Pancagavya, Pañcagavya, Panca-gavya, Pancan-gavya, Pamcagavya: 24 definitions


Pancagavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchagavya.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—Five kinds of products of the cow used to bathe Deity.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a compound of five cow-products, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the ceremonial ablution of the phallic emblem (liṅga) with Pañcagavya on Sundays is specially recommended. Pañcagavya is the compound of cow’s urine (gojala), dung (gomaya), milk (kṣīra), curd (dadhi) and ghee (ājya). Milk, curd and ghee can severally be used with honey and molasses. The offering of rice cooked in cow’s milk must be made with the syllable Om”.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to “five (products) of the cow” (i.e. milk, curd, butter, urine and dung) and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Pañcagavya is prescribed for holy bath (v. 421).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—A mixture of 5 secretions of the cow for purifying the body;1 milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung of the cow, constituents;2 a panacea for stealing eatables, fruits and flowers, vehicles and beds;3 ablution of image to be installed by.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 56. 6; 57, 5; 60. 17; 62. 8.
  • 2) Ib. 266. 6; 267. 5-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 110. 15.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 44.
  • 4) Ib. 265. 8.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) represents the food (drink) taken in the month Kārttika for the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Kṛṣṇāṣṭamī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva. [...] It starts from the month of Mārgaśira. It is observed on the eighth tithi of the dark fortnight and for a year.—In the month of Kārttika the performer should worship Īśana, drinking pañcagavya only once and gets the reward of agniṣṭoma.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: PMC: Relevance of Vṛkṣāyurveda

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a “formulation for nutrition”.—The main ingredients of this formulation are milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine of cow, and hence the name “pañcagavya”, meaning prepared from five ingredients obtained from cow. Some recent studies have shown the benefits of certain formulations such as pañcagavya and kuṇapajala on the growth of plants.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) is the name of a formula used in ancient Indian agriculture (kṛṣi).—Pañcagavya is a mixture of five cow products, is a fermented culture of cow dung, urine, milk, curd and ghee (other ingredients are sometimes added to increase fermentation). Studies have shown that pañcagavya works as a bio-fertilizer, enhancing growth and productivity of crops and increasing resistance to diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Vedanta glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a “product of the five components of cow”:—milk curds, ghee or clarified butter, cow-dung and cow’s urine—a potent inner purifier.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a “mixture of the cow’s milk, curd, butter, urine and dung”, used as ceremonial ablutions in expiatory rites during an eclipse, according to the Matsyapurāṇa.—Accordingly, “That person, in the lagna of whose nativity an eclipse occurs, ought to bathe in the water purified by mantras and by drugs as prescribed below. On the occasion of the eclipse he shall adorn four Brāhmins with garlands of white flowers and with white sandal paste; he shall fix four pots in four places near each other and he shall bring earth from places frequented by elephants, by horses, by chariots and by cows and from ant-hills and from before the entrance to the palaces of kings as well as from deep waters, and throw the earth into the water pots; he shall also put into the water pañcagavya, pearls, yellow pigment, lotus, the conch shell, a piece of crystal, white sandal paste, mustard seed, ariconuts, the fragrant root of the plant Andropogon muricatus and the resin bdelium (exudation of the Amyris agallowchum); he shall then invoke the Devas into the pots”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to “(purification of) the five cow products” and represents one of the various rituals typically performed as a part of the larger rites, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—Pañcagavya, the full name of which is the pañcagavya-śodhana, “Purification of the Five Cow Products”, where cow’s milk, curd, ghee, urine, and dung are mixed together and traditionally consumed, but in modern times is only sprinkled, usually consisting of a mixture of only the first three and water.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to the “five products of the cow” (suitable for an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān said]: “Now I shall teach the offering manual which is auspicious and can bring about any effect. [...] A bowl should be placed in the middle of the maṇḍalaka. It should be filled with the five products of the cow (pañcagavya), thickened milk and water. Mustard seeds and parched grain should be cast. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-gavya.—(SITI), same as Tamil āna-añju; the five pro- ducts of the cow, viz., milk, butter, curds, urine and dung. Note: pañca-gavya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcagavya (पंचगव्य).—n (S) Five things derived from the cow,--milk, curds, clarified butter, urine, dung.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcagavya (पंचगव्य).—n Five things derived from the cow-milk, curds, clarified butter, urine, dung.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—the five products of the cow taken collectively; i. e. milk, curds, clarified butter or ghee, urine, and cowdung (kṣīraṃ dadhi tathā cājyaṃ mūtraṃ gomayameva ca).

Derivable forms: pañcagavyam (पञ्चगव्यम्).

Pañcagavya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and gavya (गव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—n.

(-vyaṃ) Five articles derived from the cow; viz. milk, curds, clarified butter, cow’s urine, and cow-dung. E. pañca five, and gavya from gau a cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—n. the five pure things produced by the cow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 165.

Pañcagavya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and gavya (गव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य).—[neuter] the five (products) of the cow, i.e. milk, sour milk, butter, urine, & dung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oudh. Xix, 82.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—[=pañca-gavya] [from pañca] n. the 5 products of the cow (viz. milk, coagulated or sour milk, butter, and the liquid and solid excreta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य):—[pañca-gavya] (vyaṃ) 1. n. Five articles de- rived from the cow; milk, curds, butter, dung, and urne.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancagavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancagavya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcagavya (ಪಂಚಗವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the five things derived from the cow milk, curds, clarified butter, urine and dung (held as auspicious).

2) [noun] a mixture of these things.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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