭhāpana (प्रतिष्ठापन) [Also spelled pratishthapan]:—(nm) establishment; installation; consecration of the image of a deity; hence ~[pita] (a).
2) Pratisthāpana (प्रतिस्थापन) [Also spelled pratisthapan]:—(nm) replacement, replacing; substitution; ~[pita] replaced, substituted.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Pratiṣṭhāpana (ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾಪನ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾಪನೆ [pratishthapane].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Murtipratishthapana.
Full-text: Paritthavana, Pratishthapanapaddhati, Paitthavana, Murtipratishthapana, Pratisthapan, Samniveshana, Pratishthapan, Pratishthana, Yashti-pratishthanaka, Utsarga, Pratishthapanasamiti, Samiti.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Pratishthapana, Pratiṣṭhāpana, Pratishtha-apana, Pratisthapana, Pratiṣṭha-āpana, Pratiṣṭhā-āpana, Pratistha-apana, Prati-shthapana, Prati-ṣṭhāpana, Prati-sthapana, Pratiṣṭhāpanā, Prati-ṣṭhāpanā, Pratisthāpana; (plurals include: Pratishthapanas, Pratiṣṭhāpanas, apanas, Pratisthapanas, āpanas, shthapanas, ṣṭhāpanas, sthapanas, Pratiṣṭhāpanās, ṣṭhāpanās, Pratisthāpanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Dialectical terms [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Incarnation as Marīci < [Chapter I - Previous births of Mahāvīra]
Part 3: The sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa < [Chapter I]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 6 - Caraka, Nyāya sūtras and Vaiśeṣika sūtras < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Logical Speculations and Terms relating to Academic Dispute < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 8 - The Treatment of Disease (roga-bhishaj-jiti-vimana) < [Vimanasthana (Vimana Sthana) — Section on Measure]