Laukika: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Laukika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “worldly activities”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Bṛhaspati said to Indra:—“[...] there is the presiding deity of sacrifices who dispenses the fruits of all sacrifices. He does it with reference to the performer. He is not independent of the performer. Neither Mantras nor medicinal herbs, nor black magic, nor worldly activities [viz., laukika], nor the Vedas, nor the two systems of Mīmāṃsās, nor other sacred texts based on Vedic passages are able to know Śiva—so the ancient authorities say. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Laukika (लौकिक).—A class of Manuṣya Pitṛs, as distinguished from Deva Pitṛs; fed in monthly ceremonies; attain this status after duly performing the seven-fold karma;1 their path cannot be known even by tapas, much less seen with mortal eyes; how they benefit by śrāddha in a wide sense; how those who get no śrāddha suffer.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 28. 69-78.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 63-5, 68-79.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Laukika (लौकिक).—Prevalent in common utterance of the people as contrasted with वैदिक (vaidika);cf.यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु कृतान्तेषु (yathā laukikavaidikeṣu kṛtānteṣu) M.Bh.on Āhnika 1.See लोक (loka) above.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (L) next»] — Laukika in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “ordinary perception”, representing one of the two types of pratyakṣa (perception), according to Gautama’s 2nd-century Nyāyasūtra (verse 1.1.3). Pratyakṣa represents the first of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”).

Perception (pratyakṣa) is divided into two types laukika (ordinary) and alaukika (extra-ordinary). Ordinary perception is again divided into two types–savikalpaka (determinate) and nirvikalpaka (indeterminate). Laukika and Alaukika pratyakṣas are based on the way in which the sense-organ come in contact with their object. It is called laukika-pratyakṣa in which there is direct contact of the sense-organ with objects. The ordinary perception (laukika) is caused by ordinary sannikarṣa or sense object contact.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Alexis Sanderson: The Śaiva Literature

Laukika (लौकिक, “mundane”).—One of the five levels of religious injunctions relevant to Śaivas;—Laukika refers to merit-generating brahmanical religious practice directed to the attainment of heaven (svargaḥ), emphasizing the kind of lay Śaiva piety that is seen in the Śivadharma corpus as the means of reaching the highest of the heavens, namely that of Śiva [śivalokaḥ]).

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Laukika.—(laukikaº) (IA 18), abbreviation of laukika-gaṇanayā. Laukika-saṃvatsara is a year of the Laukika era. Note: laukika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laukika (लौकिक).—a (S) Popular, general, familiar from long establishment or extensive prevalence--a custom, practice, usage.

--- OR ---

laukika (लौकिक).—m (S) Celebrity, renown, fame. 2 Notoriety or publicity. 3 Public affairs or public life; secular business or the secular form and state; the world. Ex. hā gṛhastha laukikānta huśāra āhē. laukikānta yēṇēṃ To enter into public life, or into secular business; to begin the world. laukikāvara yēṇēṃ To begin (as in disputations), because foiled or posed, to speak vulgarly and abusively; to descend generally into coarseness and rudeness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laukika (लौकिक).—m Fame; publicity; public affairs. laukikānta yēṇēṃ Enter into public life; begin the world

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—adj. (Sanskrit id.; [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] also like Pali, lokika), with citta, (thought) about the world; said of the Buddha when he concerns himself with the welfare of some person or persons: °kam (137.16 °ka-) cittam utpāditam, or utpā- [Page466-b+ 9] daya(n)ti (subject, a Buddha or Buddhas) Divyāvadāna 63.11 ff.; 77.14 ff.; 137.16; 161.23 f.; in the last contrasted with a Buddha's lokottara (q.v.) citta; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.255.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Mundane, worldly, human, what prevails amongst or is familiar to mankind. f. (-kī) 1. Common, vulgar. 2. Secular, temporal. 3. Customary. n.

(-yaṃ) Any usage or general custom. E. loka mankind, the world, and ṭhaṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—i. e. loka + ika, adj., f. , 1. Relating to worldly things, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117; mundane (opposed to holy), [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 8, 2. 2. Usual, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 184

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—[feminine] ī worldly, popular, ordinary, common, vulgar. [masculine] [plural] ordinary people or men of the world; [neuter] the ways of the world, common usage, [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laukika (लौकिक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] loka) worldly, terrestrial, belonging to or occurring in ordinary life, common, usual, customary, temporal, not sacred (as opp. to vaidika, ārṣa, śāstrīya ; laukikeṣu ind. = loke ‘in ordinary or popular speech’, opp. to vaidikeṣu, [Nirukta, by Yāska]), [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) (ifc.) belonging to the world of (cf. brahma-l)

3) m. common or ordinary men (as opp. to ‘the learned, initiated’ etc.), [Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) men familiar with the ways of the world, men of the world, [Uttararāma-carita]

5) men in general, people, mankind, [Mahābhārata]

6) n. anything occurring in the world, general custom, usage, [Śakuntalā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) a person’s ordinary occupation, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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