Wisdom Library Logo

Laya, 6 Definition(s)


Laya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

1) Laya (लय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

2) Laya (लय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Laya) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstraVāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Laya (लय) refers to “speech-tempo”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa)

2) Laya (लय) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Laya (लय, “tempo”).—That which is known as completion of metres, syllables and words, is called the Laya or Māna (measure) depending on the variation of timing in Kalās [in its Tāla].

There are three kinds of Laya (tempo) such as quick (druta), medium (madhya), and slow (vilambita). This tempo is made manifest in different Mārgas of songs and playing of instruments, and it is an essential aspect (lit. the soul) of these two (i.e. singing, and playing of musical instruments). In these Mārgas there are, besides, three Yatis related to the tempo.

Source: archive.org: Natya ShastraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Laya (लय).—The dissolution pertaining to Prakṛti; a state in which there is no rain for a century, famine rages and the fire of deluge consumes all spaces, accompanied by violent winds and so on. It is of four kinds; nitya, naimittika, prākṛtika, and ātyantika; deluge, when the universe merges when the guṇas are in a balanced state.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 4. (whole); Matsya-purāṇa 1. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 5. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


laya : (m.) a brief measure of time.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Laya, (cp. Sk. laya: see līyati) 1. a brief measure of time, usually combd with other expressions denoting a short moment, esp. frequent as khaṇa laya muhutta Vin. I, 12; III, 92; A. IV, 137; cp. Dpvs. I, 16 (khaṇe khaṇe laye Buddho sabbalokaṃ avekkhati).—Vism. 136 (īsakam pi layaṃ yantaṃ paggaṇheth’eva mānasaṃ).—2. time in music, equal time, rhythm Dāvs. IV, 50; VvA. 183 (dvādasannaṃ laya-bhedānaṃ vasena pabheda). Laḷati (lal, onomat; . cp. Lat. lallo “lull”; Sk. lalallā; Gr. laλos talkative; lalέw talk; Ger. lallen. The Dhtp distinguishes 2 roots: lal (=icchā) & laḷ (=vilāsa & upasevā)) to dally, sport, sing J. II, 121 (ppr. laḷamānā); VvA. 41 (laḷantī; with kīḷati), 57 (id.).—Caus. laḷeti J. I, 362 (ppr. lāḷentā); Vism. 365; cp. upa° — pp. laḷita: see pa°. (Page 582)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Laya Yoga has been broadly defined in a secondary source as ‘any of various Tantric me...
Sthitalaya (स्थितलय) refers to a “slow tempo”.
Laya Yoga
Meditation is the means in laya yoga. One controls mind through the control of breath, so th...
Tāla (ताल).—Even though each of these options of measurement are elabarated further by the Māna...
Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”).—One of the ten guṇas (merits) of a kāvya (dramatic play);—Des...
Sama (सम, “even”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to...
1) Dakṣiṇa (दक्षिण).—In the “extraneous representation” (āhāryābhinaya) of dramatic plays, the ...
1) Vṛtti (वृत्ति) refers to “styles”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra verse 6.10, there are four s...
Prāsāda (प्रासाद, “temple”).—Temples are compared to the sacred mountains of India. Keeping thi...
Citrā (चित्रा) refers to the fourteenth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the...
Veṇu (वेणु) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭy...
1) Dhruva (ध्रुव).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Man...
Śabda (शब्द, “verbal testimony”).—According to Jaimini, Knowledge of Dharma can be obtained onl...
The Amanaska Yoga is a dialogue between the Hindu God, Īśvara and the sage, Vāmadeva, on a s...
Pāṇi (पाणि).—The Pāṇis relating to songs and playing of instruments, are of three kinds: Samapā...

Relevant text

Search found books containing Laya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.