Sangama, aka: Saṅgāma, Saṅgama, Saṅgamā; 9 Definition(s)


Sangama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sangama in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Saṅgamā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Saṅgama (सङ्गम).—The period from six to twelve nālikas in the day.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 46.

2) Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Sangama in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṅgama (सङ्गम) is the name of a warrior who participated in the war between Śrutaśarman and Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... when the arena of combat was cleared from the obscuring dust by the sprinkling of bloody drops, there took place on it the single combats of furious champions... [There Vītabhī fought with Saṅgama]...”.

The story of Saṅgama was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Saṅgama, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A king of Magadha. Buddhaghosas father, Kesi was his purohita. Gv.66.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sangama in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṅgāma : (m.) fight; battle.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgāma, (fr. saṃ+*gam: see grāma; lit. “collection”) a fight, battle D. I, 46; II, 285; M. I, 86, 253; S. I, 98; IV, 308 sq.; A. I, 106; II, 116; III, 94; Vin. I, 6; It. 75; Sn. 440; Nd2 199; Pug. 68; J. I, 358; II, 11; Miln. 332; Vism. 401. Cp. vijita°.

—âvacara whose sphere is the battle, quite at home on the battlefield J. II, 94, 95; Vin. V, 163 sq. , 183 (here said fig. of the bhikkhu).—ji (saṅgāma-j-uttama) victorious in battle Dh. 103 (cp. DhA. II, 227=saṅgāma-sīsa-yodha). —bheri battle drum DhA. III, 298; IV, 25. —yodha a warrior J. I, 358. (Page 666)

— or —

Saṅgama, (fr. saṃ+gam) 1. meeting, intercourse, association Sn. 681; J. II, 42; III, 488; V, 483.—2. sexual intercourse M. I, 407; J. IV, 106. (Page 666)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sangama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṅgama (संगम).—m (S) Meeting, union, junction, the coming and proceeding harmoniously together; e. g. the confluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons; the concert or coäptation of schemes, measures, efforts, dispositions &c. 2 In astronomy. Planetary conjunction.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgama (संगम).—m Meeting, junction; the con- fluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons, the concert of schemes. (In astro- nomy) Planetary conjunction.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṅgama (सङ्गम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Meeting, union, mixture, junction, the encounter of persons, the association of friends or lovers, the confluence of rivers, the fitness or adaptation of two things to each other, &c. 2. (In astronomy,) Planetary conjunction. 3. Touch, contact. 4. society, company. 5. Sexual intercourse. 6. Fitness, adaptation. E. sam together, like, suitably, gama going: see also saṅga, saṅgata, saṅgati, &c.

--- OR ---

Sāṅgama (साङ्गम).—m.

(-maḥ) Union, meeting. E. saṅgama the same, aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sindhusaṅgama (सिन्धुसङ्गम).—confluence of rivers; (also with the ocean). Derivable forms: sind...
Grahasaṅgama (ग्रहसङ्गम).—conjunction of planets. Derivable forms: grahasaṅgamaḥ (ग्रहसङ्गमः).G...
Saṅgamapura (सङ्गमपुर).—It finds mention in Keregalur Plates of Mādhava II. It was situated in ...
Saṅgamasvāmin (सङ्गमस्वामिन्) is the name of a Brāhman from Kanakapura, according to the Kathās...
Sādhusaṅgama (साधुसङ्गम) refers to “association with men of saintly character”, and is consider...
Mahendra (महेन्द्र).—m. (-ndraḥ) Indra, the ruler of Swarga. 2. A range of mountains, one of th...
Gaṅgā (गङ्गा) is the name of a river (nadī) and mentioned as one of the seven holy Gaṅgas (sapt...
Asura (असुर) refers to a group of deities created by Brahmā from the different parts of his bod...
Vraja (व्रज).—m. (-jaḥ) 1. A cow-pen, a station of cowherds. 2. A road. 3. A flock, a herd, a m...
Prayāga (प्रयाग) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmata...
Kālindī is the name of an ancient canal that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district ...
Vātāpi (वातापि).—m. (-piḥ) The name of an Asura devoured by Agastya. E. vāta wind, pā to drink,...
Vijita.—(CII 1), dominions. Note: vijita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it...
Avacara (अवचर).—(-avacara) (= Pali id.; orig. noun, compare Senart Mv i.397, but only used at e...
Sīsa (सीस).—n. (-saṃ) Lead. E. ṣi to bind, kvip aff.; or ṣo to destroy, aff. ka .

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