Pratishruti, Pratiśruti: 9 definitions



Pratishruti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratiśruti can be transliterated into English as Pratisruti or Pratishruti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pratishruti in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति) refers to 1) a “promise”, 2) the sacrificial formula “astu śrauṣṭ” (spoken by the Āgnīdhara priest in reply to the Adhvaryu priest who addresses him by saying “o śrāvaya”) and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 5.135. Pratiśruti is usually called pratyāśruta in sacrificial language. Cf. Satyāṣādhaśrautasūtra 2.1. Cf. also the commentator Mahādeva and Sāyaṇa in his commentary on Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1.6.11.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishruti in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. His wife is named Svayamprabhā according to Digambara. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers (e.g., Pratiśruti) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishruti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति).—f.

1) A promise; इष्टं नः प्रति ते प्रतिश्रुतिरभूद्याद्य स्वराह्लादिनी (iṣṭaṃ naḥ prati te pratiśrutirabhūdyādya svarāhlādinī) N.5.135.

2) An answer.

3) An echo, reverberation; वियद्गतः पुष्पकचन्द्रशालाः क्षणं प्रतिश्रुन्मुखराः करोति (viyadgataḥ puṣpakacandraśālāḥ kṣaṇaṃ pratiśrunmukharāḥ karoti) R.13.4;16.31; Śi.17.42.

4) (Also pratyāśruta) The sacrificial formula "अस्ति श्रौषट् (asti śrauṣaṭ)" spoken by the Āgnīdhra priest in reply to the Adhvaryu priest who addresses him by saying ओ श्रावय (o śrāvaya); cf. 'अस्तु श्रौषडित्याग्नीध्रः प्रत्याश्रावयति (astu śrauṣaḍityāgnīdhraḥ pratyāśrāvayati)' सत्याषाढसूत्र (satyāṣāḍhasūtra) 2.1.

Derivable forms: pratiśrutiḥ (प्रतिश्रुतिः).

See also (synonyms): pratiśrut.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति).—f.

(-tiḥ) A reverberation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति).—[feminine] = [preceding]; echo, resonance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति):—[=prati-śruti] [from prati-śru] f. an answer, [Harivaṃśa; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

2) [v.s. ...] a promise, assent, [Vaitāna-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] = next, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति):—(wie eben) f. Widerhall [Harivaṃśa 4582.] [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 15.]

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Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति):—Antwort [Kāṭhaka-Recension 36, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pratiśruti (प्रतिश्रुति):—f.

1) Antwort.

2) Zusage [Vaitānasūtra] —

3) Widerhall [Śiśupālavadha 17,42.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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