Sayaka, Sāyaka, Shayaka, Śāyaka: 13 definitions



Sayaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāyaka can be transliterated into English as Sayaka or Shayaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shayak.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Sāyaka (सायक) refers to a kind of weapon (a missile or arrow). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sāyaka (सायक).—1. Arrow. 2. Height of an arc or segment of a circle. Note: Sāyaka is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāyaka.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: sāyaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāyaka : (adj.) one who tastes.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāyaka (सायक).—m An arrow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāyaka (शायक).—

1) An arrow.

2) A sword; cf. सायक (sāyaka).

Derivable forms: śāyakaḥ (शायकः).

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Sāyaka (सायक).—[so-ṇvul]

1) An arrow; तत् साधुकृतसंधानं प्रतिसंहर सायकम् (tat sādhukṛtasaṃdhānaṃ pratisaṃhara sāyakam) Ś.1.11.

2) A sword.

3) The number 'five'

4) The latitude of the sky.

Derivable forms: sāyakaḥ (सायकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāyaka (शायक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An arrow. 2. A sword. E. śī to destroy, ṇvul aff.; also sāyaka .

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Sāyaka (सायक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An arrow. 2. A sword. f.

(-yikā) Standing in order. E. ṣo to destroy, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāyaka (शायक).—see sāyaka.

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Sāyaka (सायक).—[sāya + ka] (and śāyaka śāyaka), m. 1. An arrow, [Pañcatantra] 120, 10. 2. A sword.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāyaka (शायक).—[feminine] yikā = [preceding]; *[feminine] also mode of lying or one’s turn to lie.

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Sāyaka (सायक).—[adjective] suitable for hurling; [masculine] [neuter] missile, arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāyaka (शायक):—[from śāya] mf(ikā)n. idem, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra] (cf. kośa-, vṛkṣa-śāyikā)

2) [from śāya] [wrong reading] for sāyaka, arrow.

3) Sāyaka (सायक):—[from sāya] mfn. intended or fitted to be discharged or hurled, [Ṛg-veda] ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 20])

4) [v.s. ...] m. (in, [Ṛg-veda] also n.) a missile, arrow, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] m. a symbolical expression for the number ‘five’ (from the 5 arrows of the god of love), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a sword, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] the latitude of the sky, [Gaṇitādhyāya]

8) [v.s. ...] Saccharum Sara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Pravara texts]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śāyaka (शायक):—(wie eben)

1) adj. (f. śāyikā) liegend, ruhend; s. kośaśāyikā, puṣkara, vṛkṣa . —

2) f. śāyikā das Liegen, Ruhen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 108, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1, Scholiast] die Reihe zu liegen, zu ruhen: bhavataḥ [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 15. 3, 3, 111.] — Vgl. mṛga .

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Sāyaka (सायक):—(von 2. si)

1) adj. zum Schleudern bestimmt [das 2, 20.] vajra [Ṛgveda 1, 32, 3. 84, 11. 10, 83, 1.] —

2) m. und n. ( [Ṛgveda]) Wurfgeschoss, Pfeil [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 1, 2.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 53.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 778.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 107.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 167.] [Halāyudha 2, 311.] arhanbibharṣi.sāyakāni.dhanva [Ṛgveda 2, 33, 10. 3, 53, 23. 10, 48, 4.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 69, 17. 5, 33, 38.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 53. ed. Calc. 57.] [Śākuntala 11. 36.] [Gītagovinda 12, 19.] [Pañcatantra 120, 10.] tūṇau cākṣayyasāyakau [Mahābhārata 3, 11980.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 41. 2, 31, 30.] vāksāyakāḥ [Spr. (II) 6018.] tīkṣṇasūryāṃśusāyakaiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 95, 12.] kanyāmekāmapaśyāma kāmasyāstramasāyakam [4, 3.] smarasāyakalakṣyatā 31. —

3) m. Bez. der Zahl fünf (wegen der 5 Pfeile des Liebesgottes) [Sāhityadarpana 264.] —

4) m. Schwert [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 142.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 4, 1336.] —

5) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa naḍādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 99.] [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 59, 25. fg.] —

6) fg. sāyikā a) Dolch [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 145.] — b) = kramasthiti [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] fehlerhaft für śāyikā . — Vgl. asama, puṣpa, harimanyu .

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Śāyaka (शायक):—

2) Art und Weise zu liegen: hataśāyikāḥ śayyante [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.3,41,a.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śāyaka (शायक) [Also spelled shayak]:—(nm) an arrow.

2) Sāyaka (सायक):—(nm) an arrow.

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