Sanga, Saṅga, Śaṅga, Shanga: 16 definitions



Sanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅga can be transliterated into English as Sanga or Shanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śaṅga (शङ्ग).—A sage of the epoch of Auttama Manu*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 14.

2) Saṅga (सङ्ग).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 238.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Saṅga (सङ्ग).—Meeting point of two or more rivers.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Saṅga (सङ्ग) refers to “association”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sanga (संग): Son of Virata. When king Virata was wounded, he had to get into Sanga's chariot, having lost his chariot, horses and charioteer

India history and geogprahy

Source: Chronology Of Nepal History Reconstructed

Sanga refers to one of the seven villages in Nepal that, together with Bhaktapur, were constructed by Anandamalla during the second Thakuri dynasty of Amshuvarman (720 A.D. to 945 A.D.).—Anandamalla, founded Bhaktapura or Bhatagam and the seven towns, Venipura, Panati, Nala, Dhomakhel, Khadpu or Shadpu, Chankat, and Sanga, and resided in Bhatgam.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅga : (m.) attachment; clinging.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅga, (fr. sañj: see sajjati1) cleaving, clinging, attachment, bond S. I, 25, 117 sq.; A. III, 311; IV, 289; Dh. 170, 342, etc.; Sn. 61, 212, 386, 390, 475, etc.; Dhs. 1059; DhsA. 363; J. III, 201; the five saṅgas are rāga, dosa, moha, māna, and diṭṭhi, Thag. 633=Dhp. 370; DhA. IV, 187; seven saṅgas, It. 94; Nd1 91, 432; Nd2 620. —âtiga one who has overcome attachment, free from attachment, an Arahant M. I, 386; S. I, 3, 23; IV, 158= It. 58; Sn. 250, 473, 621; DhA. IV, 159. (Page 665)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅga (संग).—m (S) Union, junction, connection, association, companionship, society. Neatly used in comp. as satsaṅga, khalasaṅga, aṅgasaṅga, sādhusaṅga, strīsaṅga, vidhavāsaṅga, gurusaṅga. 2 Congress of the sexes.

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sāṅga (सांग).—f (śakti S through H) A spear or a javelin (esp. a spear) altogether of iron.

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sāṅga (सांग).—a (S sa & aṅga) That is with all its members, parts, wings, appendages, and appertaining particulars; complete, entire, full, perfect;--as a ceremony, rite, work, act.

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sāṅga (सांग).—m (Vulgar. sāṅgaṇēṃ) Telling, bidding, direction, mandate, order. v sāṅga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅga (संग).—m Union, junction, connection, association, society; as in satsaṅga, sādhusaṅga khalasaṅga.

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sāṅga (सांग).—f An iron spear.

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sāṅga (सांग).—a Complete, entire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—a. [sahāṅgena aṅgairvā]

1) Having members.

2) Complete in every part.

3) Together with the six aṅgas or auxiliary members.

4) Concluded, finished.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅga (सङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Meeting, encountering. 2. Association, intercourse, friendship. 3. Joining, uniting. 4. Desire, wish, cupidity. 5. Addiction or devotion to. 6. Confluence of rivers. 7. Contact, touch. 8. Worldly attachment. E. sam together, gam to go, aff. ḍa; or ṣañj to embrace, ghañ aff.

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Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā or ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) 1. Having all the members. 2. Comprising all the sub-divisions. E. sa with, aṅga a limb or part.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅga (सङ्ग).—i. e. sam-ga (vb. gam), and sañj + a, m. 1. Joining, uniting, [Pañcatantra] 187, 6. 2. Meeting, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 33, 6. 3. Confluence of rivers. 4. Touch, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 170, 3. 5. Association, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 202, M. M.; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 224; keeping company, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 34; intercourse, friendship, love (kāntā-, of one’s wife), [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 83. 6. Attaching, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 42 (an arrow, i. e. throwing). 7. Attachment, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 600; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 194; wordly attachment, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 48. 8. Desire, cupidity, [Indralokāgamana] 4, 3; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 3.

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Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—i. e. sa-aṅga, adj. 1. With the members, divisions. 2. Complete, finished, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 166, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅga (सङ्ग).—1. [masculine] (adj. —° [feminine] ā & ī) sticking to, hanging upon, contact with ([locative] or —°); meeting, encounter; near relation to, intercourse (also sexual) with ([genetive], [instrumental] ±saha, [locative], or —°); attachment or devotion to, propensity for, desire of ([locative] or —°).

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Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—[adjective] haviNg limbs or a body; with all parts or supplements (Veda); complete, finished.

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Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—[adjective] haviNg limbs or a body; with all parts or supplements (Veda); complete, finished.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṅga (सङ्ग):—[from saj] m. (ifc. f(ā or ī). ) sticking, clinging to, touch, contact with ([locative case] or [compound]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] relation to, association or intercourse with ([genitive case] [instrumental case] with and without saha [locative case], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] addiction or devotion to, propensity for, ([especially]) worldly or selfish attachment or affection, desire, wish, cupidity, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (with atreḥ) Name of a Sāman, [Brāhmaṇa]

5) Sāṅga (साङ्ग):—mfn. or saṅga having limbs or a body, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) together with the limbs, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) with all its Aṅgas or supplements, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

8) complete, entire, [Mahābhārata]

9) concluded, finished, [Uttararāma-carita]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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