Sharavati, Śarāvatī, Sāravatī: 8 definitions



Sharavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarāvatī can be transliterated into English as Saravati or Sharavati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sharavati in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śarāvatī (शरावती).—(River) a mahānadī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Sharavati in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Sāravatī (सारवती) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., sāravatī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarāvatī (शरावती).—Name of a town of which Lava was made ruler by Rāma; (sa niveśya) शरावत्यां सतां सूक्तैर्जनिताश्रुलवं लवम् (śarāvatyāṃ satāṃ sūktairjanitāśrulavaṃ lavam) R.15.97.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sarāvatī (सरावती).—name of a city and river: Divyāvadāna 21.26, 27 (v.l. sarvā°, savārā°). Corresponds to Pali Sallavatī (or Saḷa°, Salala°, ? Salaḷa°), see Vin. i.197.23 with crit. app., and Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) s.v. Salaḷavatī (a form which I do not know in the texts).

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Sāravatī (सारवती).—(1) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 610; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1425.5; (2) in Gaṇḍavyūha 342.2 (prose) dharmakāya-bhedya-sāravatī- dhātu-niryātāṃ, said of a ‘night-goddess’, adept in religion. The word sāravatī seems to qualify dhātu closely, but what the combination means is not clear to me; solid element or the like? Cf. Gaṇḍavyūha 350.25 niḥsattvavatī-dhātu-jñāna- pratilabdho, said of a Bodhisattva, who has attained to knowledge of the unsubstantial element(s), sc. of worldly existence; here too a fem. adj. stem qualifies dhātu in a [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarāvatī (शरावती).—f. (-tī) A river so named. E. śara a sort of grass, matup aff., fem. form, and the final of the first word made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarāvatī (शरावती):—[=śarā-vatī] [from śara] f. (for śara-v) ‘full of reeds’, Name of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Raghuvaṃśa]

3) Saravatī (सरवती):—[=sara-vatī] [from sara] f. Name of the river Vitastā, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) Sāravatī (सारवती):—[=sāra-vatī] [from sāra-vat > sāra] f. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Samādhi, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarāvatī (शरावती):—(tī) 3. f. A river so named.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharavati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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