Upashaya, Upaśaya, Upaśāya: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Upashaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Upaśaya and Upaśāya can be transliterated into English as Upasaya or Upashaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Upaśaya (उपशय):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “alleviating factor”, referring to one of the “five characteristics of diagnosis” (pañcalakṣaṇanidāna). It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. These five characteristics are regarded as very important clues for diagnosis (nidāna) within Āyurveda.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of upashaya or upasaya in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaśaya (उपशय).—See under उपशी (upaśī).

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Upaśaya (उपशय).—a.

1) Lying by the side of

2) Productive of happiness or rest.

-thaḥ 1 Lying by the side of.

2) A lair, ambush; हन्ति नोपशयस्थोऽपि शयालुर्मृगयुर्मृगान् (hanti nopaśayastho'pi śayālurmṛgayurmṛgān) Śi.2. 8.

3) Diagnosis by the effect of certain articles of food, or medicine (one of the five elements of nidāna).

4) Allaying disease by diet, regimen &c.

-yā A prepared piece of clay.

-stha a. Lying in ambush (as a hunter); see उपशयः (upaśayaḥ) (2).

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Upaśāya (उपशाय).—Sleeping in turn, rotation for sleeping with (another who keeps watch at night). 'उपशायोपशायश्च पर्यायशयनार्थकाः (upaśāyopaśāyaśca paryāyaśayanārthakāḥ)'; cf. निशोपशायः कर्तव्यः फलोच्चायश्च संहतैः (niśopaśāyaḥ kartavyaḥ phaloccāyaśca saṃhataiḥ) Bk.7.41.

Derivable forms: upaśāyaḥ (उपशायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaśaya (उपशय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Productive of happiness or rest. m.

(-yaḥ) 1. As- certainment of disease or diagnosis by the effect of certain articles of food or medicine. 2. Allaying disease by diet, regimen, &c. E. upa before śī to sleep, ac aff.

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Upaśāya (उपशाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Watching and sleeping alternately. E. upa alternately, śī to sleep, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaśaya (उपशय).—[adjective] lying near or at hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaśaya (उपशय):—[=upa-śaya] a See upa-√śī.

2) Upaśāya (उपशाय):—[=upa-śāya] a etc. See upa-√śī.

3) Upaśaya (उपशय):—[=upa-śaya] [from upa-śī] b mfn. lying near at hand or close by, lying ready for use, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] m. one of the Yūpas (or posts to which the sacrificial animal is tied), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 6, 4, 4]

5) [v.s. ...] the lying near or by the side of

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of hole in the ground (placed near the track of wild animals, for a hunter to conceal himself in [Mallinātha on Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 80])

7) [v.s. ...] (in med.) the allaying (of diseases) by suitable remedies, suitableness, usefulness, advantageous medicine, [Caraka]

8) [v.s. ...] the liking, predilection (of a sick person as for coolness etc.), [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] diagnosis by the effect of certain articles of food or medicine, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) Upaśayā (उपशया):—[=upa-śayā] [from upa-śaya > upa-śī] f. ([scilicet] mṛd) a piece of clay prepared and ready for use, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

11) Upaśāya (उपशाय):—[=upa-śāya] [from upa-śī] b m. (ifc.) the turn for lying down or sleeping with, [Pāṇini 3-3, 39] (cf. rājopośāya.)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Upaśaya (उपशय):——

1) Adj. daneben — , daliegend.

2) m. — a) *das daneben Liegen. — b) das Wohlbekommen , Zuträglichkeit , begünstigender Umstand. — c) Vorliebe. — d) Bez. des 12ten Yūpa [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6,6,4,4.] Nom.abstr. upaśayatva n. [ebend.] —

3) f. ā ein bereit liegendes Stück Thon.

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Upaśāya (उपशाय):—m. die Reihe bei Jmd zu schlafen , abwechselndes Schlafen bei Jmd.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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