Laya: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Laya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Laya (लय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

2) Laya (लय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (e.g. Laya) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Laya (लय) refers to “speech-tempo”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, it is part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa)

2) Laya (लय) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

3) Laya (लय) refers to “tempo” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “that which is known as completion of metres, syllables and words, is called the laya or māna (measure) depending on the variation of timing in kalās in its tāla. There are three kinds of laya (tempo) such as quick (druta), medium (madhya), and slow (vilambita). This tempo is made manifest in different mārgas of songs and playing of instruments, and it is an essential aspect (lit. the soul) of these two (i.e. singing, and playing of musical instruments). In these mārgas there are, besides, three yatis related to the tempo”.

4) Laya (लय) refers to the three tempos (quick, medium and slow), used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Laya (लय).—A King of old. He was a member of the court of Yama. (Śloka 21, Chapter 8, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Laya (लय).—The dissolution pertaining to Prakṛti; a state in which there is no rain for a century, famine rages and the fire of deluge consumes all spaces, accompanied by violent winds and so on. It is of four kinds; nitya, naimittika, prākṛtika, and ātyantika; deluge, when the universe merges when the guṇas are in a balanced state.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 4. (whole); Matsya-purāṇa 1. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 5. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Laya (लय) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Laya has 28 mātrās in a line, made with 7 caturmātras not marked by any yati.—All the three [i.e., Laya, Bhramarapada and Upabhramarapada] are tāla-vṛttas and are sung in the tāla of 8 mātrās, with this difference that the beat of the tālā occurs on the 1st mātrā in the first, while it occurs on the 3rd in the other two.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Laya (लय) refers to “withdrawal”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess said: “[...] That great power (mahat) is Viṣṇu and (its) form is energy (śaktibimba) that abides threefold. [...] Satisfaction (of all desires is attained) by means of that nectar and there is no rebirth. I am she who is threefold as emanation, persistence and withdrawal [i.e., sṛṣṭi-sthiti-laya-ātmikā]. I pervade the entire universe and the four types of living beings. Why do you praise (me)? Why do you meditate on me? Who else apart from me has authority? Who are you (heralded thus) with hymns and words (of praise)?”.

2) Laya (लय) refers to “merger”, associated with the deities Raudrī and Maheśvara.—In the Tantrasadbhāva we find the geometric shapes related to the energies, or aspects of the one energy, that constitute the Triangle. [...] These three energies [i.e., Vāmā, Jyeṣṭhā and Raudrī] are the consorts of the gods Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara and manifest as a series of triads. [...] They are also the energies that bring about the initial coming into being (udbhava) of the universe and an expanded state of consciousness followed by emission (viśleṣa) and merger (laya). [...]”.

3) Laya (लय, “merger”) refers to one of the four characteristic features of the Śāmbhava (state), according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 4.57-58.—Accordingly, “Next I will explain something else namely, the characteristic feature of the Śāmbhava (state). Equal (sama), Gone Away (gata), Merger (laya) and Awakening (avabodha) as the fourth—(thus) Śāmbhava is said to be of four kinds”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

laya : (m.) a brief measure of time.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Laya, (cp. Sk. laya: see līyati) 1. a brief measure of time, usually combined with other expressions denoting a short moment, esp. frequent as khaṇa laya muhutta Vin. I, 12; III, 92; A. IV, 137; cp. Dpvs. I, 16 (khaṇe khaṇe laye Buddho sabbalokaṃ avekkhati).—Vism. 136 (īsakam pi layaṃ yantaṃ paggaṇheth’eva mānasaṃ).—2. time in music, equal time, rhythm Dāvs. IV, 50; VvA. 183 (dvādasannaṃ laya-bhedānaṃ vasena pabheda). Laḷati (lal, onomat; . cp. Lat. lallo “lull”; Sk. lalallā; Gr. laλos talkative; lalέw talk; Ger. lallen. The Dhtp distinguishes 2 roots: lal (=icchā) & laḷ (=vilāsa & upasevā)) to dally, sport, sing J. II, 121 (ppr. laḷamānā); VvA. 41 (laḷantī; with kīḷati), 57 (id.).—Caus. laḷeti J. I, 362 (ppr. lāḷentā); Vism. 365; cp. upa° — pp. laḷita: see pa°. (Page 582)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laya (लय).—m f (S) Lingering and gradually fading sound of a musical instrument. 2 m A pause or rest in music. 3 Equal time in music (and in dancing, marching, or stepping). 4 Extinction, absorption, destruction through being swallowed up in or confounded with: consumption, dissipation, destruction or exhaustion through expenditure or use. 5 m n Destruction (reduction into its original state) of the Universe. See notice under utpatti or sthiti. 6 n Attention, absorbedness of mind, the mind as attent or intent. v lāga, hō.

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laya (लय).—a & ad (Vulgar. From laya S in the sense of Extinction or destruction, as a state suited to represent or image forth the conception of a wonderstruck and overwhelmed mind on beholding a magnitude, an extent, or a number utterly overbearing attempt at determination or computation or reasonable conjecture. laya is thus rather an interjection or an ejaculation of laboring emotion agreeing with Prodigious! monstrous! amazing! and, in Maraṭhi, akin to pralaya, anartha, ākānta, julūma &c. The word is dear to the kuṇabīmāḷī class, and is in incessant use.) Very many or very much; exceedingly numerous or abundant: also, as prefixed to an adjective, exceedingly or very; as layamōṭhā, layauñca, layalāmba.

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laya (लय).—f layalūṭa f (Vulgar.) Overflowing abundance; vast quantities; heaps upon heaps, lots, piles.

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lāya (लाय) [or लायलाय, lāyalāya].—ad & f See lahālahā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laya (लय).—m Extinction. A pause in music. m n Destruction of the Universe. n Atten- tion.

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laya (लय).—f Overflowing abundanne.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Laya (लय).—[lī-ac]

1) Sticking, union, adherence.

2) Lurking, hiding.

3) Fusion, melting, solution.

4) Disappearance, dissolution, extinction, destruction; universal destruction (pralaya); लयं या (layaṃ yā) 'to be dissolved or destroyed'.

5) Absorption of the mind, deep concentration, exclusive devotion (to any one object); पश्यन्ती शिवरूपिणं लयवशादात्मानमभ्यागता (paśyantī śivarūpiṇaṃ layavaśādātmānamabhyāgatā) Māl.5.2,7; ध्यानलयेन (dhyānalayena) Gīt.4.

6) Time in music (of three kindsdruta, madhya, and vilambita); किसलयैः सलयैरिव पाणिभिः (kisalayaiḥ salayairiva pāṇibhiḥ) R.9.35; पादन्यासो लय- मनुगतः (pādanyāso laya- manugataḥ) M.2.9; मध्यलम्बितपरिच्छिन्नस्त्रिधायं लयः (madhyalambitaparicchinnastridhāyaṃ layaḥ) Nāg.1.14.

7) A pause in music.

8) Rest, repose.

9) A place of rest, abode, habitation; अलया (alayā) Śi.4.57 'having no fixed abode, wandering'.

1) Slackness of mind, mental inactivity; (also used in adjectival sense; yadā jaye- drajaḥ sattvaṃ tamo mūḍhaṃ layaṃ jaḍam Bhāg.11.25.15.).

11) An embrace.

12) The Supreme Being.

13) The union of song, dance, and instrumental music; गायतं मधुरं गेयं तन्त्रीलयसमन्वितम् (gāyataṃ madhuraṃ geyaṃ tantrīlayasamanvitam) Rām.7.93.15.

14) A swoon.

15) The quick (downward) movement of an arrow.

Derivable forms: layaḥ (लयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laya (लय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Equal time in music and dancing. 2. Adherence, union. 3. Fusion, solution, absorption. 4. Concentration, exclusive devotion. 5. Rest, repose. 6. Mental inactivity. 7. An embrace. 8. Destruction. 9. A house, a dwelling. 10. Sport, pastime. n.

(-yaṃ) 1. The root of the Andropogon muricatum. 2. Loss, destruction. 3. Fusion, melting. E. adhere to, &c., aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laya (लय).—i. e. lī + a, m. 1. Adhering. 2. A house. 3. Sport. 4. Equal time in music and dancing, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 43. 5. Melting; layaṃ yā, To melt away, to vanish, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 4. 6. Dissolution, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 23; 211, 7; destruction. 7. Loss. 8. A pause in music, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 19, 11. 9. Slackness of mind, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laya (लय).—[masculine] dulling or hebetating the mind. [masculine] clinging or adhering to (—°), cowering, hiding, vanishing or entering into ([locative] or —°); absorption, extinction, death; rest, repose; time or pause in music.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laya (लय):—a layana etc. See p. 903, col. 2.

2) Lāya (लाय):—m. (perhaps [from] √li = , to set in motion, throw) a missile, weapon, [Ṛg-veda x, 42, 1] ([according to] to [Sāyaṇa] = saṃśleṣaṇa, hṛdaya-vedhin).

3) Laya (लय):—[from ] b m. the act of sticking or clinging to ([locative case]), [Śiśupāla-vadha] (layaṃ with [locative case], ‘to become attached to any one’ [Kuvalayānanda])

4) [v.s. ...] lying down, cowering, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] melting, dissolution, disappearance or absorption in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Upaniṣad; Kapila] etc. (layaṃgam or ‘to disappear, be dissolved or absorbed’; layaṃ saṃ-√gam, ‘to hide or conceal one’s self’)

6) [v.s. ...] extinction, destruction, death, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (layaṃ, ‘to be destroyed, perish’)

7) [v.s. ...] rest, repose, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. a-laya)

8) [v.s. ...] place of rest, residence, house, dwelling, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] mental inactivity, spiritual indifference, [Kapila; Vedāntasāra]

10) [v.s. ...] sport, diversion, merriness, [Vāsavadattā]

11) [v.s. ...] delight in anything, [Haravijaya]

12) [v.s. ...] an embrace, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] (in music) time (regarded as of 3 kinds, viz. druta, ‘quick’, madhya, ‘mean or moderate’, and vilambita, ‘slow’), [Kālidāsa; Daśarūpa; Pañcatantra] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

15) [v.s. ...] the union of song, dance and instrumental music, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a pause, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

17) [v.s. ...] a [particular] agricultural implement (perhaps a sort of harrow or hoe), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

18) [v.s. ...] a swoon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] the quick (downward) movement of an arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) Layā (लया):—[from laya > lī] f. Name of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] ([varia lectio] jayā)

21) Laya (लय):—[from ] n. the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

22) [v.s. ...] mfn. making the mind inactive or indifferent, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laya (लय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Equal time in music and dancing; embracing; a house; sport. n. Loss; fusion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Laya (लय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Laya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Laya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Laya (लय) [Also spelled lay]:—(nf) rhythm; concord; cadence, melody, tune; fusion, merging; disappearance; destruction, annihilation (of the world); ~[baddha] rhythmic, attuned; —[meṃ] in a rhythmic fashion; measured in tune; ~[hīna] rhythmless; •[karanā] to attune; to mould in a rhythm; —[honā] to be merged; to disappear; to be annihilated.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Laya (लय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Laya.

2) Laya (लय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Laya.

3) Layā (लया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Latā.

4) Lāya (लाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lāga.

5) Lāya (लाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lāva.

6) Lāya (लाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lāta.

7) Lāya (लाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lāja.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Laya (ಲಯ):—

1) [noun] the act of sticking or clinging to or fact of being so.

2) [noun] a crouching or huddling up (from fear or cold); a cowering.

3) [noun] the state of being destructed completely; destruction; ruin.

4) [noun] the Great Deluge; the dissolution of the universe.

5) [noun] the condition of being occupied with or absorbed completely in (something); total absorption.

6) [noun] a shelter that offers protction.

7) [noun] a lying on the ground, mat, bed, etc. stretching the body.

8) [noun] a rhythmical movement.

9) [noun] (mus.) the time that a unit of tāḷa (time) takes.

10) [noun] (pros.) the rhythm that is followed in versification (sometimes even in prose writing also).

11) [noun] the fact of the physical and mental faculties becoming one as to result in complete absorption.

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Lāya (ಲಾಯ):—[noun] a building in which horses are sheltered and fed; a stable.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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