Sangin, Saṃgin, Saṅgin, Saṅgī, Saṃgī, Samgin, Sangi, Samgi: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Sangin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃgī (संगी) refers to “one who associates” (with others), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as the seven Sages said (with false words) to Pārvatī: “[...] The trident-bearing Śiva has an inauspicious body, is free from shame and has no home or pedigree. He is naked and ill-featured. He associates with ghosts and goblins and the like [i.e., pretabhūta-ādi-saṃgī]. That rogue of a sage has destroyed your discretion with his deception. He has deluded you with apparently good arguments and made you perform this penance. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Saṃgin (संगिन्) (Cf. Saṃginī) refers to a “consort”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ blueish, dark-blue, eyeliner dark, a consort united (saṃga-saṃginī) with Akṣobhya, I worship you with devotion, arising from an indestructible word, Māmakī”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: SOAS Research Online: Prekṣā meditation: History and Methods

Saṅgī (सङ्गी) refers to “attachment”; as opposed to Asaṅgī—“being in detachment” which refers to one of the 46 qualities of the soul to be meditated on in the “Practice of Meditation on Liberated Souls (Siddhas)”, according to Jain texts like Ācārāṅga (5.6.123-140), Ṣaṭkhaṇḍāgama (13.5.4.31) and Samayasāra (1.49).—The pure soul can be recognised by meditation on its true nature, represented by the liberated souls of the Siddhas. [...] The qualities of the soul to be meditated on as truly mine are: [e.g., My soul is being in detachment (a-saṅgī)] [...] The meditation on such extended fourty-five qualities of the pure soul presents the niśacaya-naya, which is aligned with Kundakunda’s approach.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Saṅgī (सङ्गी).—a (S) That is the companion of; that is united with or attached to. In comp. Ex. sādhu- saṅgī, guṇasaṅgī, strīsaṅgī, duṣṭasaṅgī, satsaṅgī.

--- OR ---

sāṅgī (सांगी).—f (sāṅgaṇēṃ) Direction, instruction, injunction, bidding, intimation, warning &c., saying or say. v sāṅga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Saṅgī (सङ्गी).—a That is the company of; that is attached to. In comp. Ex. sādhusaṅgī.

--- OR ---

sāṅgī (सांगी).—f Direction, injunction, warning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃgin (संगिन्).—a.

1) United with, meeting.

2) Attached or devoted to, fond of; बद्धमिव स्वैरगतिर्जनमिह सुखसंगिनमवैमि (baddhamiva svairagatirjanamiha sukhasaṃginamavaimi) Ś.5.11; R.19.16; M.4.2; बुद्धिभेदं न जनयेदज्ञानां कर्मसंगिनाम् (buddhibhedaṃ na janayedajñānāṃ karmasaṃginām) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.26;14.15.

3) Full of affection, desirous.

4) Libidinous, lustful.

5) Continuous, uninterrupted; विधूनितं भ्रान्तिमियाय संगिनीम् (vidhūnitaṃ bhrāntimiyāya saṃginīm) Kirātārjunīya 14.59.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्).—mfn. (-ṅgī-ṅginī-ṅgi) 1. Uniting with, going to or with, attached. 2. Devoted or addicted to, intent on. 3. Libidinous, lustful, desirous. E. saṅga union, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्).—i. e. saṅga + in, adj., f. , 1. Uniting with. 2. Attached, devoted to, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 26. 3. Lustful, libidinous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्).—[adjective] sticking to or in, hanging on, coming into contact with (—°); devoted to, intent upon, occupied with ([locative], [genetive], or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgin (संगिन्):—[from saṃ-gam] mfn. (for saṅgin See √sañj) going with or to, uniting with, meeting, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्):—[from saj] mfn. hanging on, sticking in, clinging or adhering to ([compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] coming into contact with, touching ([compound]), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] attached or devoted or addicted to, fond of, intent on, connected with ([genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] full of affection or desire, worldly, licentious, [Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] continuous, uninterrupted, [Kirātārjunīya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्):—[(ṅgī-ṅginī-ṅgi) a.] Uniting with; intent on; lustful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṅgin (सङ्गिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sangin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃgī (संगी) [Also spelled sangi]:—(nm) a companion; an associate; —[sāthī] friends and companions.

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sangi in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a companion; an associate; —[sathi] friends and companions..—sangi (संगी) is alternatively transliterated as Saṃgī.

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sangin in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) bayonet; (a) serious; critical; —[jurma] serious crime; —[halata] critical condition; —[ki noka para] at the point of the bayonet..—sangin (संगीन) is alternatively transliterated as Saṃgīna.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃgi (संगि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṅgin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃgi (ಸಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] that which is associated, united with.

2) [noun] a man who is entangled in personal relation, infatuation, etc.

3) [noun] a companion; an asociate.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Saṃgī (संगी):—[=सँगी] n. one who is attached or devoted; an associate; a friend; a companion; a partner;

2) Saṅgī (सङ्गी):—adj. 1. devoted; fond; 2. accompanying; allied; connected;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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