Anjana, aka: Añjana, Anjanā, Añjanā, Āñjana; 20 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Añjana (अञ्जन, “collyrium”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Añjana represents Galena (commonly known as ‘lead glance’) which is the natural mineral form of lead sulfide.

Añjana has the following five varieties:

  1. Sauvīrāñjana (smokey color),
  2. Rasāñjana (yellowish color),
  3. Srotoñjana/Srotāñjana (greasy appearance),
  4. Puṣpāñjana (white color)
  5. and Nīlāñjana (smooth appearance).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Añjana (collyrium).—Five types of Añjanas are described.

  1. Sauvīrāñjana,
  2. Rasāñjana,
  3. Srotoñjana (Srotāñjana ?),
  4. Puṣpāñjana,
  5. Nīlāñjana.
(Source): Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Añjana (collyrium):—In ancient India the recipes for making various añjanas are strange and numerous. In the Suśruta Saṃhitā of the first century either b.c. or a.d. (Bhiṣagratna’s trans., Calcutta) there are many, of which the following is an example.

(Source): archive.org: The ocean of story, vol. 1
Kathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

Añjana (अञ्जन).—One of the eight rākṣasas facing the eight vasus in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Añjana (अञ्जन) refers to a type of collyrium and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Añjana is recommended as an offering for the goddesses (verses 334, 494, 761). Some processes of decoration like rubbing the body with emollient unguents (udvartana), anointing it with unguents (utsādana) and applying sandle-paste etc. after bath (anulepana) are referred to.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1a) Añjana (अञ्जन).—The son of Irāvati, the elephant of golden colour; belonging to the fold of Vāmadeva Sāma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 292, 327 & 339.

1b) A Sāman.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 343.

1c) Mountain a hill west of the Sitoda;1 residence of the Uragas;2 famous for elephant forests.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 28.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 59.
  • 3) Ib. 69. 238.

1d) A son of Kṛti. Father of Kurujit.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.

1e) Sons of Kallolaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 442.

2) Añjanā (अञ्जना).—A daughter of Kuñjara and queen of Kesari. Loved by Vāyu, gave birth to Hanumān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 224-5.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Anjanā (अंजना): Mother of Hanumāna

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Galena (or sulphide of lead) is called Añjana or Sauvirāñjana in Sanskrit, and kṛṣṇa-surmā in Vernacular. It is called Añjana, which literally meaus collyrium or medicine for the eyes, from the circumstance of its being considered the best application or cosmetic for them. The other varieties of Añjana mentioned are Srotoñjana, Puṣpāñjana and Rasāñjana.

(Source): Chest of Books: Galena

Añjana:—Act of applying an ointment or pigment, embellishing, etc., black pigment or collyrium applied to the eyelashes or the inner coat of the eyelids.

(Source): Sanskrit Dictionary: Hinduism

Galena or sulphide of lead is called Añjana or sauvirāñjana in Sanskrit, and kṛṣṇa surmā in Vernacular. It is called añjana, which literally means collyrium or medicine for the eyes, from the circumstance of its being considered the best application or cosmetic for them. The other varieties of añjana mentioned are srotoñjana, puṣpāñjana and rasāñjana.

Sauvīrāñjana or galena is chiefly used as a cosmetic for the eyes, and is supposed to strengthen these organs, improve their appearance and preserve them from disease. It enters into the composition of some collyria for eye diseases. Galena, heated over a fire and cooled in a decoction of the three myrobalans for seven times in succession, is rubbed with human milk and used in various eye diseases.

(Source): Alois Payer - Amarakośa: Vaiśyavarga 100-106b

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The Sakiyan, son of Devadaha, and father of Mahamaya and Mahapajapati, wives of Suddhodana.

His wife was Sulakkhana (Ap.ii.538, v.115; see also ThagA.152).

According to the Mahavamsa (ii.17ff), he was the son of Devadahasakka and had a sister Kaccana; his queen was Yasodhara.

In addition to the daughters mentioned above he had two sons, Dandapani and the Sakiyan Suppabuddha.

See also Suppabuddha.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

añjana : (nt.) collyrium (for the eyes).

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Añjana, (nt.) (from añjati2) ointment, esp. a collyrium for the eyes, made of antimony, adj. anointed, smeary; glossy, black (cp. kaṇha II. and kāla1 note). — 1. Vin.I, 203 (five kinds viz. kāḷ°, ras°, sot°, geruka, kapalla); D.I, 7, 12; DA.I, 98 (khār°); 284; DhA.III, 354 (akkhi° eye-salve). — 2. glossy, jet-black J.I, 194; II, 369; V, 416. The reading añjana at A.IV, 468 is wrong, it should be corrected into thanamajjanamattaṃ. See also pacc°. In meaning collyrium box at Th.2, 413 (= añjana-nāḷi ThA.267); DhA.II, 25.

—akkhiha with anointed eyes Th.1, 960. —upapisana perfume to mix with ointment Vin.I, 203; II, 112. —cuṇṇa aromatic powder DhsA.13. —nāḷi an ointment tube, collyrium box ThA.267. —rukkha N. of a tree (“black” tree) J.I, 331. —vaṇṇa of the colour of collyrium, i. e. shiny, glossy, dark, black D.II, 18 (lomāni); J.I, 138 (kesā), 194; II, 369; PvA.258 (vana). (Page 13)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Añjana (अञ्जन).—There are four Añjana mountains situated in the northern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, according to Jain cosmology:

  1. Ramaṇīya,
  2. Svayamprabhā,
  3. Nityodyata,
  4. Devaramaṇa.

They have a black colour and on the top are temples of the Arhats (tīrthaṅkaras), decorated with jewelled platforms (maṇipīṭhikā), diases (devacchandaka) and statues (śāśvata-bimba) of Ṛṣabha, Vardhamāna, Candrāmana and Vāriṣeṇa in the paryaṅka posture.

Nandīśvaradvīpa is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Añjana (अञ्जन) refers to “antimony”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., añjana). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

añjana (अंजन).—n (S) A collyrium: also an application to the eye-lashes to darken and improve them. 2 Particular applications to the eyes (as lampblack, antimony &c.) to confer superhuman powers of vision. Ex. añjanāviṇa na sādhē nidhāna || 3 Applied fig. to instruction from a spiritual teacher; to a prasāda from an idol &c.; considered as a means of removing mental darkness.

--- OR ---

añjana (अंजन) [or नी, nī].—f (The ja is Ja.) Ironwood-tree, Memecylon tinctorium. Graham. Also Hardwickia binata. Graham.

--- OR ---

añjāna (अंजान).—a ( H) Unknowing, unacquainted, ignorant.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

añjana (अंजन).—n A collyrium.

--- OR ---

añjana (अंजन) [-nī, -नी].—f Ironwood-tree.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Añjana (अञ्जन).—1 A kind of lizard.

2) Name of a tree or mountain.

3) Name of the guardian elephant (of the west or s. w.) तस्य चान्येऽपि दिङ्नागा बभूबुरनुयायिनः । अञ्जनो बामनश्चैव महापद्मश्च सुप्रभः (tasya cānye'pi diṅnāgā babhūburanuyāyinaḥ | añjano bāmanaścaiva mahāpadmaśca suprabhaḥ) || Mb.6.64.57.

-nam [ajyate anena; añj lyuṭ]

1) Anointing, smearing with, दन्तधावनमञ्जनं पूर्वाह्ण एव कुर्वीत (dantadhāvanamañjanaṃ pūrvāhṇa eva kurvīta) Ms.4.152; mixing; unfolding, manifesting.

2) Collyrium or black pigment used to paint the eyelashes; विलोचनं दक्षिणमञ्जनेन संभाव्य (vilocanaṃ dakṣiṇamañjanena saṃbhāvya) R.7.8 salve; अमृत° कोऽयं दृशोरमृताञ्जनम् (amṛta° ko'yaṃ dṛśoramṛtāñjanam) U.4.18 ambrosial salve; कुर्वन् °मेचका इव दिशो मेघः समुत्तिष्ठते (kurvan °mecakā iva diśo meghaḥ samuttiṣṭhate) Mk.5.8,1.34; (fig. also) अज्ञानान्धस्य लोकस्य ज्ञानाञ्जनशलाकया । चक्षुरुन्मीलितं येन तस्मै पाणिनये नमः (ajñānāndhasya lokasya jñānāñjanaśalākayā | cakṣurunmīlitaṃ yena tasmai pāṇinaye namaḥ) || Śik.45; पटुतरविवेकाञ्जनजुषाम् (paṭutaravivekāñjanajuṣām) Bh.3.84; cf. also दारिद्य्रं परमाञ्जनम् (dāridyraṃ paramāñjanam); (fig.) impurity, as in निरञ्जन (nirañjana), q. v.

3) Paint, a cosmetic ointment.

4) Magic ointment.

5) A special kind of material of the black pigment, such as antimony (used as collyrium, lamp-black &c. sauvīra

6) Ink.

7) Fire.

8) Night.

9) (nam, nā) (Rhet.) A suggested meaning; also the process by which such meaning is suggested. It is the power of suggestion (founded on abhidhā or lakṣaṇā denotation or indication), by which something else is understood from a word which, though having more meanings than one, has been restricted to a single meaning by relations of conjunction, disjunction &c. (saṃyoga, viprayoga, sāhacarya, viro- dhitā &c.), or, briefly, the use of a word of several meanings in a special sense determined by the context; e. g. सशङ्खचक्रो हरिः (saśaṅkhacakro hariḥ) the adjective restricts Hari to mean 'Viṣṇu' alone, and not a 'lion' or 'monkey'; so रामलक्ष्मणौ दाशरथी, रामार्जुनौ भार्गवकार्तवीर्यौ (rāmalakṣmaṇau dāśarathī, rāmārjunau bhārgavakārtavīryau) &c.; cf. अनेकार्थस्य शब्दस्य वाच- कत्वे नियन्त्रिते । संयोगाद्यैरवाच्यार्थधीकृद् व्यापृतिरञ्जनम् (anekārthasya śabdasya vāca- katve niyantrite | saṃyogādyairavācyārthadhīkṛd vyāpṛtirañjanam) || K.P.2., S. D.23-6; See व्याञ्जना (vyāñjanā) also.

Derivable forms: añjanaḥ (अञ्जनः).

--- OR ---

Añjanā (अञ्जना).—

1) Name of the female elephant of the north.

2) Name of the mother of Māruti or Hanūmat. [She was the daughter of a monkey named Kuṅnjara and wife of Kesarin, another monkey. She was in a former birth a celestial nymph by name Puñjikasthali and was born on earth owing to a curse. One day while she was seated on the summit of a mountain, her garment was slightly displaced, and the God of Wind being enamoured of her beauty assumed a visible form, and asked her to yield to his desires. She requested him not to violate her chastity, to which he consented; but he told her that she would conceive a son equal to himself in strength and lustre by virtue of his amorous desire fixed on her, and then disappeared. In course of time Añjanā conceived and brought forth a son who was called Māruti being the son of Marut.]

--- OR ---

Āñjana (आञ्जन).—a. (- f.) [अञ्जनस्येदं-अण् (añjanasyedaṃ-aṇ)] Anointing or belonging to ointment.

-nam 1 Ointment, especially for the eyes.

2) Fat; इमा नारीरविधवाः सुपत्नीराञ्जनेन सर्पिषा संवि- शन्तु (imā nārīravidhavāḥ supatnīrāñjanena sarpiṣā saṃvi- śantu) Rv.1.18.7.

-naḥ Name of Māruti or Hanūmat दाश- रथिबलैरिवाञ्जननीलनलपरिगतप्रान्तैः (dāśa- rathibalairivāñjananīlanalaparigataprāntaiḥ) K.58.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 98 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nilanjana
Nīlāñjana (नीलाञ्जन).—1) antimony. 2) blue vitriol. Derivable forms: nīlāñjanam (नीलाञ्जनम्).Nī...
Rasanjana
rasāñjana (रसांजन).—n (S) A collyrium. It is prepared by boiling together calx of brass and one...
Niranjana
nirañjana (निरंजन).—a Light; all-knowing. Void of all darkness or ignorance.--- OR --- nirañjan...
Sauviranjana
Sauvīrāñjana is a variety of Añjana (“Collyrium”).—This Añjana is just like dhūma (smo...
Srotonjana
Srotoñjana is a variety of Añjana (“Collyrium”).—It is snigdha (greasy) in appearance,...
Pushpanjana
Puṣpāñjana is a variety of Añjana (“Collyrium”).—It is white is colour, snigdha in app...
Sobhanjana
Śobhāñjana (शोभाञ्जन).—Name of a very useful tree (Mar. śevagā).Derivable forms: śobhāñjanaḥ (श...
Anjanadi
Añjanādi (अञ्जनादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as bein...
Anjanabhairava
Añjana-bhairava (अञ्जन-भैरव) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of...
Kapotanjana
Kapotāñjana (कपोताञ्जन).—antimony. Derivable forms: kapotāñjanam (कपोताञ्जनम्).Kapotāñjana is a...
Naganjana
Nāgāñjanā (नागाञ्जना).—[= nāgayaṣṭi] q. v. Nāgāñjanā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Ksharanjana
Kṣārāñjana (क्षाराञ्जन).—an alkaline unguent. Derivable forms: kṣārāñjanam (क्षाराञ्जनम्).Kṣārā...
Anjanagiri
Añjanagiri (अञ्जनगिरि).—(karma.) [añjanamiva kṛṣṇaḥ giriḥ] Name of a mountain, Seeनीलगिरि (nīla...
Kalanjana
Kāḷa-añjana black collyrium VinI . 203;
Gutikanjana
Guṭikāñjana (गुटिकाञ्जन).—a kind of collyrium. Derivable forms: guṭikāñjanam (गुटिकाञ्जनम्).Guṭ...

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