Krittika, aka: Kṛttikā, Kṛttika; 10 Definition(s)
Krittika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṛttikā and Kṛttika can be transliterated into English as Krttika or Krittika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Kṛttikā (भरणी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Kṛttikānakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Kṛttikā means “nurse of Kārttikeya, a son of Śiva” and is associated with the deity known as Agni (God of fire). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Sūrya (Sun).
Indian zodiac: |26° 40' Meṣa| – |10° Vṛṣabha|
Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) corresponds with Aries and Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) corresponds Taurus
Western zodiac: |22° 40' Taurus| – |6° Gemini|
Taurus corresponds with Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) and Gemini corresponds with Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’).
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—The nakṣatra of Kṛttikā. Note: Kṛttikā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
1) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—When Subrahmaṇya was born the Devas deputed six mothers to breast-feed him, and they are called Kṛttikās. Certain Purāṇas hold the view that six faces were caused to Subrahmaṇya as he had to feed on six breasts at the same time while others opine that six mothers were deputed to feed him as he was born with six faces. Again, according to certain Purāṇas it was Pārvatī, who deputed the Kṛttikās. The child came to be known as Kārttikeya also as it was fed by the Kṛttikās. (Skanda Purāṇa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Canto 37 and Kathāsaritsāgara, Lāvāṇakalambaka, Taraṅga 6).
After having fed Skanda the Kṛttikās entered into the sphere of the stars. (Vana Parva, Chapter 236, Verse 11). The star into which the Kṛttikās entered is called the Kṛttikā star. Nārada said once that if one feeds brahmins with ghee and pudding on Kārttika day one may ascend to Devaloka. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 64, Verse 5).
2) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—A holy place. He who bathes here will derive the benefits of performing an Atirātra Yajña. (Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 51).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kṛttika (कृत्तिक).—The Pleidas; a lunar mansion; personified. Six in number, nursed Kumāra: wives of Soma, childless due to Dakṣa's curse.1 An important day for the śrāḍdha offerings, sacred to moon.2 A constellation containing six stars.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 7. 64; VI. 6. 14 and 23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 27; 54. 11; 55. 12; 158. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 115; II. 8. 76.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 77 and 145; 24. 130; III. 10. 44; 18. 2.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48. 82. 2.
1b) A parva; when the sun goes to the first aṃśa, the moon is in the fourth aṃśa of Viśākha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 107; 50. 96; 53. 105.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Kṛttika (कृत्तिक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.46). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛttika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Kṛttikā is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.23) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—They are unquestionably η Tauri, etc., the Pleiades. The names of the seven stars forming this constellation, and given above from Yajurveda texts, include three—abhrayantī, ‘forming clouds’; meghayantī, ‘making cloudy’; varṣayantī, ‘causing rain’—which clearly refer to the rainy Pleiades. The word kṛttikā possibly means ‘web,’ from the root kṛt, ‘spin’.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Kṛttikā is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Mao, Tibetan Smin-drug and modern Tauri (Pleiades).
Kṛttikā is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Kṛttikā), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f (S) The third of the lunar mansions, Pleiades.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—f The third of the lunar mansions.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—(pl.) [kṛt-tikan kicca; Uṇ.3.147]
1) The third of the 27 lunar mansions or asterisms, (consisting of 6 stars) the Pleiades; Bhāg.6.14.3.
2) The six stars represented as nymphs acting as nurses to Kārtikeya, the god of war.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Kṛttikānakṣatra (भरणीनक्षत्र) is another name for Kṛttikā: a particular section of the ecliptic...
Kṛttikātanaya (कृत्तिकातनय).—epithets of Kārtikeya; अनुगच्छति देवेशं ब्रह्मण्यः कृत्तिकासुतः (a...
Kṛttikābhava (कृत्तिकाभव).—the moon.Derivable forms: kṛttikābhavaḥ (कृत्तिकाभवः).Kṛttikābhava i...
Kṛttikāsuta (कृत्तिकासुत).—epithets of Kārtikeya; अनुगच्छति देवेशं ब्रह्मण्यः कृत्तिकासुतः (anu...
Kṛttikāputra (कृत्तिकापुत्र).—epithets of Kārtikeya; अनुगच्छति देवेशं ब्रह्मण्यः कृत्तिकासुतः (...
Kṛttikāñji (कृत्तिकाञ्जि).—a kind of horse in an Aśvamedha sacrifice having a carriage as an em...
Kṛttikāśrama (कृत्तिकाश्रम).—A holy centre. One who bathes here and worships the Pitṛs will be ...
Nakṣatra (नक्षत्र).—1. One of the twenty-seven or twenty-eight constellations that lie in the o...
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Search found 28 books and stories containing Krittika, Kṛttikā or Kṛttika. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXVII - Origin of nine Grahas < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XXVII - Specific features of nine malignant Grahas < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.24 < [Section XII - Creation of Time]
Verse 6.50 < [Section VI - Procedure of going forth as a Wandering Mendicant]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)