Parshvanatha, aka: Pārśvanātha, Parshva-natha; 3 Definition(s)
Parshvanatha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pārśvanātha can be transliterated into English as Parsvanatha or Parshvanatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)
Pārśvanātha (पार्श्वनाथ) is another name for Pārśva, the twenty-third Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known by the name Pārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 9 hatha (4 hatha equals 1 dhanuṣa, which equals 6 feet), thus, roughly corresponding to 4.1 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Snake.
Pārśvanātha’s father is Aśvasena and his mother is Vāmā according to Śvetāmbara or Varmilā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara.—According to Shrutyavatara of Indranandi, Parshvanatha flourished 250 years before Mahavira (1261-1189 BCE) and lived for 100 years. Therefore, the date of Parshvanatha can be fixed around 1539-1439 BCE. He was the son of King Ashvasena and Vamadevi. Ashvasena was the king of Varanasi.
Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankar, revived the practice of Jainism 1550 years after Arishtanemi and finally, Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara laid strong foundations of Jainism.(Source): academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pārśvanātha (पार्श्वनाथ).—the Jaina pontiff. the 23 rd Tīrthaṅkara (Mar. pārasa- nātha).
Derivable forms: pārśvanāthaḥ (पार्श्वनाथः).
Pārśvanātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pārśva and nātha (नाथ).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 430 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nātha (नाथ).—[nāth-ac]1) A lord, master; leader; नाथे कुतस्त्वय्यशुभं प्रजानाम् (nāthe kutastva...
Pārśva (पार्श्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.54) and represents one of t...
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Lokanātha (लोकनाथ) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvaras...
Jagannātha is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1...
1) Supārśva (सुपार्श्व).—A Kṣatriya King, who was the rebirth of the Asura, Kapaṭa. (Ādi Parva,...
Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ) is the author of the Muktāvalī-ullāsa: a commentary on the Bhāṣāparicched...
Gaṇanātha (गणनाथ).—1) an epithet of Śiva. 2) of Gaṇeśa. 3) the leader of the attendants of any ...
Somanātha (सोमनाथ).—1) Name of a celebrated Liṅga or the place where it was set up; (which by i...
Dinanātha (दिननाथ).—the sun; दिनमणिमण्डलमण्डन (dinamaṇimaṇḍalamaṇḍana) Gīt.; पस्पृशुर्न पृथिवीं...
Raghunātha (रघुनाथ) or Raghunātha Śiromaṇi is regarded as the second great figure of Navya...
Ādinātha (आदिनाथ).—Name of Ādibuddha. Derivable forms: ādināthaḥ (आदिनाथः).Ādinātha is a Sanskr...
Ramānātha (रमानाथ).—epithets of Viṣṇu; Bhāg.1. 55.4. Derivable forms: ramānāthaḥ (रमानाथः).Ramā...
Prāṇanātha (प्राणनाथ).—1) a lover, husband. 2) an epithet of Yama. Derivable forms: prāṇanāthaḥ...
1) Mathurānātha (मथुरानाथ) or Mathurānātha Śukla (17th century) was a dynamic scholar contribut...
Search found 4 books and stories containing Parshvanatha, Pārśvanātha or Parshva-natha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: Invocation < [Chapter II - Previous births of Pārśvanātha]
Part 5: Pārśva’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter IV - The wandering and emancipation of Pārśvanātha]
Part 7: Defense of Prasenajit < [Chapter III - Birth, youth, initiation, and omniscience of Śrī Pārśva]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Vetāla 10: Madanasenā and her Rash Promise < [Appendix 6.1 - The Twenty-five Tales of a Vetāla]
Foreword to volume 7 < [Forewords]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)