Laukika: 27 definitions


Laukika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Laukik.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “worldly activities”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Bṛhaspati said to Indra:—“[...] there is the presiding deity of sacrifices who dispenses the fruits of all sacrifices. He does it with reference to the performer. He is not independent of the performer. Neither Mantras nor medicinal herbs, nor black magic, nor worldly activities [viz., laukika], nor the Vedas, nor the two systems of Mīmāṃsās, nor other sacred texts based on Vedic passages are able to know Śiva—so the ancient authorities say. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Laukika (लौकिक).—A class of Manuṣya Pitṛs, as distinguished from Deva Pitṛs; fed in monthly ceremonies; attain this status after duly performing the seven-fold karma;1 their path cannot be known even by tapas, much less seen with mortal eyes; how they benefit by śrāddha in a wide sense; how those who get no śrāddha suffer.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 28. 69-78.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 63-5, 68-79.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Laukika (लौकिक).—Prevalent in common utterance of the people as contrasted with वैदिक (vaidika);cf.यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु कृतान्तेषु (yathā laukikavaidikeṣu kṛtānteṣu) M.Bh.on Āhnika 1.See लोक (loka) above.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Laukika in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “ordinary perception”, representing one of the two types of pratyakṣa (perception), according to Gautama’s 2nd-century Nyāyasūtra (verse 1.1.3). Pratyakṣa represents the first of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”).

Perception (pratyakṣa) is divided into two types laukika (ordinary) and alaukika (extra-ordinary). Ordinary perception is again divided into two types–savikalpaka (determinate) and nirvikalpaka (indeterminate). Laukika and Alaukika pratyakṣas are based on the way in which the sense-organ come in contact with their object. It is called laukika-pratyakṣa in which there is direct contact of the sense-organ with objects. The ordinary perception (laukika) is caused by ordinary sannikarṣa or sense object contact.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Laukika (लौकिक):—Belonging to or occuring in ordinary world

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Laukika in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Laukika (लौकिक) in Sanskrit (or Loia in Prakrit) refers to “worldly”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Laukika (लौकिक) or Laukikamārga refers to the “worldly path”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.116-125.—Accordingly, “[...] The gods, beginning with Brahmā, also proceed along the Laukika-mārga [i.e., laukikenāpi mārgeṇa]. The God of gods, Virūpākṣa, who is established in the Lokottaramārga, proceeds beyond [the institutes of] sacrifice, giving and asceticism. But those sages who are on that path, delighting in the knowledge of the self, also proceed along the Lokottaramārga, abandoning their bodies. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “ordinary people”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “The ritual procedure called Great Consecration, which is a means for the attainment of all purposes, should be performed for the King, for ministers and all those who are entitled and who wish to rise from their own position to the highest one. [It should also be performed] for the remaining ordinary people (laukika), whatever it is that they desire”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Laukika in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to a “non-Vedic mantra”, according to the Yogayājñvalkya 6.12, 16-6.19ab.—Accordingly, while discussing that yoga was practised by all four castes and women: “In [the practice of] Prāṇāyāma, a learned Brahmin should repeat thrice the Gāyatrī mantra with [an equal number of] oṃs and the [names of the first three of the seven] worlds (i.e., bhūr, bhuvar and svar). He should do thus again thrice at the three junctures [of the day] (trisandhi). Otherwise, the wise Brahmin can always practise with a Vedic or non-Vedic mantra [i.e., laukika], and he should repeat it forty times in Prāṇāyāma. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (shaktism)

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “worldly (rewards)”, according to the 17th century Kaulagajamardana (“crushing the Kaula elephant”) authored by Kāśīnātha or Kṛṣṇānandācala.—Accordingly, [as Īśvara said to Pārvatī]: “Listen, O Pārvatī, I shall give a critique of the Pāṣaṇḍas. Knowing this, a wise man is not defeated by them. [...] He who wears ash from the cremation ground and delights in wine and flesh; he who performs such [rites] as bathing and the junctures for [mere] worldly rewards (laukika-artha); and he who is the vilest [of them all,] having become a hater of Viṣṇu, destroys everything; [all of them] are called Pāṣaṇḍas. [Now,] my dear, hear about the Kāpālika. [...]”

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Alexis Sanderson: The Śaiva Literature

Laukika (लौकिक, “mundane”).—One of the five levels of religious injunctions relevant to Śaivas;—Laukika refers to merit-generating brahmanical religious practice directed to the attainment of heaven (svargaḥ), emphasizing the kind of lay Śaiva piety that is seen in the Śivadharma corpus as the means of reaching the highest of the heavens, namely that of Śiva [śivalokaḥ]).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Laukika (लौकिक) refers to the “mundane point of view” and represents one of the four Siddhānta (“points of view”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 1.—Accordingly: The Buddha preaches the Mahāprajñāpāramitāsūtra to explain the absolute point of view. There are four points of view (siddhānta): [e.g., the mundane point of view (laukika-siddhānta)], [...] In these four points of view (siddhānta) are contained, in its entirety, the twelve-membered scriptures and the eighty-four thousand baskets of the doctrine. All four points of view are true and do not contradict one another: in the Buddhadharma, there are realities of mundane order, realities of individual order, realities of antidotal order and realities of absolute order.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Laukika (लौकिक) refers to “mundane (dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, is the Bodhisattva supported by the presence of the Buddha as unhindered and uninterrupted eloquence (pratibhāna)? Son of good family, there are the Bodhisattvas’ twenty-four sorts of eloquence. What are those twenty-four? [...] 18) eloquence adorned with the congregations of gods; 19) eloquence of cutting off all doubts; 20) eloquence of the mundane (laukika) and transcendental (lokottara) dharma; [...]”.

2) Yamalaukika (यमलौकिक) refers to “inhabitants (of a particular world)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly: “Then the Bodhisattva Apāyajaha addressed himself to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pacify three evil existences’. Immediately after that, a bright light shone from the open space, and the inhabitants of hell, animals, and the inhabitants of Yāma’s world (yama-laukika), all those who were touched by the light were filled with happiness, and so all beings in the three evil existences were pacified. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Laukika.—(laukikaº) (IA 18), abbreviation of laukika-gaṇanayā. Laukika-saṃvatsara is a year of the Laukika era. Note: laukika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laukika (लौकिक).—a (S) Popular, general, familiar from long establishment or extensive prevalence--a custom, practice, usage.

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laukika (लौकिक).—m (S) Celebrity, renown, fame. 2 Notoriety or publicity. 3 Public affairs or public life; secular business or the secular form and state; the world. Ex. hā gṛhastha laukikānta huśāra āhē. laukikānta yēṇēṃ To enter into public life, or into secular business; to begin the world. laukikāvara yēṇēṃ To begin (as in disputations), because foiled or posed, to speak vulgarly and abusively; to descend generally into coarseness and rudeness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laukika (लौकिक).—m Fame; publicity; public affairs. laukikānta yēṇēṃ Enter into public life; begin the world

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—adj. (Sanskrit id.; [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] also like Pali, lokika), with citta, (thought) about the world; said of the Buddha when he concerns himself with the welfare of some person or persons: °kam (137.16 °ka-) cittam utpāditam, or utpā- [Page466-b+ 9] daya(n)ti (subject, a Buddha or Buddhas) Divyāvadāna 63.11 ff.; 77.14 ff.; 137.16; 161.23 f.; in the last contrasted with a Buddha's lokottara (q.v.) citta; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.255.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Mundane, worldly, human, what prevails amongst or is familiar to mankind. f. (-kī) 1. Common, vulgar. 2. Secular, temporal. 3. Customary. n.

(-yaṃ) Any usage or general custom. E. loka mankind, the world, and ṭhaṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—i. e. loka + ika, adj., f. , 1. Relating to worldly things, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117; mundane (opposed to holy), [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 8, 2. 2. Usual, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 184

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक).—[feminine] ī worldly, popular, ordinary, common, vulgar. [masculine] [plural] ordinary people or men of the world; [neuter] the ways of the world, common usage, [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laukika (लौकिक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] loka) worldly, terrestrial, belonging to or occurring in ordinary life, common, usual, customary, temporal, not sacred (as opp. to vaidika, ārṣa, śāstrīya ; laukikeṣu ind. = loke ‘in ordinary or popular speech’, opp. to vaidikeṣu, [Nirukta, by Yāska]), [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) (ifc.) belonging to the world of (cf. brahma-l)

3) m. common or ordinary men (as opp. to ‘the learned, initiated’ etc.), [Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) men familiar with the ways of the world, men of the world, [Uttararāma-carita]

5) men in general, people, mankind, [Mahābhārata]

6) n. anything occurring in the world, general custom, usage, [Śakuntalā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) a person’s ordinary occupation, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Mundane, current, worldly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Laukika (लौकिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Loia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Laukika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Laukika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Laukika (लौकिक) [Also spelled laukik]:—(a) secular; earthly; worldly, mundane; ~[] secularity; earthliness; worldliness; mundaneness; —[vyutpatti] folk/popular etymology; —[saṃskṛta] Classical Sanskrit (as opposed to Vedic); —[sāhitya] secular literature.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Laukika (ಲೌಕಿಕ):—

1) [adjective] worldly; mundane.

2) [adjective] relating to the ordinary, everyday life.

3) [adjective] not spiritual, heavenly.

--- OR ---

Laukika (ಲೌಕಿಕ):—

1) [noun] that which is relating to the physical world.

2) [noun] that which is related to, observed or practised in the ordinary, everyday life.

3) [noun] that which is not to do anything with spiritual or heavenly life.

4) [noun] the common behaviour, likings, taste, opinions, etc. of common people.

5) [noun] a man capable of exercising sound judgement in practical matters; a prudent, practical man.

6) [noun] any profession, occupation engaged in mainly for earning one’s livelihood.

7) [noun] (log.) the knowledge derived from the sense organs, actual experience, etc., used as a proof in upholding an argument.

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Laukīka (ಲೌಕೀಕ):—[noun] = ಲೌಕಿಕ [laukika]2 - 4 & 5.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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