Shvapada, Śvāpada, Svāpada, Śvapada, Shvan-pada: 15 definitions


Shvapada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śvāpada and Śvapada can be transliterated into English as Svapada or Shvapada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shvapada in Purana glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Śvāpada (श्वापद) falls under the category of wild beasts (āraṇya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śvāpada (श्वापद) refers to “beasts of prey”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] There in the Himālayas even the beasts of prey (śvāpada) are calm. It is the abode of many sages and ascetics. It is an abode of Devas and many deer move about in it”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śvāpada (श्वापद).—The Asura whose city is in Tatvalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Śvāpada (श्वापद) (lit. “one relating or belonging to a wild beast”) is a synonym (another name) for the Tiger (Vyāghra), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Svapada (स्वपद) refers to “one’s own foot”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Any person who is hanging on to the ultimate [reality of yours] and wishes to perceive and measure your proportions with his [limited] mind, that man of perception smarter [than everyone] in this world evidently touches the shadow of his own head in a series of his own footsteps (svapada-krama)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvāpada (श्वापद).—n m (S) A beast of prey generally. 2 Applied also to any beast of the forest whether savage or gentle, carnivorous or herbivorous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvāpada (श्वापद).—a. (- f.) Savage, ferocious.

-daḥ 1 A beast of prey, wild beast.

2) A tiger.

--- OR ---

Svāpada (स्वापद).—See श्वापद (śvāpada).

Derivable forms: svāpadaḥ (स्वापदः).

--- OR ---

Śvapada (श्वपद).—

1) a dog's foot.

2) a mark like a dog's foot (to be branded on the forehead of a thief); स्तेये च श्वपदं कार्यम् (steye ca śvapadaṃ kāryam) Manusmṛti 9.237.

Derivable forms: śvapadam (श्वपदम्).

Śvapada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śvan and pada (पद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapada (श्वपद).—n.

(-daṃ) 1. A dog’s foot. 2. A mark like one, to be branded on the forehead of a thief. E. śva, and pada a foot.

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Śvāpada (श्वापद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dī-daṃ) Ferocious, savage, relating or belonging to a beast of prey. m.

(-daḥ) 1. A beast of prey in general. 2. A tiger. E. śvan a dog, āpad to resemble, aff. ac; or śvapada with aṇ added.

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Svāpada (स्वापद).—m.

(-daḥ) A wild beast. E. sa substituted for śa: see śvāpada .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāpada (श्वापद).—i. e. śvan-pada + a, I. adj. Ferocious, relating to a beast of prey. Ii. m. A beast of prey, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 124; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 53, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapada (श्वपद).—[masculine] a beast of prey.

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Śvapada (श्वपद).—[neuter] a dog’s foot (as a brand-mark).

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Śvāpada (श्वापद).—[masculine] beast of prey.

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Svapada (स्वपद).—[neuter] one’s own abode, place, position, rank or dignity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvapada (श्वपद):—[=śva-pada] [from śva > śvan] n. a dog’s foot (or its mark branded on the body), [Manu-smṛti ix, 237.]

2) Śvapāda (श्वपाद):—[=śva-pāda] [from śva > śvan] m. = -pada, [ib.]

3) Śvāpada (श्वापद):—[=śvā-pada] [from śvā > śvan] a m. (śvā-) n. a beast of prey, wild b°, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a tiger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] ([wrong reading] svāp)

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. relating or belonging to a wild beast (= śauvāpada), [Pāṇini 7-3, 9]

7) [=śvā-pada] b śvā-vidh etc. See p. 1105, col. 2.

8) Svapada (स्वपद):—[=sva-pada] [from sva] n. one’s own place or abode, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] o°’s own position or rank, [ib.]

10) Svāpada (स्वापद):—See śvā-pada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvapada (श्वपद):—[śva-pada] (daṃ) 1. n. A dog’s foot; a brand.

2) Śvāpada (श्वापद):—[śvā-pada] (daḥ-dī-daṃ) m. A beast of prey in general. a. Ferocious, savage.

3) Svāpada (स्वापद):—(daḥ) 1. m. A wild beast.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śvāpada (श्वापद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāvaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvapada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvāpada (ಶ್ವಾಪದ):—

1) [noun] the quality or condition of being cruel; inhumanity; cruelty.

2) [noun] any wild animal; a beast.

3) [noun] a tiger.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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