Sanga, aka: Saṅga, Śaṅga, Shanga; 8 Definition(s)


Sanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅga can be transliterated into English as Sanga or Shanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1) Śaṅga (शङ्ग).—A sage of the epoch of Auttama Manu*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 14.

2) Saṅga (सङ्ग).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 238.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sanga (संग): Son of Virata. When king Virata was wounded, he had to get into Sanga's chariot, having lost his chariot, horses and charioteer

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Saṅga (सङ्ग).—Meeting point of two or more rivers.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

saṅga : (m.) attachment; clinging.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅga, (fr. sañj: see sajjati1) cleaving, clinging, attachment, bond S. I, 25, 117 sq.; A. III, 311; IV, 289; Dh. 170, 342, etc.; Sn. 61, 212, 386, 390, 475, etc.; Dhs. 1059; DhsA. 363; J. III, 201; the five saṅgas are rāga, dosa, moha, māna, and diṭṭhi, Thag. 633=Dhp. 370; DhA. IV, 187; seven saṅgas, It. 94; Nd1 91, 432; Nd2 620. —âtiga one who has overcome attachment, free from attachment, an Arahant M. I, 386; S. I, 3, 23; IV, 158= It. 58; Sn. 250, 473, 621; DhA. IV, 159. (Page 665)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

saṅga (संग).—m (S) Union, junction, connection, association, companionship, society. Neatly used in comp. as satsaṅga, khalasaṅga, aṅgasaṅga, sādhusaṅga, strīsaṅga, vidhavāsaṅga, gurusaṅga. 2 Congress of the sexes.

--- OR ---

sāṅga (सांग).—f (śakti S through H) A spear or a javelin (esp. a spear) altogether of iron.

--- OR ---

sāṅga (सांग).—a (S sa & aṅga) That is with all its members, parts, wings, appendages, and appertaining particulars; complete, entire, full, perfect;--as a ceremony, rite, work, act.

--- OR ---

sāṅga (सांग).—m (Vulgar. sāṅgaṇēṃ) Telling, bidding, direction, mandate, order. v sāṅga.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅga (संग).—m Union, junction, connection, association, society; as in satsaṅga, sādhusaṅga khalasaṅga.

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sāṅga (सांग).—f An iron spear.

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sāṅga (सांग).—a Complete, entire.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāṅga (साङ्ग).—a. [sahāṅgena aṅgairvā]

1) Having members.

2) Complete in every part.

3) Together with the six aṅgas or auxiliary members.

4) Concluded, finished.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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