Jaratkaru, Jarat-karu, Jaratkāru: 13 definitions
Jaratkaru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—A hermit who is Purāṇically famous. Birth. This hermit was born in a Brāhmaṇa dynasty known as Yāyāvaras. He was the only son of Yāyāvaras. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 13). (See full article at Story of Jaratkāru from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—General information. It occurs in Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, about Jaratkāru, the sister of Vāsuki and the wife of hermit Jaratkāru as follows. This devī (goddess) is the daughter of Prajāpati Kaśyapa, born from his mind. So she got the name Manasādevī (goddess born from mind). Some think that she got the name Manasādevī because she is the deity of mind. There are some who imagine that she got the name Manasādevī because she held Śrī Kṛṣṇa Paramātman (the Supreme Spirit) firmly in her mind. This devī had been meditating upon Śrī Kṛṣṇa Paramātmā for three yugas (world-ages) She is known by twelve names.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.38, I.39, I.40, I.45, I.34.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaratkāru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
1) He was a sage. He married the sister of the serpent Vasuki. The lady was also named Jaratkaru. They had a son named Astika. His body was originally huge, but he had reduced it to almost nothing by means of severe penances, and that is how he got his name (Jara=Waste, Karu=Huge). His wife Jaratkaru was also named so for a similar reason [Maha:1.40].
2) She is the sister of the serpent Vasuki. She married a sage, who was also named Jaratkaru. They had a son named Astika, who rescued the serpents when their race was under threat of extinction by King Janamejaya's snake-sacrifice.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु) is mentioned as the husband of Manasā (Goddess of snake).—The legend of Padmāvatī is throughout associated with snakes and she belongs to the Nether Regions or Pātāla. This serpent symbol is well manifest in art and so is her other symbol of lotus, which is responsible for the origin of her name. In Bengal, Padmāvatī with the snake-symbols in worshipped as Manasā, the Goddess of snake and the wife of Jaratkāru. Certain vernecular manuscripts called Padma-purāṇa, Behulā-carita (Vipulā-carita also), give the stories of Behulā, Chand Merchant and Padmāvatī. It is most likely that the connection between the Jaina Padmāvatī and the Brahmanic Manasā originates from the Jaina legends. Jaratkāru, an ascetic, stands for Kaṭha in the Jaina legend and it is he who latterly became one with Śeṣa, the King of Pātāla.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—c (The name of a sage.) A term for a thin, meagre, lank, emaciated person.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—c A term for a thin, meagre emaciated person.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—Name of a great sage who married a sister of the serpent Vāsuki. [One day as he was fallen asleep on the lap of his wife, the sun was about to set. His wife, perceiving that the time of offering his evening prayers was passing away, gently roused him. But he became angry with her for having disturbed his sleep, and left her never to return. He, however, told her, as he went, that she was pregnant and would give birth to a son who would be her support, and at the same time the saviour of the serpent-race. This son was Astika].
Derivable forms: jaratkāruḥ (जरत्कारुः).
Jaratkāru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jarat and kāru (कारु).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ruḥ) A celebrated Muni or sage so named. f.
(-ruḥ) The wife of Jaratkaru, the snake goddess Manasa. E. jarat being old, and kāru a maker; a practiser of austerities in old age.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु).—[masculine] [feminine] [Name] of an ancient Ṛṣi & his wife.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jaratkāru (जरत्कारु):—[=jarat-kāru] [from jarat > jara] m. ([gana] śivādi) Name of a Ṛṣi of Yāyāvara’s family, [Mahābhārata; Brahma-purāṇa ii, 1 and 43]
2) [v.s. ...] f. his wife (sister of the Nāga Vāsuki), [Mahābhārata; Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa ii, 42]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Jaratkarupriya.
Full-text: Padmapriya, Jaratkarupriya, Yayavara, Astika, Padmavatipriya, Vishadhatri, Jaratkarvashrama, Vasukeyasvasri, Manasa, Manasadevi, Padmavati, Jaratkarava, Astikajanani, Visahara, Jagadgauri, Behula, Katha, Padma.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Jaratkaru, Jarat-karu, Jaratkāru, Jarat-kāru, Jara-tkaru, Jara-tkāru; (plurals include: Jaratkarus, karus, Jaratkārus, kārus, tkarus, tkārus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 12 - On the birth of Āstika < [Book 2]
Chapter 48 - On the anecdote of Manasā < [Book 9]
Chapter 47 - On Manasā’s story < [Book 9]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XXXIX < [Astika Parva]
Section XIII < [Astika Parva]
Section XLVII < [Astika Parva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)