Lavanaka, Lāvāṇaka, Lāvaṇaka, Lavaṇaka, Lavāṇaka, Lavānaka, Lāvānaka: 13 definitions



Lavanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Lavanaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक) is the name of a district near the kingdom of Magadha, to which Udayana (king of Vatsa) was lured in order to deceive him, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15. Accordingly, Yaugandharāyaṇa, Gopālaka and Rumaṇvat said to each other: “Let us adopt the artifice of going to Lāvāṇaka with the king and queen, for that district is a border district near the kingdom of Magadha. And because it contains admirable hunting-grounds, it will tempt the king to absent himself from the palace, so we can set the women’s apartments there on fire and carry out the plan.”

Lāvāṇaka is also the name of the third book of the same work for much of the events from those chapters play out at this district.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Lāvāṇaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Svapnavāsavadattā (“The dream of Vāsavadattā”)

Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक) is the name of a village in the Vatsa country and it was well-known for specialization in Vedic learning. It was in this village that a rumour was spread that both Vāsavadattā and Yaugandharāyaṇa had perished in the fire while the king was away on hunting.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Lavanaka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Lāvānaka (लावानक).—(LĀVĀṆAKA). A place of Purāṇic fame near the country of Magadha. There are many forests in this place suitable for hunting and so several kings used to come and stay at Lāvānaka in times of old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Lavaṇaka (लवणक) in Sanskrit and Loṇaya in Prakrit refers to a plant species, the ashes of which are said to yield natron. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., lavaṇaka) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Lāvaṇaka (लावणक) refers to a division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. They are called Bhāratakas, Jambūdvīpyas, Lāvaṇakas, etc., from divisions with reference to zones, continents, and oceans. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: The Ratnavali (geography)

Lāvaṇaka (लावणक) or Lāvāṇaka or Lāvaṇika as mentioned in the kathāsaritsāgara, was a district near Maghadha or Modern Behar. But no particular place can now be traced in the Maps for Lavanaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lavāṇaka (लवाणक).—A sickle, scythe.

Derivable forms: lavāṇakaḥ (लवाणकः).

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Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक) or Lavānaka (लवानक).—[lū-ānakaḥ Un.3.84] Name of a district near Magadha.

Derivable forms: lāvāṇakaḥ (लावाणकः), lavānakaḥ (लवानकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavāṇaka (लवाणक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A sickle, a reaping-hook. E. to cut, āṇaka Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lāvaṇaka (लावणक).—[substantive] [Name] of a place.

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Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक).—[masculine] = lāvaṇaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lavānaka (लवानक):—[from lava] m. an implement for cutting, sickle reaping-hook etc., [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 83 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Lāvaṇaka (लावणक):—m. or n. Name of a place, [Ratnāvalī]

3) Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक):—[from lāvaṇaka] m. Name of a district adjacent to Magadha, [Kathāsaritsāgara] (sometimes written lāvān)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the 3rd Lambaka of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavāṇaka (लवाणक):—[lavā+ṇaka] (kaṃ) 1. n. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Lavāṇaka (लवाणक):—(von ) [Uṇādisūtra 3, 83.] m. ein Werkzeug zum Schneiden, Sichel [UJJVAL.]

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Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक):—m.

1) Nomen proprium einer an Magadha grenzenden Oertlichkeit [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 119. 19, 118. 44, 45. 166. 170] (an den drei letzten Stellen fälschlich lāvānaka gedr.). —

2) Name des 3ten Lambaka im Kathāsaritsāgara [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 4. 20] in der Unterschr.

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Lāvānaka (लावानक):—s. u. lāvāṇaka 1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Lavāṇaka (लवाणक):—m. ein Werkzeug zum Schneiden , Sichel.

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Lāvaṇaka (लावणक):—Nomen proprium einer Oertlichkeit [325,1.328,5.] Vgl. lāvāṇaka.

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Lāvāṇaka (लावाणक):—m.

1) Nomen proprium einer Oertlichkeit. Vgl. lāvaṇaka. —

2) Titel des dritten Lambaka im Kathāsaritsāgara.

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Lāvānaka (लावानक):—fehlerhaft für lāvāṇaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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