Svap, Shvap: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Svap means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svap (स्वप्).—2 P. (svapiti, suptaḥ; pass. supyate; desid. suṣupsati) (rarely 1 U. svapati-te)

1) To sleep, fall asleep, go to sleep; असञ्जातकिणस्कन्धः सुखं स्वपिति गौर्गडिः (asañjātakiṇaskandhaḥ sukhaṃ svapiti gaurgaḍiḥ) K. P.1; इतः स्वपिति केशवः (itaḥ svapiti keśavaḥ) Bh.2.76.

2) To recline, repose, lie down, rest.

3) To be absorbed in; स्वापं वाञ्छसि चेन्निरर्गलसुखे चेतः सखे सुप्यताम् (svāpaṃ vāñchasi cennirargalasukhe cetaḥ sakhe supyatām) Bv.4.19. -Caus. (svāpayati-te) To cause to sleep, rock to sleep. -With अव, नि, प्र (ava, ni, pra), or सम् (sam) to sleep, lie down; प्रसुप्तलक्षणः (prasuptalakṣaṇaḥ) Māl.7; वीज्यते स हि संसुप्तः (vījyate sa hi saṃsuptaḥ) Ku.2. 42; तत् प्रसुप्तभुजगेन्द्रभीषणं वीक्ष्य दाशरथिंराददे धनुः (tat prasuptabhujagendrabhīṣaṇaṃ vīkṣya dāśarathiṃrādade dhanuḥ) R.11.44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣvap (ष्वप्).—[(ñi au)ñiṣvapau] r. 2nd cl. (svapiti) To sleep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svap (स्वप्).—ii. 2 (i. 1, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 99), [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 15993), 1. To sleep, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 25. 2. To fall asleep, Mahābhārata 2, 2027. 3. To lie down to sleep, to go to bed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 99. 4. To lie down, to extend one’s self, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 103. 5. To lie, Mahābhārata 4, 1674. 6. To be dead, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 18, 11. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. supta. 1. Having slept, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 64. 2. Sleeping, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 135. 3. Senseless. n. Sleep. Comp. Divā-, adj. sleeping at day, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 110.

— With the prep. ava ava. To sleep, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 56, 1.

— With pra pra, To fall asleep, [Hitopadeśa] 50, 2. prasupta, 1. Beginning to sleep, [Pañcatantra] 134, 6; gone to bed, [Pañcatantra] 117, 12. 2. Fallen asleep, Chr. 38, 6. 3. Slept, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 65. 4. Sleeping, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 6.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, To sleep, Mahābhārata 1, 955.

— With sam sam, To sleep, Mahābhārata 1, 5967.

— Cf. [Latin] sopire ([Causal.]); A. S. swefian; [Old High German.] suabjan, suebjan; see svapna, also with l for v (cf. śvas); [Gothic.] slêpan; A. S. slápan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svap (स्वप्).—svapiti & svapati svapate [participle] supta (q.v.) sleep, fall asleep, lie down, repose, be dead. [Causative] svāpayati (svapayati) make sleep, bring to rest, kill. [Desiderative] suṣupsati wish to sleep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svap (स्वप्):—1. svap [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 60]) svapiti ([Vedic or Veda] and [Epic] also svapati, te; [imperative] svaptu, [Atharva-veda]; [Potential] svapīta, [Mahābhārata]; [perfect tense] suṣvāpa [3. [plural] suṣupuḥ; p. suṣupvas and suṣupāṇa, qq.vv.] [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; [Aorist] asvāpsīt; Prec. supyāt, [Gṛhya-sūtra] [future] svaptā, [Mahābhārata]; svapiṣyati, [Atharva-veda]; te, [Rāmāyaṇa]; svapsyati, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; te, [Mahābhārata] etc.; [infinitive mood] svaptum, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [indeclinable participle] suptvā, [Atharva-veda] etc., -svāpam, [Ṛg-veda]),

—to sleep, fall asleep (with varṣa-śatam, ‘to sleep for a hundred years, sleep the eternal sleep’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to lie down, recline upon ([locative case]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to be dead, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa];—[Passive voice] supyate ([Aorist] asvāpi), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;—[Causal] svāpayati, or (mc.) svapayati ([Aorist] asūṣupat; in [Ṛg-veda] also siṣvapaḥ, siṣvap; [Passive voice] svāpyate),

—to cause to sleep, lull to rest, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa];

—to kill, [Ṛg-veda; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Desiderative] of [Causal] suṣvāpayiṣati [grammar]:—[Desiderative] suṣupsati, to wish to sleep, [Nirukta, by Yāska xiv, 4] :—[Intensive] soṣupyate, sāsvapīti, sāsvapti, soṣupīti, soṣopti [grammar]

2) cf. [Greek] ὕπ-νος; [Latin] somnus for sop-nus, sopor, sopire; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sŭpati; [Lithuanian] sápnas; [Anglo-Saxon] swefan, ‘to sleep.’

3) [=sv-ap] 2. sv-ap mfn. having good water, [Vopadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣvap (ष्वप्):—(li ñi) svapiti 2. a. To sleep.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svap (स्वप्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Lisa, Loṭṭa, Saya, Sua, Suppa, Suva, So, Soa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svap in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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