Pancagavya, Pañcagavya, Panca-gavya, Pancan-gavya: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pancagavya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchagavya.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—Five kinds of products of the cow used to bathe Deity.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a compound of five cow-products, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the ceremonial ablution of the phallic emblem (liṅga) with Pañcagavya on Sundays is specially recommended. Pañcagavya is the compound of cow’s urine (gojala), dung (gomaya), milk (kṣīra), curd (dadhi) and ghee (ājya). Milk, curd and ghee can severally be used with honey and molasses. The offering of rice cooked in cow’s milk must be made with the syllable Om”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to “five (products) of the cow” (i.e. milk, curd, butter, urine and dung) and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Pañcagavya is prescribed for holy bath (v. 421).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—A mixture of 5 secretions of the cow for purifying the body;1 milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung of the cow, constituents;2 a panacea for stealing eatables, fruits and flowers, vehicles and beds;3 ablution of image to be installed by.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 56. 6; 57, 5; 60. 17; 62. 8.
  • 2) Ib. 266. 6; 267. 5-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 110. 15.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 44.
  • 4) Ib. 265. 8.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) represents the food (drink) taken in the month Kārttika for the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva. [...] It starts from the month of Mārgaśira. It is observed on the eighth tithi of the dark fortnight and for a year.—In the month of Kārttika the performer should worship Īśana, drinking pañcagavya only once and gets the reward of agniṣṭoma.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: PMC: Relevance of Vṛkṣāyurveda

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a “formulation for nutrition”.—The main ingredients of this formulation are milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine of cow, and hence the name “pañcagavya”, meaning prepared from five ingredients obtained from cow. Some recent studies have shown the benefits of certain formulations such as pañcagavya and kuṇapajala on the growth of plants.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) is the name of a formula used in ancient Indian agriculture (kṛṣi).—Pañcagavya is a mixture of five cow products, is a fermented culture of cow dung, urine, milk, curd and ghee (other ingredients are sometimes added to increase fermentation). Studies have shown that pañcagavya works as a bio-fertilizer, enhancing growth and productivity of crops and increasing resistance to diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Vedanta glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a “product of the five components of cow”:—milk curds, ghee or clarified butter, cow-dung and cow’s urine—a potent inner purifier.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-gavya.—(SITI), same as Tamil āna-añju; the five pro- ducts of the cow, viz., milk, butter, curds, urine and dung. Note: pañca-gavya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcagavya (पंचगव्य).—n (S) Five things derived from the cow,--milk, curds, clarified butter, urine, dung.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcagavya (पंचगव्य).—n Five things derived from the cow-milk, curds, clarified butter, urine, dung.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—the five products of the cow taken collectively; i. e. milk, curds, clarified butter or ghee, urine, and cowdung (kṣīraṃ dadhi tathā cājyaṃ mūtraṃ gomayameva ca).

Derivable forms: pañcagavyam (पञ्चगव्यम्).

Pañcagavya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and gavya (गव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—n.

(-vyaṃ) Five articles derived from the cow; viz. milk, curds, clarified butter, cow’s urine, and cow-dung. E. pañca five, and gavya from gau a cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—n. the five pure things produced by the cow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 165.

Pañcagavya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and gavya (गव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—[neuter] the five (products) of the cow, i.e. milk, sour milk, butter, urine, & dung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oudh. Xix, 82.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—[=pañca-gavya] [from pañca] n. the 5 products of the cow (viz. milk, coagulated or sour milk, butter, and the liquid and solid excreta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—[pañca-gavya] (vyaṃ) 1. n. Five articles de- rived from the cow; milk, curds, butter, dung, and urne.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—(pañcan + 1. ga) n. die fünf Dinge von der Kuh: Milch, saure Milch, Butter, Harn und Koth [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 165.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 263.] [Suśruta 2, 420, 3. 4] [?(vgl. 419, 20). 540, 18. Pañcatantra III, 119. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 59, 9.] snāna [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1106. 1114.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—n. Sg. und Pl. die fünf Dinge von der Kuh: Milch , saure Milch , Butter , Harn und Koth [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,201,22.] ghṛta n. eine best. Mixtur [Rasaratnākara 377.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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