Mahanubhava, Mahānubhāva, Mahānubhāvā, Maha-anubhava: 16 definitions


Mahanubhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Mahanubhav.

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In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Chandas glossary
Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Mahānubhāvā (महानुभावा) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Mahānubhāvā has 12 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 4 and 4 mātrās or 6 and 5 mātrās or 6, 4 and 2 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahānubhāvā (महानुभावा) refers to “she who is full of noble attributes” and is used to describe Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Śiva: “O Śiva, all the gods have come here to submit to you their misery perpetrated mysteriously by Tāraka. O Śiva, the demon Tāraka will be killed only by your self-begotten son and not otherwise. Ponder over what I have said and take pity on me. Obeisance, O great lord, to you. O lord, redeem the gods from the misery brought about by Tāraka. Hence, O lord Śiva, Pārvatī shall be accepted by you and grasped with your right hand. Accept her hand as offered in marriage by the lord of mountains. She is full of noble attributes [i.e., mahānubhāvā]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव) refers to “great power”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then the venerable Śāriputra addressed himself to the Lord: ‘It is a marvelous thing, Lord, the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, being clad in the inconceivable armour, has ridden in the great vehicle during that time. Lord, by such behaviour and such dharma, he was able to obtain the great power (mahānubhāva)’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—a S Composed, mortified, of subdued passions and affections. 2 Applied freely to one eminent for learning, genius, valor &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—n Composed, of subdued passions and affections; applied to one eminent for learning genius and valour.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—a.

1) of great prowess, dignified, noble, glorious, magnanimous, exalted, illustrious; ग्रहीतुमार्यान् परिचर्यया मुहुर्महानु- भावा हि नितान्तमर्थिनः (grahītumāryān paricaryayā muhurmahānu- bhāvā hi nitāntamarthinaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.17; Ś.3.

2) virtuous, righteous, just. (-vaḥ) 1 a worthy or respectable person.

2) (pl.) people of a religious sect in Mahārāṣtra founded by Chakradhara in the 13th century.

Mahānubhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and anubhāva (अनुभाव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Magnanimous, liberal. m.

(-vaḥ) A gentleman. E. mahā great, anubhāva disposition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—adj. pre-eminent, just, virtuous.

Mahānubhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and anubhāva (अनुभाव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव).—[adjective] high-potent or magnanimous; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव):—[from mahā > mah] mf(ā)n. (hān) of great might, mighty, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) [=mahā-nubhāva] [from mahānubhāva > mahā > mah] high-minded, noble-m°, generous, [Ratnāvalī; Kādambarī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव):—[mahā-nubhāva] (vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) a. Magnanimous, liberal. m. A gentleman.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahanubhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव) [Also spelled mahanubhav]:—(nm) a great noble / liberal-minded person; also used as a respectable form of address.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mahānubhāva (ಮಹಾನುಭಾವ):—

1) [noun] greatness; excellence; superiority.

2) [noun] an unparalleled experience of realising the Supreme Self by mystics.

3) [noun] a great, superior or par excellent man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahanubhava in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Mahānubhāva (महानुभाव):—n. a gentleman; an eminent person;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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