Krittika, Kṛttikā, Kṛttika: 19 definitions
Krittika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṛttikā and Kṛttika can be transliterated into English as Krttika or Krittika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Kṛttikā (भरणी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Kṛttikānakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Kṛttikā means “nurse of Kārttikeya, a son of Śiva” and is associated with the deity known as Agni (God of fire). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Sūrya (Sun).
Indian zodiac: |26° 40' Meṣa| – |10° Vṛṣabha|
Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) corresponds with Aries and Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) corresponds Taurus
Western zodiac: |22° 40' Taurus| – |6° Gemini|
Taurus corresponds with Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) and Gemini corresponds with Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’).
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—The nakṣatra of Kṛttikā. Note: Kṛttikā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—When Subrahmaṇya was born the Devas deputed six mothers to breast-feed him, and they are called Kṛttikās. Certain Purāṇas hold the view that six faces were caused to Subrahmaṇya as he had to feed on six breasts at the same time while others opine that six mothers were deputed to feed him as he was born with six faces. Again, according to certain Purāṇas it was Pārvatī, who deputed the Kṛttikās. The child came to be known as Kārttikeya also as it was fed by the Kṛttikās. (Skanda Purāṇa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Canto 37 and Kathāsaritsāgara, Lāvāṇakalambaka, Taraṅga 6).
After having fed Skanda the Kṛttikās entered into the sphere of the stars. (Vana Parva, Chapter 236, Verse 11). The star into which the Kṛttikās entered is called the Kṛttikā star. Nārada said once that if one feeds brahmins with ghee and pudding on Kārttika day one may ascend to Devaloka. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 64, Verse 5).
2) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—A holy place. He who bathes here will derive the benefits of performing an Atirātra Yajña. (Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 51).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kṛttika (कृत्तिक).—The Pleidas; a lunar mansion; personified. Six in number, nursed Kumāra: wives of Soma, childless due to Dakṣa's curse.1 An important day for the śrāḍdha offerings, sacred to moon.2 A constellation containing six stars.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 7. 64; VI. 6. 14 and 23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 27; 54. 11; 55. 12; 158. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 115; II. 8. 76.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 77 and 145; 24. 130; III. 10. 44; 18. 2.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48. 82. 2.
1b) A parva; when the sun goes to the first aṃśa, the moon is in the fourth aṃśa of Viśākha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 107; 50. 96; 53. 105.
Kṛttika (कृत्तिक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.46). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛttika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Kṛttikā is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.23) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—They are unquestionably η Tauri, etc., the Pleiades. The names of the seven stars forming this constellation, and given above from Yajurveda texts, include three—abhrayantī, ‘forming clouds’; meghayantī, ‘making cloudy’; varṣayantī, ‘causing rain’—which clearly refer to the rainy Pleiades. The word kṛttikā possibly means ‘web,’ from the root kṛt, ‘spin’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Kṛttikā is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Mao, Tibetan Smin-drug and modern Tauri (Pleiades).
Kṛttikā is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (e.g., Kṛttikā), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kṛttikā).Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका) refers to the third of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Kṛttikā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Kṛttikā is given the colour green].
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f (S) The third of the lunar mansions, Pleiades.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f The third of the lunar mansions.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—(pl.) [kṛt-tikan kicca; Uṇ.3.147]
1) The third of the 27 lunar mansions or asterisms, (consisting of 6 stars) the Pleiades; Bhāg.6.14.3.
2) The six stars represented as nymphs acting as nurses to Kārtikeya, the god of war.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kā) 1. The third of the lunar mansions, or constellations in the moon’s path, consisting of six stars, and corresponding to the Pleiades. 2. (In mythology,) a nymph; one of six, the nurses of Kartike'Ya. E. kṛt to cut, ktin and kan affixes; the figure of the asterism is a razor or knife.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f., generally pl. The third of the lunar mansions, Mahābhārata 1, 2588.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—[feminine] [plural] (later sgl.) the Pleiads, personif. as the nurses of Skanda.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका):—[from kṛt] f. [plural] (rarely sg. [Mahābhārata iii, 14464; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 14, 30]), Name of a constellation (the Pleiads, originally the first, but in later times the third lunar mansion, having Agni as its regent; this constellation, containing six stars, is sometimes represented as a flame or as a kind of razor or knife; for their oldest names See, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā iv, 4, 5, 1]; in mythol. the six Kṛttikās are nymphs who became the nurses of the god of war, Kārttikeya), [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] white spots, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxv, 5 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
3) [v.s. ...] a vehicle, cart, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṛttika (कृत्तिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Cutting, injured. (kā) 1. f. The third of the lunar mansions; a nymph.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 145.] f. pl. Name eines Sternbildes, die Plejaden; bilden in der älteren Zeit das erste, in der späteren das dritte Mondhaus und haben Agni zum Regenten. Das aus sechs Sternen best. Sternbild wird bald als Flamme ( [KĀLIDĀSA im Śabdakalpadruma]), bald als Scheermesser ([Śabdakalpadruma] ohne Angabe einer Aut.) dargestellt. In der Mythologie sind die sechs Plejaden die Ammen des sechsantlitzigen Kriegsgottes. [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 26, 201.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 109.] [Colebrooke I, 90. 107. II, 331. 358. 360.] [Akademische Vorlesungen 221. 264.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 240, Nalopākhyāna 4.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 87, Nalopākhyāna 1. 99. 240. 413. fg.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 9, 7, 3. 19, 7, 2.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 4, 4, 10, 1. 5, 3, 9, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 1, 2, 1. fgg.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4. 7, 2.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 2, 1, 7.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 1, 1, 1.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 267.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2588. 3, 10663. 14429. 13, 1732. 3256.] [Harivaṃśa 158. 9875.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 38, 23.] [Suśruta 1, 106, 6. 2, 385, 1. 386, 8. 394, 1. 4.] [Raghuvaṃśa 14, 22.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 88.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 224. 226,] [Nalopākhyāna 21.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 6, 23.] āśrame kṛttikānām [Mahābhārata 13, 1711.] kṛttikāmaghayoścaiva tīrtham [3, 8029.] kṛttikāṅgārake zur Zeit der Vereinigung des Mars mit den Plejaden [13, 1708.] mūlakṛttikān (so ist wohl zu lesen) [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 16, 18.] Im sg.: tridivaṃ kṛttikā gatā . nakṣatraṃ saptaśīrṣābhaṃ bhāti tadvahnidaivatam [Mahābhārata 3, 14464.] sāpi tatprāśanādeva citraketoradhārayat . garbhaṃ kṛtadyutirdevī kṛttikāgnerivātmajam .. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 14, 30.] Die appellative Bed. soll Wagen sein; vgl. den folg. Art. Der Form nach schliesst sich kṛttikā an kṛtti an; vielleicht stellte man sich das Sternbild als Fell dar. — Vgl. kārttika, kārttikika, kārttikeya .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका):—f. —
1) Pl. und (später) Sg. die Plejaden (in der älteren Zeit das erste , später des dritte Mondhaus ). Die sechs Plejaden personif. sind die Ammen Skanda's. kṛttikānāmāśramaḥ eine best. Einsiedelei. adva kṛttikā so v.a. heute steht der Mond in der Plejaden. kṛttikāmāghayostīrtham ein best. Tīrtha. kṛttikāṅgārake zur Zeit der Vereinigung des Mars mit den Plejaden. —
2) weisse Tüpfel Comm. zu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā 65,5.] —
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Krittikabhava, Krittikacarini, Krittikacharini, Krittikamahatmya, Krittikanakshatra, Krittikangaraka, Krittikanji, Krittikapinjara, Krittikapunja, Krittikapura, Krittikaputra, Krittikarya, Krittikasambhava, Krittikashrama, Krittikasuta, Krittikatanaya.
Full-text (+54): Krittikasuta, Karttikeya, Dahanksha, Mridutikshna, Nagavithi, Krittikabhava, Karttika, Dula, Hautabhuja, Krittikanji, Nitatni, Meghayanti, Abhrayanti, Anala, Pragdvara, Krittikanakshatra, Bhagnapadarksha, Kritti, Krittikapinjara, Krittikasambhava.
Search found 42 books and stories containing Krittika, Kṛttikā, Kṛttika, Krttika; (plurals include: Krittikas, Kṛttikās, Kṛttikas, Krttikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 4 - Search for Kārttikeya and his conversation with Nandin < [Section 2.4 - Rudra-saṃhitā (4): Kumāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 31 - Description of Creation (2) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 5 - Kārttikeya is crowned < [Section 2.4 - Rudra-saṃhitā (4): Kumāra-khaṇḍa]
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 28 - Preparations of Devas and Daityas for War < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 261 - Dhyānayoga < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 45 - Greatness of Tripuṣkara < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)