Pratishrutka, Pratiśrutkā, Prātiśrutka: 9 definitions


Pratishrutka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pratiśrutkā and Prātiśrutka can be transliterated into English as Pratisrutka or Pratishrutka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Pratishrutka in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prātiśrutka (प्रातिश्रुत्क).—Places of echo or reverberation viz.chest and others, of sound which gets its origin at the navel but becomes reverberated at chest, throat, top of the month, mouth and nose; cf. तस्य (tasya) (उत्पत्त्याश्रयस्य शब्दस्य (utpattyāśrayasya śabdasya)) प्रातिश्रुत्कानि भवन्ति उरः कण्ठः शिरो मुखं नासिके इति (prātiśrutkāni bhavanti uraḥ kaṇṭhaḥ śiro mukhaṃ nāsike iti), T. Pr. II. 3.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishrutka in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pratiśrutkā (प्रतिश्रुत्का, “echo”).—This phenomenon had already received a name as early as the Yajurveda Saṃhitās and the Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad (iv. 13). For references, see: Taittirīya Saṃhitā, v. 5, 14, 1; Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā, iii. 14, 13; Kāṭhaka Saṃhitā, Aśvamedha, vii. 4; Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, xxiv. 32; xxx. 19.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishrutka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pratiśrutkā (प्रतिश्रुत्का, “echo”) (Cf. Pratiśruta) refers to an “echo (in the midst of the mountains)” and represents one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11. These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. They accepted that dharmas are like an echo (pratiśrutkā). In a narrow valley, a deep gorge or an empty house, when a sound (śabda) or a noise is made, from this sound that is produced another sound arises that is called an echo. The ignorant person thinks that there is somebody who is repeating his words, but the wise person knows that the echo is not due to a third person and that it is solely by a reverberation of the sound (śabdasparśa) that there is a new sound called an echo.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratiśrutkā (प्रतिश्रुत्का) refers to an “echo”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] Gaganagañja said: ‘Quite so, son of good family. Just as an echo (pratiśrutkā) does not really exist and it is merely the perception of sounds, in the same way, [the sound of the dharma coming from] open space does not really exist and it is also the perception of sounds’. Kutūhalajāta said: ‘Son of good family, who perceives this sound? Where is this sound coming from?’ Gaganagañja said: ‘Son of good family, the recognition of knowledge is incomprehensible. We think that it is coming from this open space because of the reflection of our mind. Even though it is neither going nor coming, the resonance of sound still arises’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishrutka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prātiśrutka (प्रातिश्रुत्क).—a. Existing in the echo; यश्चायमध्यात्मं श्रौत्रः प्रातिश्रुत्कः (yaścāyamadhyātmaṃ śrautraḥ prātiśrutkaḥ) Bṛ. Up.2.5.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prātiśrutka (प्रातिश्रुत्क).—[adjective] being in the echo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiśrutkā (प्रतिश्रुत्का):—[=prati-śrutkā] [from prati-śru] f. an echo, reverberation, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) Prātiśrutka (प्रातिश्रुत्क):—[=prāti-śrutka] [from prāti] mf(ī)n. ([from] -śrut) existing in the echo, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratishrutka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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