Sangama, Saṅgāma, Saṅgama, Saṅgamā, Samgama: 14 definitions


Sangama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Saṅgamā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Saṅgama (सङ्गम).—The period from six to twelve nālikas in the day.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 46.

2) Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sangama in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Saṅgama (सङ्गम) is the name of a warrior who participated in the war between Śrutaśarman and Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... when the arena of combat was cleared from the obscuring dust by the sprinkling of bloody drops, there took place on it the single combats of furious champions... [There Vītabhī fought with Saṅgama]...”.

The story of Saṅgama was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Saṅgama, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Saṅgama (सङ्गम) refers to “union” (viz., union of the god with the goddess), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Once the Lord of the gods, the Lord of the Lord of Passion had spoken thus, he desired union [i.e., saṅgama] with the goddess by the power of the divine Command. Maheśvarī enjoyed the sport of love and, in (her) eighth birth she enjoyed their mutual passion. [...]”.

2) Saṅgama (सङ्गम) refers to the “junction (of rivers)”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “He whose mind is (centred) in a cremation ground, (a solitary place where there is just) a single tree, the junction (of rivers) [i.e., saṅgama], a mountain cave, (or) a forest should delight (in spiritual discipline) in these places. This (teaching) should (also) always be given to the devout soul (bhaktātman) whose duty is (to serve) the teacher, the deity and the fire in the sacrifice (he performs in his) home”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A king of Magadha. Buddhaghosas father, Kesi was his purohita. Gv.66.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅgāma : (m.) fight; battle.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgāma, (fr. saṃ+*gam: see grāma; lit. “collection”) a fight, battle D. I, 46; II, 285; M. I, 86, 253; S. I, 98; IV, 308 sq.; A. I, 106; II, 116; III, 94; Vin. I, 6; It. 75; Sn. 440; Nd2 199; Pug. 68; J. I, 358; II, 11; Miln. 332; Vism. 401. Cp. vijita°.

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Saṅgama, (fr. saṃ+gam) 1. meeting, intercourse, association Sn. 681; J. II, 42; III, 488; V, 483.—2. sexual intercourse M. I, 407; J. IV, 106. (Page 666)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgama (संगम).—m (S) Meeting, union, junction, the coming and proceeding harmoniously together; e. g. the confluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons; the concert or coäptation of schemes, measures, efforts, dispositions &c. 2 In astronomy. Planetary conjunction.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅgama (संगम).—m Meeting, junction; the con- fluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons, the concert of schemes. (In astro- nomy) Planetary conjunction.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgama (सङ्गम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Meeting, union, mixture, junction, the encounter of persons, the association of friends or lovers, the confluence of rivers, the fitness or adaptation of two things to each other, &c. 2. (In astronomy,) Planetary conjunction. 3. Touch, contact. 4. society, company. 5. Sexual intercourse. 6. Fitness, adaptation. E. sam together, like, suitably, gama going: see also saṅga, saṅgata, saṅgati, &c.

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Sāṅgama (साङ्गम).—m.

(-maḥ) Union, meeting. E. saṅgama the same, aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṅgama (सङ्गम):—(maḥ) 1. m. Union, association, confluence; planetary conjunction.

2) Sāṅgama (साङ्गम):—(maḥ) 1. m. Union, meeting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃgama (संगम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgama.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃgama (संगम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃgama.

2) Saṃgāma (संगाम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṅgrāma.

3) Saṃgāma (संगाम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṅgrāma.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃgama (ಸಂಗಮ):—

1) [noun] a coming together of people; a meeting, intercourse.

2) [noun] a flowing togehter of two or more streams or rivers.

3) [noun] a place where two or more streams or rivers join together.

4) [noun] (esp. ) the Sangama or Kūḍalasaṃgama where the rivers Křṣṇe and Malaprabhe join together.

5) [noun] a name of Śiva whose shrine is situated at there.

6) [noun] name of a holy place of confluence of the rivers Gange, Yamune and the supposed subterranean Sarasvati, (near Allahābād, in Uttara Pradesh); Prayāga.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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