Anjali, aka: Añjali, Añjalī, Āñjali; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anjali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Anjali in Ayurveda glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि) is the Sanskrit word representing a measure of corn (sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by side). This measurement equals a single Kuḍava unit, which is a weight unit used throughout Āyurvedic literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Anjali in Purana glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—A mode of worship with both hands. He who worships a god by raising only one hand is liable to have that hand cut off.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 22. 19[1-3].
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Anjali in Natyashastra glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with combined hands (saṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): Putting together of the two Patāka hands is called Añjali.

(Uses): It is used to greet gods, venerable persons (guru) and friend. In greeting gods it is to be held on the head, in case of venerable persons like father, teacher etc. it is to be held near one’s face, and for greeting the friends it is to be placed on the chest and in case of the remaining persons there is no fixed rule.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Anjali in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि) refers to “devotion” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the dual-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—When both the hands in abhaya hasta are held close together at the level of the chest, it is known as añjali hasta.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Anjali in Pancaratra glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि) refers to a measurement to fill up the palms when folded to form a hollow.

(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Anjali in Theravada glossaries]

One of the nuns who accompanied Sanghamitta to Ceylon. Dip.xviii.24.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Anjali in Pali glossaries]

añjali : (f.) lifting of the folded hands as a token of reverence.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Añjali, (cp. Sk. añjali, fr. añjati1) extending, stretching forth, gesture of lifting up the hands as a token of reverence (cp. E. to “tender” one’s respect), putting the ten fingers together and raising them to the head (VvA.7: dasanakha-samodhāna-samujjalaṃ añjaliṃ paggayha). Only in stock phrases (a.) añjaliṃ paṇāmeti to bend forth the outstretched hands Vin.II, 188; D.I, 118; Sn.352; Sn.p. 79. (b.) °ṃ paggaṇhāti to perform the a. salutation J.I, 54; DhA.IV, 212; VvA.7, 312 (sirasmiṃ on one’s head); PvA.93. (c.) °ṃ karoti id. PvA.178; cp. katañjali (adj.) with raised hands Sn.1023; J.I, 17; PvA.50, and añjalikata id. Pv.II, 1220. Cp. pañjali

—kamma respectful salutation, as above A.I, 123; II, 180; IV, 130; Vv 788, 8316; DhA.I, 32. —karaṇīya (adj.) that is worthy of being thus honoured D.III, 5; A.II, 34; III, 36; IV, 13 sq.; It.88. (Page 13)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Anjali in Marathi glossaries]

añjali (अंजलि).—m f (S) añjalipuṭa m n (S) pop. añjaḷī f The cavity formed by putting the hands side by side, hollowing the palms; Scottice, gowpen. a0 jōḍaṇēṃ To apply the palms together rather hollowed or curved;--as in humble or respectful address.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

añjali (अंजलि).—m f -ḷī f añjalipuṭa m n The hollow formed by joining the two hands together.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Anjali in Sanskrit glossaries]

Añjali (अञ्जलि).—m. [añj-ali Uṇ.4.2.]

1) A cavity formed by folding and joining the open hands together, the hollow of the hands; hence, a cavity. full of anything (changed to añjala or °li after dvi and tri in dvigu comp., P.V.4.12); न वार्यञ्जलिना पिवेत् (na vāryañjalinā pivet) Ms.4.63; सुपूरो मूषि- काञ्जलिः (supūro mūṣi- kāñjaliḥ) Pt.1.25; अरण्यबीजाञ्जलिदानलालिताः (araṇyabījāñjalidānalālitāḥ) Ku.5.15; प्रकीर्णः पुष्पाणां हरिचरणयोरञ्जलिरयम् (prakīrṇaḥ puṣpāṇāṃ haricaraṇayorañjalirayam) Ve.1.1. a cavityful of flowers; so जलस्याञ्जलयो दश (jalasyāñjalayo daśa) Y.3.15.1 cavityfuls or libations of water; श्रवणाञ्जलिपुटपेयम् (śravaṇāñjalipuṭapeyam) Ve.1.4. to be drunk by the cavity of the ear; अञ्जलिं रच्, बन्ध्, कृ (añjaliṃ rac, bandh, kṛ) or आधा (ādhā) fold the hands together and raise them to the head in supplication or salutation; बद्धः, कातर्यादरविन्द- कुङ्मलनिभो मुग्धः प्रणामाञ्जलिः (baddhaḥ, kātaryādaravinda- kuṅmalanibho mugdhaḥ praṇāmāñjaliḥ) U.3.37.

2) Hence a mark of respect or salutation; कः शक्रेण कृतं नेच्छेदधिमूर्धानमञ्जलिम् (kaḥ śakreṇa kṛtaṃ necchedadhimūrdhānamañjalim) Bk.8.84; बध्यतामभययाचनाञ्जलिः (badhyatāmabhayayācanāñjaliḥ) R.11.78.

3) A measure of corn = कुडव (kuḍava); another measure = प्रसृत (prasṛta), or one-half of a मानिका (mānikā).

Derivable forms: añjaliḥ (अञ्जलिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 77 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pushpanjali
Puṣpāñjali (पुष्पाञ्जलि).—a handful of flowers. Derivable forms: puṣpāñjaliḥ (पुष्पाञ्जलिः).Puṣ...
Kritanjali
Kṛtāñjali (कृताञ्जलि).—a. folding the hands in supplication; प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं कृताञ्जलिरभाषत ...
Baddhanjali
Baddhāñjali (बद्धाञ्जलि).—a. folding the hands together in supplication, with the hands joined ...
Anjaliputa
Añjalipuṭa (अञ्जलिपुट).—the cavity formed by joining the hands together; hollowed plams of the ...
Brahmanjali
Brahmāñjali (ब्रह्माञ्जलि).—When a disciple stands before his teacher he should have both his a...
Anjalikarika
Añjalikārikā (अञ्जलिकारिका).—1) an earthen doll making the अञ्जलि (añjali) (?). 2) Name of a pl...
Avahitanjali
Avahitāñjali (अवहिताञ्जलि).—a. with joined hands.Avahitāñjali is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Nivapanjali
Nivāpāñjali (निवापाञ्जलि).—two handfuls of water as a libation. Derivable forms: nivāpāñjaliḥ (...
Purnanjali
Pūrṇāñjali (पूर्णाञ्जलि).—two handfuls. Derivable forms: pūrṇāñjaliḥ (पूर्णाञ्जलिः).Pūrṇāñjali ...
Samyatanjali
Saṃyatāñjali (संयताञ्जलि).—a. one who has folded his hands in supplication. Saṃyatāñjali is a S...
Jalanjali
Jalāñjali (जलाञ्जलि).—1) a handful of water. 2) a libation of water presented to the manes of a...
Putanjali
Puṭāñjali (पुटाञ्जलि).—the two hollowed hands put together; श्रीकृष्णपुरतः स्थित्वा तुष्टाव तं ...
Prahvanjali
Prahvāñjali (प्रह्वाञ्जलि).—a. bowing with the palms of the hand joined and put to the forehead...
Prasunanjali
Prasūnāñjali (प्रसूनाञ्जलि).—a. = [puṣpāñjali]. -iṣuḥ, -bāṇaḥ, -vāṇaḥ epithets of the god of lo...
Tryanjali
Tryañjali (त्र्यञ्जलि).—three handfuls taken collectively. Derivable forms: tryañjaliḥ (त्र्यञ्...

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