Lavali, Lavalī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Lavali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Lavalī (लवली) is a Sanskrit word for Phyllanthus distichus (West India gooseberry), identified by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note: Phyllanthus distichus is a synonym of Phyllanthus acidus.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as lavalī) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Lavalī (लवली) refers to Averrhoa acida (synonym of Phyllanthus acidus), the fruit of which is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., fruit of lavalī (Averrhoa acida)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bakula fruit (Mimusops elengi)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Lavalī (लवली) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Lavalī has 9 mātrās in a line, made up by a pañcamātra and a caturmātra, having the caturmātra-gaṇa at the end.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Lavali (लवलि) refers to a kind of plant, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “[...] the King [Bharata] established his soldiers on the southern ocean’s bank [i.e., near Varadāma-tīrtha], which was covered with cardamon, clove-trees, lavali-creepers and kakkola plants. At the Cakravartin’s command, the carpenter made houses for all the army and a pauṣadha-house as before”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lavalī (लवली).—f S A tree. See the popular name harapara- rēvaḍī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lavalī (लवली).—A kind of creeper; मया लब्धः पाणिर्ललितलबलीकन्दलनिभः (mayā labdhaḥ pāṇirlalitalabalīkandalanibhaḥ) U.3.4; निचयिनि लवलीलताविकासे (nicayini lavalīlatāvikāse) Ki.1.29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavalī (लवली).—f. (-lī) A kind of tree, (Averrhoa acida.) “noyāḍa gācha .”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavalī (लवली).—f. A kind of creeper, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 146.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavali (लवलि).—[feminine] [Name] of a plant.

--- OR ---

Lavalī (लवली).—[feminine] [Name] of a plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lavali (लवलि):—f. Averrhoa Acida, [Viddhaśālabhañjikā]

2) Lavalī (लवली):—[from lavali] f. idem, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Vāsavadattā; Bhāvaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

4) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) Name of a woman (See next).

5) Lāvalī (लावली):—f. a species of myrobalan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Lavalī (लवली):—f.

1) Averrhoa acida Lin. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta.1,214,1.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 27,4.] [Oxforder Handschriften 72,a,26] (vgl. [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 351,] [Nalopākhyāna 11]). phala [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 166.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 350. fg.] phalapāṇḍura [Vikramorvaśī 146.] —

2) ein best. Metrum [Colebrooke II, 165] [?(VII, 3.). Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 349. fgg.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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