Sangama, aka: Saṅgāma, Saṅgama, Saṅgamā; 7 Definition(s)


Sangama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Saṅgamā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Saṅgama (सङ्गम).—The period from six to twelve nālikas in the day.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 46.

2) Saṅgamā (सङ्गमा).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A king of Magadha. Buddhaghosas father, Kesi was his purohita. Gv.66.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


saṅgāma : (m.) fight; battle.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgāma, (fr. saṃ+*gam: see grāma; lit. “collection”) a fight, battle D. I, 46; II, 285; M. I, 86, 253; S. I, 98; IV, 308 sq.; A. I, 106; II, 116; III, 94; Vin. I, 6; It. 75; Sn. 440; Nd2 199; Pug. 68; J. I, 358; II, 11; Miln. 332; Vism. 401. Cp. vijita°.

—âvacara whose sphere is the battle, quite at home on the battlefield J. II, 94, 95; Vin. V, 163 sq. , 183 (here said fig. of the bhikkhu).—ji (saṅgāma-j-uttama) victorious in battle Dh. 103 (cp. DhA. II, 227=saṅgāma-sīsa-yodha). —bheri battle drum DhA. III, 298; IV, 25. —yodha a warrior J. I, 358. (Page 666)

— or —

Saṅgama, (fr. saṃ+gam) 1. meeting, intercourse, association Sn. 681; J. II, 42; III, 488; V, 483.—2. sexual intercourse M. I, 407; J. IV, 106. (Page 666)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

saṅgama (संगम).—m (S) Meeting, union, junction, the coming and proceeding harmoniously together; e. g. the confluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons; the concert or coäptation of schemes, measures, efforts, dispositions &c. 2 In astronomy. Planetary conjunction.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgama (संगम).—m Meeting, junction; the con- fluence of rivers; the junction of roads; the consociation of persons, the concert of schemes. (In astro- nomy) Planetary conjunction.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Saṅgamapura (सङ्गमपुर).—It finds mention in Keregalur Plates of Mādhava II. It was situated in ...
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Vraja (व्रज).—[vraj-ghañarthe ka]1) A multitude, collection, flock, group; सगोव्रजोऽत्यात्मपदुर...
Prayāga (प्रयाग) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahāb...
Vijita (विजित).—p. p. Subdued, conquered, overcome, defeated.
Kālindī (कालिन्दी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.18, II...
Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका).—[mṛd tikan ṭāp]1) Clay, earth; Ms.2.182.2) Fresh earth.3) A kind of fragran...
sīsa (सीस).—or-sīsa m A Frenchman.--- OR --- śisā (शिसा).—m A bottle, a flagon, a decanter.--- ...
Vātāpi (वातापि).—Bādāmi was known in the local language as Vātāpi, although Ptolemy mentions it...
Avacara, (-°) (n. -adj.) (ava + car, also BSk. avacara in same sense, e.g. antaḥpurâvacarā the ...
Saṅgāmeti, (denom. fr. saṅgāma; given as special root saṅgām° at Dhtp 605 with defn “yuddha”) ...
maḷabha (मळभ).—n Cloudiness.
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