Adhyashaya, Adhyāśaya: 6 definitions


Adhyashaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Adhyāśaya can be transliterated into English as Adhyasaya or Adhyashaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyashaya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Adhyāśaya (अध्याशय):—When the bodhisattva has obtained this high aspiration (adhyāśaya), he equalizes his mind in regard to all beings. Beings always love their friends and hate their enemies, but, for the bodhisattva who has obtained the high aspiration, enemy and friend are equal; he regards them as the same.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Adhyāśaya (अध्याशय) refers to “determination”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, in the buddha-field of the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, there is a Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja who is resplendent by the splendor of merit (puṇya-tejas), [...] who is adorned with determination (adhyāśaya) because of gaining distinction (viśeṣagāmitā), is without any doubt about all dharmas (sarvadharma-niḥsaṃśaya) as adorned with practice (prayoga), is without high and low as adorned with great equanimity (mahopekṣa) [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyashaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyāśaya (अध्याशय).—(utkṛṣṭaḥ āśayaḥ karṇikākhyaḥ) the pericarp; अध्याशयो वा स्फुटपुण्डरीकं पुराधिराजं तदलञ्चकार (adhyāśayo vā sphuṭapuṇḍarīkaṃ purādhirājaṃ tadalañcakāra) | Bu. Ch.1.9. the commentator explains the word also as 'Jīva' अधि प्रधानभूत आशेते निवसति शरीर इत्यध्याशयो जिवः (adhi pradhānabhūta āśete nivasati śarīra ityadhyāśayo jivaḥ) |

Derivable forms: adhyāśayaḥ (अध्याशयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhyāśaya (अध्याशय).—m. (= Pali ajjhāsaya), (1) commonly mental disposition; (strong) purpose, intent, determination (especially religious); clearly understood as a more intensive near-synonym of āśaya, which is used often in substan- tially the same sense in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] as already in Sanskrit (so far [Page018-a+ 71] as I can see there is no difference between Sanskrit and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] āśaya except for the adverbial uses of forms of the latter, q.v.): adhyāśayaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7116 = Tibetan lhag paḥi bsam pa, superior (adhi) thought, will, inclination or the like (āśaya = Tibetan bsam pa Mahāvyutpatti 7117); āśayena adhyāśayena Lalitavistara 182.18; āśayo Lalitavistara 34.18, as a dharmālokamukha, immediately followed by adhyāśayo, used in the same way. Definition: Bodhisattvabhūmi 313.4 ff. śraddhāpūrvo dharmavicayapūrvakaś ca buddhadharmeṣu yo 'dhimokṣaḥ…bodhisattvasya so 'dhyāśaya ity ucyate. te punar adhyāśayā bodhisattvasya …pañcadaśa veditavyāḥ. katame pañcadaśa: agryāśayaḥ vratāśayaḥ etc., all cpds. of āśaya. With adj. dṛḍha, firm determination, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 97.10; or vajraka (= dṛḍha), Lalitavistara 216.4; bracketed with gaurava, adhyāśayena gauraveṇa, with resolution and with earnestness, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 286.2; Lalitavistara 203.4; adhyāśayena with one's whole heart, wholeheartedly, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 337.10 (adhimucyate); 389.9; (dharmārthiko, seeking the dharma) Lalitavistara 179.10; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 14.7; adhyāśayena Lalitavistara 180.12, with resolve (see s.v. anarthika); tadadhyāśaya-Mahāvastu i.128.7, intent on that; adhyāśayena saṃpannāḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 337.1, per- fected in disposition; adhyāśaya-saṃpannā(ḥ) Mahāvastu ii.288.14; list of adhyāśaya, mental dispositions, which a Bodhisattva in the 2d bhūmi cherishes, Mahāvastu i.85.3 ff.; adhyāśaya-bala, one of the 10 bala of a Bodhisattva, Mahāvyutpatti 761; dvāv imau …bodhisattvasya sattveṣu kalyāṇādhyāśayau (excellent intentions towards creatures) pravartete, hitādhyāśayaś ca sukhādhyāśayaś ca Bodhisattvabhūmi 18.16—18; a Tathāgata knows the adhy°, mental dispositions, of all creatures Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 163.3; 180.15; adhyāśayaṃ (with dependent gen.) viditvā Samādhirājasūtra 8.14; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 56.3; °śayaṃ (of others) parīkṣanti (Buddhas) Mahāvastu i.192.19; a Tathāgata is sarvadharmārthavaśitāprāp- taḥ sarvadharmādhyāśayaprāptaḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 121.8, arrived at control of the meaning of all dharma, attained to (an under- standing of) the intent (purpose) of all dharma; durbalā- dhyāśayāś ca Mahāvastu i.79.13, and feeble in determination; bodhisattvasyādhyāśayaśuddhitām Avadāna-śataka i.221.4, compare adhyā- śayāś ca pariśuddhāḥ Mahāvastu i.102.5; similarly Daśabhūmikasūtra 63.23; miscellaneous, Mahāvastu i.77.6; 153.10 (kalyāṇa-, compare Bodhisattvabhūmi 18.16—18 above); Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 10.7 (corrupt; read yad uta tāraṇā- dhyāśayapratipattyā, determination to save, compare 10.13 tāra- ṇārtha); Jātakamālā 41.2—3 (jagatparitrāṇādhyāśayaḥ, compare prec.); 45.24; 68.6; Gaṇḍavyūha 143.3; Bodhisattvabhūmi 242.8 ff.; (2) in looser sense of mentality, mind in general, upahatādhyāśayatvāt Jātakamālā 186.13, because his mind was affected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyāśaya (अध्याशय):—[=adhy-āśaya] m. inclination, disposition, [Lalita-vistara]

2) [v.s. ...] an imagination, [Buddha-carita i, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] purpose, [Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhyashaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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