Anjali, Añjali, Añjalī, Āñjali: 24 definitions



Anjali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Añjali (अञ्जलि) is the Sanskrit word representing a measure of corn (sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by side). This measurement equals a single Kuḍava unit, which is a weight unit used throughout Ayurvedic literature.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Añjali (अञ्जलि):—Indicating measure Synonym of one kudava = 192 g of metric units

2) A measure sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by side

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āñjali (आञ्जलि).—A sage who was a classmate of Śaunaka. (Skandha 12, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—A mode of worship with both hands. He who worships a god by raising only one hand is liable to have that hand cut off.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 22. 19[1-3].
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Añjali (अञ्जलि) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Natya Shastra

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with combined hands (saṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): Putting together of the two Patāka hands is called Añjali.

(Uses): It is used to greet gods, venerable persons (guru) and friend. In greeting gods it is to be held on the head, in case of venerable persons like father, teacher etc. it is to be held near one’s face, and for greeting the friends it is to be placed on the chest and in case of the remaining persons there is no fixed rule.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Añjali (अञ्जलि) refers to a measurement to fill up the palms when folded to form a hollow.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Añjali (अञ्जलि) or Añjalihasta refers to “devotion” and represents one of the four gestures with both hands, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., añjali-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Añjali (अञ्जलि) or Añjalimudrā refers to one of the various hand-poses (hastas or mudrās) defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Añjali-mudrā signifies salutation and adoration. In this saṃyuta hand-pose the open hands are placed side-by-side and slightly hollowed with the hands are clasped together with the palms touching together. Añjali-mudrā held close to the chest is called hṛdaya-añjali.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the nuns who accompanied Sanghamitta to Ceylon. Dip.xviii.24.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

añjali : (f.) lifting of the folded hands as a token of reverence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Añjali, (cp. Sk. añjali, fr. añjati1) extending, stretching forth, gesture of lifting up the hands as a token of reverence (cp. E. to “tender” one’s respect), putting the ten fingers together and raising them to the head (VvA.7: dasanakha-samodhāna-samujjalaṃ añjaliṃ paggayha). Only in stock phrases (a.) añjaliṃ paṇāmeti to bend forth the outstretched hands Vin.II, 188; D.I, 118; Sn.352; Sn.p. 79. (b.) °ṃ paggaṇhāti to perform the a. salutation J.I, 54; DhA.IV, 212; VvA.7, 312 (sirasmiṃ on one’s head); PvA.93. (c.) °ṃ karoti id. PvA.178; cp. katañjali (adj.) with raised hands Sn.1023; J.I, 17; PvA.50, and añjalikata id. Pv.II, 1220. Cp. pañjali

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

añjali (अंजलि).—m f (S) añjalipuṭa m n (S) pop. añjaḷī f The cavity formed by putting the hands side by side, hollowing the palms; Scottice, gowpen. a0 jōḍaṇēṃ To apply the palms together rather hollowed or curved;--as in humble or respectful address.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

añjali (अंजलि).—m f -ḷī f añjalipuṭa m n The hollow formed by joining the two hands together.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—m. [añj-ali Uṇ.4.2.]

1) A cavity formed by folding and joining the open hands together, the hollow of the hands; hence, a cavity. full of anything (changed to añjala or °li after dvi and tri in dvigu comp., P.V.4.12); न वार्यञ्जलिना पिवेत् (na vāryañjalinā pivet) Ms.4.63; सुपूरो मूषि- काञ्जलिः (supūro mūṣi- kāñjaliḥ) Pt.1.25; अरण्यबीजाञ्जलिदानलालिताः (araṇyabījāñjalidānalālitāḥ) Ku.5.15; प्रकीर्णः पुष्पाणां हरिचरणयोरञ्जलिरयम् (prakīrṇaḥ puṣpāṇāṃ haricaraṇayorañjalirayam) Ve.1.1. a cavityful of flowers; so जलस्याञ्जलयो दश (jalasyāñjalayo daśa) Y.3.15.1 cavityfuls or libations of water; श्रवणाञ्जलिपुटपेयम् (śravaṇāñjalipuṭapeyam) Ve.1.4. to be drunk by the cavity of the ear; अञ्जलिं रच्, बन्ध्, कृ (añjaliṃ rac, bandh, kṛ) or आधा (ādhā) fold the hands together and raise them to the head in supplication or salutation; बद्धः, कातर्यादरविन्द- कुङ्मलनिभो मुग्धः प्रणामाञ्जलिः (baddhaḥ, kātaryādaravinda- kuṅmalanibho mugdhaḥ praṇāmāñjaliḥ) U.3.37.

2) Hence a mark of respect or salutation; कः शक्रेण कृतं नेच्छेदधिमूर्धानमञ्जलिम् (kaḥ śakreṇa kṛtaṃ necchedadhimūrdhānamañjalim) Bk.8.84; बध्यतामभययाचनाञ्जलिः (badhyatāmabhayayācanāñjaliḥ) R.11.78.

3) A measure of corn = कुडव (kuḍava); another measure = प्रसृत (prasṛta), or one-half of a मानिका (mānikā).

Derivable forms: añjaliḥ (अञ्जलिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—m.

(-liḥ) 1. The cavity formed by putting the hands together, and hollowing the palms: being in this form carried to the forehead, it forms the appropriate salutation from inferiors of respectabiliy to their superiors. 2. A measure, a Kud'ava. See kuḍava. E. añja to go, and lic Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—m. 1. The cavity formed by putting the hands together and hollowing the palms, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 63. 2. This cavity as measure: two handfuls. 3. Putting the hands together and raising them to the forehead, as humble salutation of inferiors to their superiors.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—[masculine] the two hollowed hands put together (as a measure or a token of reverence). liṃ kṛ or bandh put the hands together and raise them to the forehead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Añjali (अञ्जलि):—[from añj] a See sub voce below.

2) b m. (√añj), the open hands placed side by side and slightly hollowed (as if by a beggar to receive food; hence when raised to the forehead, a mark of supplication), reverence, salutation, benediction

3) a libation to the Manes (two hands full of water, udakāñjali), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa etc.]

4) a measure of corn, sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by side, equal to a kuḍava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि):—m.

(-liḥ) 1) The two hands put together, the palms being slightly hollowed and in near contact with each other, when the hands are raised to the forehead as a reverential act of salutation or adoration: when employed in making offerings, or giving a benediction, the hands are left open only touching by the sides of the little fingers.

2) A measure, a Kuḍava, as much grain as can be held by the two hands put together. E. añj, uṇ. aff. alic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Añjali (अञ्जलि):—(liḥ) 2. m. Palm of the hand.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Añjali (अञ्जलि):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 4, 2.] m. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 3.] [Siddhāntakaumudī 250], a, [5.]

1) die beiden hohl an einander gelegten Hände [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 36.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 598.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 624.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 60.] sarvābhiḥ (aṅgulībhiḥ) samasyāñjalinādhyāvapati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 3, 2, 13.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 7, 7, 18.] yadyanulabheranprasṛtamātraṃ vāñjalimātraṃ vā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 5, 10, 7.] caturṇāṃ pātrāṇāmañjaliprasṛtānāṃ ca [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 1, 4.] añjalau manthamādhāya [Chāndogyopaniṣad 5, 2, 6.] vātahomāñjuhotyañjalināhṛtya [Kātyāyana 18, 6, 1.] bei [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 45.] apo ñjalinādāya id. bei id. zu [20, 19.] añjalināpa upācati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 8, 4, 5.] avicchandatyañjalīn [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 8.] na vāryañjalinā pibet [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 63.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 138.] añjalipānānbrāhmaṇān [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 68, 18.] śiśnavṛṣaṇāvutkṛtyādhāya cāñjalau [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 104.] dūrvāsarṣapapuṣpāṇāṃ dattvārghaṃ pūrṇamañjalim [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 289.] jalasyāñjalayo daśa [3, 105.] patrairañjalimāpūrya [Mitākṣarā 147, 7.] vījāñjaliḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 6, 20.] salilāñjali 2 Handvoll Wasser zu Ehren eines Verstorbenen (vgl. udakakriyā): pitaro pi na gṛhṇanti taddattaṃ salilāñjalim [Pañcatantra II, 111.] tīrtheṣu toyāñjaliḥ [Amaruśataka 25.] mānasyāpi jalāñjaliḥ lokena dattaḥ [97.] mūṣikāñjali die an einander gelegten Vorderpfotchen einer Maus: supūro mūṣikāñjaliḥ [Pañcatantra I, 31. II, 145]; vgl. añjalikā . Die Hände hohl an einander legen und dieselben zur Stirn führen ist ein Zeichen der Ehrerbietung und Unterwürfigkeit: añjaliṃ nidhā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 4, 5, 1.] añjaliṃ kar [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 1, 15.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 33, 23. 2, 12, 33,] [Duaupadīpramātha 1, 10.] kṛtāñjali adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 154. 7, 91.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 2.] rāghavāya — [4, 12, 1.] kṛtvā śirasi cāñjalim [5, 62, 11. 4, 11, 7.] mayāyaṃ racito ñjaliḥ [2, 13, 12.] eṣo ñjalirmayā baddhaḥ [4, 6, 12. 9, 6.] śirasyañjalimādhāya [5, 31, 1. 6, 112, 4.] udyatāñjali [2, 13, 14. 3, 44, 9.] niyatāñjali [3, 18, 15.] prayatāñjali [3, 68, 23.] saṃhatāñjali [5, 33, 16, 6, 111, 49.] pragṛhītāñjali [2, 14, 56.] gṛhyāñjalau [2, 3, 32.] añjaliṃ pratigrah Ehrenbezeugungen empfangen [2, 12, 45.] Häufig wird añjali mit puṭa Höhlung verbunden: kṛtāñjalipuṭa [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9. 62. 39, 9] (f. puṭā). [43, 18. 2, 3, 32.] baddhāñjalipuṭa [1, 68, 3. 6, 37, 73.] f. puṭā [6, 101, 26.] śliṣṭāñjalipuṭā [3, 4, 1.] prahvāñjalipuṭa [2, 16, 25.] śravaṇāñjalipuṭapeya [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 556.] mit karapuṭaḥ baddhvā karapuṭāñjalim [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 64, 5.] Vgl. prāñjali, brahmāñjali . —

2) Name eines Hohlmaasses (zwei Handvoll) = kuḍava [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 624.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 60.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 6, 57.] [Suśruta 1, 146, 18. 2, 165, 7.]

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Añjali (अञ्जलि):—

2) = 2 Prasṛta = (1/2) Mānikā [Oxforder Handschriften 307,b,8.] — Vgl. karṇāñjali .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Añjali (अञ्जलि):—m. die beiden hohl und offen an einander gelegten Hände , zwei Handvoll (auch als best. Hohlmaass) [37,9.] pāna Adj. aus den Händen trinkend , mūsikāñjali die an einander gelegten Vorderpfötchen einer Maus , kusumāñjali zwei H. Blumen [290,4.] udakāñjali [107,23.] añjalimātra n. [Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4,5,10,7.] Die Hände hohl an einander legen und dieselben zur Stirn führen ist ein Zeichen der Ehrerbietung und Unterwürfigkeit. [96,12.] añjaliṃkar [Indische sprüche 7690] (Med.). [Böhtlingk’s Sanskrit-Chresthomathie 70,31.176,25.] bandh [314,13.]

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Añjalī (अञ्जली):—Adv. mit kar die Hände hohl an einander legen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anjali in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) the cup-shaped hollow formed by the joining of the two palms together; ~[gata] within one’s grasp, acquired; —[puta] the cup of one’s palms; ~[baddha] with the palms joined together..—anjali (अंजलि) is alternatively transliterated as Aṃjali.

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