Shvashru, Śvaśrū, Shvasru: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Shvashru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvaśrū can be transliterated into English as Svasru or Shvashru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Śvaśru (श्वश्रु, “mother-in-law”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) The right hand is held as Haṃsāsya and Saṃdaṃsa at the throat, the left hand then placed on the stomach showing the Strī hand.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू) denotes ‘mother-in-law’ of the husband1 as well as of the wife. She, together with her husband, if he became unable to manage the family, fell under the daughter-in-law’s sway, but otherwise was entitled to regard. The gambler in the Rigveda complains of his having lost the favour of his wife’s mother as one of the misfortunes brought upon him by dicing.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvaśrū (श्वश्रू).—f S A mother-in-law or the wife of one's father-in-law.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू).—f. A mother-in-law, a wife's or husband's mother; श्वश्रूजनानुष्ठितचारुवेशाम् (śvaśrūjanānuṣṭhitacāruveśām) R.14.13.

Derivable forms: śvaśrūḥ (श्वश्रूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू).—f.

(-śrūḥ) A mother-in-law. E. śvaśura a father-in-law, the u and a rejected, ra conjoined with śa, and ūṅ fem. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू).—see śvaśura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू).—[feminine] mother-in-law.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू):—[from śvaśura] f. (of śvaśura) a mother-in-law (either the wife’s or the husband’s m°), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] the mother-in-law and the other wives of the father-in-law, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] cf. [Latin] socrus; [Slavonic or Slavonian] svekry; [Anglo-Saxon] swëger; [German] swigar, swiger, Schwieger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśrū (श्वश्रू):—(śrūḥ) 3. f. A mother-in-law.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śvasru (श्वस्रु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sassū, Sāsū, Sussū.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvashru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvaśru (ಶ್ವಶ್ರು):—[noun] the mother of one’s wife or husband; mother-in-law.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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