Padmini, aka: Padminī; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Padmini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Padminī (पद्मिनी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the fifth, the eighth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru). It is also known by the name Sragviṇī.

⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⎼¦¦

Padminī falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Padminī (पद्मिनी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Sragviṇī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ. This is a peculiar feature of Sanskrit prosody.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

padminī (पद्मिनी).—f (S) pop. padmīṇa f A woman of one of the four classes into which the sex is distinguished, viz. of the first and most excellent. Pr. napuṃsakā- cyā hātīṃ padmīṇa. 2 A lotus, Nelumbium speciosum.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

padminī (पद्मिनी).—f pop. padmīṇa f A woman of the first and most excellent of four. The classes into which the sex is distin- guished. Pr. A lotus, Nelumbium speciosum.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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