Padmini, aka: Padminī; 6 Definition(s)


Padmini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Padminī (पद्मिनी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the fifth, the eighth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru). It is also known by the name Sragviṇī.


Padminī falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Padmini in Chandas glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Padminī (पद्मिनी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Sragviṇī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Padmiṇī (पद्मिणी) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Padmiṇī) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Padmini in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

padminī (पद्मिनी).—f (S) pop. padmīṇa f A woman of one of the four classes into which the sex is distinguished, viz. of the first and most excellent. Pr. napuṃsakā- cyā hātīṃ padmīṇa. 2 A lotus, Nelumbium speciosum.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

padminī (पद्मिनी).—f pop. padmīṇa f A woman of the first and most excellent of four. The classes into which the sex is distin- guished. Pr. A lotus, Nelumbium speciosum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Padminī (पद्मिनी).—

1) The lotus plant; पद्मिनी नक्तमुन्निद्रा (padminī naktamunnidrā) Kāv.4.45; सुरगज इव बिभ्रत् पद्मिनीं दन्तलग्नाम् (suragaja iva bibhrat padminīṃ dantalagnām) Ku.3.76; R.16.68; Me.83; M.2.13; निरास भृङ्गं कुपितेव पद्मिनी (nirāsa bhṛṅgaṃ kupiteva padminī) Bk.2.6.

2) An assemblage of lotus flowers.

3) A pond or lake abounding in lotuses; पुष्पैश्चान्यैः परिक्षिप्तं पद्मिन्या च सपद्मया (puṣpaiścānyaiḥ parikṣiptaṃ padminyā ca sapadmayā) Rām.3.1.6; क्षीणतोयानिलार्काभ्यां हतत्विडिव पद्मिनी । बभूव पाण्डवी सेना तव पुत्रस्य तेजसा (kṣīṇatoyānilārkābhyāṃ hatatviḍiva padminī | babhūva pāṇḍavī senā tava putrasya tejasā) || Mb.7.153.2.

4) The fibrous stalk of a lotus.

5) A female elephant.

6) A woman of the first of the four classes into which writers on erotical science divide women; the रतिमञ्जरी (ratimañjarī) thus defines her:-भवति कमलनेत्रा नासिकाक्षुद्ररन्ध्रा अविरलकुच- युग्मा चारुकेशी कृशाङ्गी । मृदुवचनसुशीला गीतवाद्यानुरक्ता सकलतनु- सुवेशा पद्मिनी पद्मगन्धा (bhavati kamalanetrā nāsikākṣudrarandhrā aviralakuca- yugmā cārukeśī kṛśāṅgī | mṛduvacanasuśīlā gītavādyānuraktā sakalatanu- suveśā padminī padmagandhā) ||

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sthalapadminī (स्थलपद्मिनी).—the shrub Hibiscus Mulabilis. Sthalapadminī is a Sanskrit compound...
Padminīṣaṇḍa (पद्मिनीषण्ड).—a multitude of lotuses; a place abounding in lotuses.Derivable form...
Padminīkānta (पद्मिनीकान्त).—the sun. Derivable forms: padminīkāntaḥ (पद्मिनीकान्तः).Padminīkān...
Padminīkaṇṭaka (पद्मिनीकण्टक).—a. kind of leprosy. Derivable forms: padminīkaṇṭakaḥ (पद्मिनीकण्...
Padminīkhaṇḍa (पद्मिनीखण्ड).—a multitude of lotuses; a place abounding in lotuses.Derivable for...
Padminīvallabha (पद्मिनीवल्लभ).—the sun. Derivable forms: padminīvallabhaḥ (पद्मिनीवल्लभः).Padm...
Padma (पद्म, “lotus”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a ...
Śaṅkara (शङ्कर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Auspicious, propitious, conferring happiness or good fortun...
Śaṅkhinī (शङ्खिनी).—n. of a rākṣasī: Māy 241.13.
Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—m. (-rṣaḥ) The constellation Mrigaśiras: see the last. E. mṛga a deer, an...
Aticāra (अतिचार, “transgression”) refers to one of the four “subsidiary dispositions which caus...
Kṣudraroga (क्षुद्ररोग) refers to “minor diseases”. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categ...
Lodha (लोध).—m. (-dhaḥ) A sort of tree with white or red flowers.: see the next.
1) Sragviṇī (स्रग्विणी) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hema...
Citriṇī (चित्रिणी).—N. for a woman 'endowed with various talents and excellences,' one of the f...

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