Jaratkaru, Jarat-karu, Jaratkāru: 13 definitions



Jaratkaru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jaratkaru in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—A hermit who is Purāṇically famous. Birth. This hermit was born in a Brāhmaṇa dynasty known as Yāyāvaras. He was the only son of Yāyāvaras. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 13). (See full article at Story of Jaratkāru from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—General information. It occurs in Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, about Jaratkāru, the sister of Vāsuki and the wife of hermit Jaratkāru as follows. This devī (goddess) is the daughter of Prajāpati Kaśyapa, born from his mind. So she got the name Manasādevī (goddess born from mind). Some think that she got the name Manasādevī because she is the deity of mind. There are some who imagine that she got the name Manasādevī because she held Śrī Kṛṣṇa Paramātman (the Supreme Spirit) firmly in her mind. This devī had been meditating upon Śrī Kṛṣṇa Paramātmā for three yugas (world-ages) She is known by twelve names.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.38, I.39, I.40, I.45, I.34.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaratkāru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Jaratkaru in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

1) He was a sage. He married the sister of the serpent Vasuki. The lady was also named Jaratkaru. They had a son named Astika. His body was originally huge, but he had reduced it to almost nothing by means of severe penances, and that is how he got his name (Jara=Waste, Karu=Huge). His wife Jaratkaru was also named so for a similar reason [Maha:1.40].

2) She is the sister of the serpent Vasuki. She married a sage, who was also named Jaratkaru. They had a son named Astika, who rescued the serpents when their race was under threat of extinction by King Janamejaya's snake-sacrifice.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Jaratkaru in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु) is mentioned as the husband of Manasā (Goddess of snake).—The legend of Padmāvatī is throughout associated with snakes and she belongs to the Nether Regions or Pātāla. This serpent symbol is well manifest in art and so is her other symbol of lotus, which is responsible for the origin of her name. In Bengal, Padmāvatī with the snake-symbols in worshipped as Manasā, the Goddess of snake and the wife of Jaratkāru. Certain vernecular manuscripts called Padma-purāṇa, Behulā-carita (Vipulā-carita also), give the stories of Behulā, Chand Merchant and Padmāvatī. It is most likely that the connection between the Jaina Padmāvatī and the Brahmanic Manasā originates from the Jaina legends. Jaratkāru, an ascetic, stands for Kaṭha in the Jaina legend and it is he who latterly became one with Śeṣa, the King of Pātāla.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jaratkaru in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—c (The name of a sage.) A term for a thin, meagre, lank, emaciated person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—c A term for a thin, meagre emaciated person.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jaratkaru in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—Name of a great sage who married a sister of the serpent Vāsuki. [One day as he was fallen asleep on the lap of his wife, the sun was about to set. His wife, perceiving that the time of offering his evening prayers was passing away, gently roused him. But he became angry with her for having disturbed his sleep, and left her never to return. He, however, told her, as he went, that she was pregnant and would give birth to a son who would be her support, and at the same time the saviour of the serpent-race. This son was Astika].

Derivable forms: jaratkāruḥ (जरत्कारुः).

Jaratkāru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jarat and kāru (कारु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—m.

(-ruḥ) A celebrated Muni or sage so named. f.

(-ruḥ) The wife of Jaratkaru, the snake goddess Manasa. E. jarat being old, and kāru a maker; a practiser of austerities in old age.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—[masculine] [feminine] [Name] of an ancient Ṛṣi & his wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु):—[=jarat-kāru] [from jarat > jara] m. ([gana] śivādi) Name of a Ṛṣi of Yāyāvara’s family, [Mahābhārata; Brahma-purāṇa ii, 1 and 43]

2) [v.s. ...] f. his wife (sister of the Nāga Vāsuki), [Mahābhārata; Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa ii, 42]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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