Asanga, Āsaṅga, Asaṅga: 19 definitions
Asanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—The son of Yuyudhāna.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 23.
2) Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग).—The son of Śvaphalka and Gāndini.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Asaṅga (असङ्ग) was a brother of Vasubandhu (280-360 A. D.) and a practitioner of Tantric Buddhism.—Tārānātha (Tārānāth) is reported to have said that Tantrism existed from very early times and was transmitted in a secret manner from the time of Asaṅga down to the time of Dharmakīrti. Asaṅga who was a brother of Vasubandhu (280-360 A. D.) must have flourished circa 300 A. D. and Dharmakīrti who is not mentioned by the Chinese traveller Hiuen Thsang but is referred to with great respect by I-Tsing very probably belonged to a period between 625-675 A. D.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryBrother of Vasubandhu. Originally trained as a Hinayanist, but converted his brother Vasubandha to become Mahayanist. They both established the Yogacara School of Buddhism.Source: Buddhism Tourism: Glossary of Buddhist Terms
The Buddhist who established the Yogcara School of Buddhism. He is considered the author of Mahayanasamgraha, Abhidharmasamuccaya and a commentary on the Samdhinirmocana.Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—According to Tibetan sources, Asaṅga (965-900 BCE) and Vasubandhu (963-883 BCE) were half-brothers from Puruṣapura of Gāndhāra Janapada and born 900 years after Buddha nirvana. Asaṅga’s father was a Kśatriya whereas Vasubandhu’s father was a Brāhmaṇa. Prasannaśīlā was the mother of Asaṅga and Vasubandhu. Professor J. Takakusu published “The Life of Vasubandhu by Paramārtha” in the year 1904. It is a translation from a Chinese manuscript. It states that a Kauśika Brāhmaṇa family of Puruṣapura (Peshawar) had three sons, Asaṅga, Vasubandhu and Viriñchivatsa. Asaṅga studied Hīnayāna texts from Arhat Pindola and also studied Mahāyāna texts. Hiuen Tsang mentions that Asaṅga initially followed Mahishasaka sect of Buddhism but later he became Mahayanist.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Asanga (असन्ग) is the Prakrit name of a Yakṣa chief, obiedient to Vaiśramaṇa (god of wealth, also known as Kubera), according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra, also known as The Vyākhyāprajñapti (“Exposition of Explanations”). The Bhagavatī-sūtra is the largest of twelve Jain āgamas and was composed by Sudharmāsvāmī in the 6th century.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
asaṅga : (m.) non-attachment.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Asaṅga, (adj.) (a + saṅga) not sticking to anything, free from attachment, unattached Th. 2, 396 (°mānasa, = anāsattacitta ThA. 259); Miln. 343. Cp. next. (Page 87)
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Āsaṅga, (ā + saṅga fr. sañj to hang on, cp. Sk. āsaṅga & āsakti) — 1. adhering, clinging to, attachment, pursuit J. IV, 11.—2. that which hangs on (the body), clothing, garment, dress; adj. dressed or clothed in (-°); usually in cpd. uttarāsaṅga a loose (hanging) outer robe e.g. Vin. I, 289; S. IV, 290; PvA. 73; VvÁ 33 (suddh°), 51 (id.). (Page 114)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
asaṅga (असंग).—a (S) Lone, solitary, wanting a companion. 2 That is not to be associated with. Pr. asaṅgāsīṃ saṅga prāṇāsīṃ gāṇṭha.
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asaṅga (असंग).—m (S) Absence or nonness of companionship.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
asaṅga (असंग).—a Lone; that is not to be associa- ted with. m Absence of companion- ship.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग).—a. Uninterrupted, perpetual. [-gaḥ]
1) Attachment, devotion (to any object) (to enjoy or protect it); सुख° लुब्धः (sukha° lubdhaḥ) K.173; U.3; चेतः स्वर्गतरङ्गिणीतटभुवामासङ्ग- मङ्गीकुरु (cetaḥ svargataraṅgiṇītaṭabhuvāmāsaṅga- maṅgīkuru) Bh.3.6.
2) Intentness, close application.
3) Contact, adherence, clinging; (paṅkajam) सशैवलासङ्गमपि प्रकाशते (saśaivalāsaṅgamapi prakāśate) Ku.5.9;3.46; व्रततिवलयासङ्गसंजातपाशः (vratativalayāsaṅgasaṃjātapāśaḥ) Ś.1.33; Mu.1.14; अनासङ्गः (anāsaṅgaḥ) absence of consolation; Māl.2.
4) Association, connection, union; त्यक्त्वा कर्मफलासङ्गम् (tyaktvā karmaphalāsaṅgam) Bg.4.2; so कान्तासङ्ग (kāntāsaṅga) &c.
5) Fixing, fastening to.
6) Pride about the authorship of a thing (kartṛtvābhimāna),
7) That which is fastened; cf. उत्तरासङ्ग (uttarāsaṅga).
8) Waylaying (?).
-ṅgam A kind of fragrant earth (saurāṣṭramṛttikā).
-ṅgam ind. Without interruption, eternally.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—(1) name of an author: Sādhanamālā 325.4 (= 3?); (2) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 43; (3) see Āryāsaṅga.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Solitary, unassociated. E. a neg. saṅga with.
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(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Attachment to any object. 2. Association, connexion. 3. Proximity, contact. adv. n.
(-ṅgaṃ) Eternally. adj. mfn.
(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Eternal. E. āṅ always, ṣañj to move, ac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग).—i. e. ā-sañj + a, m. 1. Being attached, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 132. 2. Attachment, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 93.
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Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—I. m. 1. non-attachment, not being attached to, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 75. 2. a proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9207. Ii. adj. 1. unfastened, Mahābhārata 2, 944. 2. unimpeded, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 63 (Mallin., ed. Calc. v. r.).
Asaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and saṅga (सङ्ग).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—1. [masculine] not sticking to (—°).
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Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—2. asaṅga [adjective] not sticking or hanging, moving freely, independent.
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Asaṅga (असङ्ग).—[adjective] not sticking or hanging, moving freely, independent.
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Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग).—[masculine] = [preceding] [feminine]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—[=a-saṅga] mfn. or a-saṅga free from ties, independent, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv] ([Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad]), [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad]
2) [v.s. ...] moving without obstacle (as a cart, a vessel, a flag, etc.), [Mahābhārata ii, 944; Harivaṃśa] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] having no attachment or inclination for or interest in
4) [v.s. ...] (See also sub voce a-sakta)
5) [v.s. ...] m. non-attachment, non-inclination, [Manu-smṛti vi, 75; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Yuyudhāna, [Harivaṃśa 9207; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
7) [v.s. ...] a Name of Vasubandhu, [Buddhist literature]
8) Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग):—[=ā-saṅga] [from ā-sañj] m. the act of clinging to or hooking on, association, connection, [Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] attachment, devotedness, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.
10) [v.s. ...] waylaying, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda viii, 1, 32; 33]
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śva-phalka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 15]
13) [v.s. ...] a cloak (see citrās°, p. 397)
14) [v.s. ...] a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] one of the 7 islands of Antara-dvīpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of fragrant earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] mfn. uninterrupted, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—[a-saṅga] (ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) a. Alone.
2) Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग):—[ā-saṅga] (ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) a. Eternal.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—1. (3. a + sa) m. das Nichthängen, Nichthaften an Etwas: ahiṃsayendriyāsaṅgaiḥ u. s. w. sādhayantīha tatpadam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 75.] asaṅgavant adj. nicht hängend an: viṣayeṣu [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 37, 23.]
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Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—2. (wie eben)
1) adj. nicht hängen bleibend, keinen Widerstand findend, sich frei bewegend: asaṅgo devavihitastasminrathavare dhvajaḥ . yojanāddadṛśe [Mahābhārata 2, 944.] asaṅgamadriṣvapi -āyudham ein Geschoss, das keinen Widerstand findet, wenn es auch gegen Berge gerichtet ist, [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 63.] Vgl. [2, 42] und [Mahābhārata 3, 1602] : tasya mūrdhni śitaṃ khaṅgamasaktaṃ parvateṣvapi . mumoca . — nicht anhängend, nicht abhängig: asaṅgo sito na sajyate na vyathate [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 6, 9, 28] [?(= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 3, 9, 26). 11, 6. 7, 1, 17. 2, 27 (= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 4, 2, 4. 3, 16. 4, 21). 14, 6, 8, 8 (= Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 3, 8, 8).] —
2) m. Nomen proprium ein Sohn Yuyudhāna’s [Harivaṃśa 9207.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 435.]
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Āsaṅga (आसङ्ग):—(wie eben)
1) m. a) das Anhaften, Anhaken, Anhängen (auch in übertr. Bed.) [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 2.] pādākṛṣṭavratativalayāsaṅgasaṃjātapāśaḥ (gajaḥ) [Śākuntala 32.] paṅkajaṃ saśaivalāsaṅgaṃ prakāśate [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 9.] mṛgamadaghanasārāsaṅgasaurabhyabhavyaḥ (pāṇiḥ) [Dhūrtasamāgama 92, 8.] nivṛttānyapuruṣāsaṅgā [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 90.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 269.] kāntāsaṅga [Pañcatantra V, 83.] tyaktvā karmaphalāsaṅgam [Bhagavadgītā 4, 20.] viṣayāsaṅga [Prabodhacandrodaja 61, 14.] cittāsaṅga [Sāhityadarpana 79, 20.] — b) das sich-an-Jmd-Anhängen, Nachstellung: te surebhya āsaṅgādbibhayāṃ cakruḥ [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 2, 3. 3, 1, 5. 4, 4, 8. 6, 1, 11.] tato hainamāsaṅgo na vindati [5, 2, 3, 5.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Ṛgveda 8, 1, 32. 33.] —
2) n. eine bes. wohlriechende Erde (tuvarī) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —
3) adj. und adv. = āsakta ununterbrochen [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. uttarāsaṅga .
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2) Beiname eines Vasubandhu [WASSILJEW 217. 221.] [HIOUENTHSANG 1, 269.] — Vgl. niḥsaṅga .
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1) a) anyapuruṣāsaṅga [Kathāsaritsāgara 61, 168.] ajñānāsaṅgāt [Spr. 915.] viṣayāsaṅgaṃ (adj.) manaḥ [4608.] kāntāsaṅga [Pañcatantra V, 83] ist zu streichen, da dieses in kāntā + saṅga zu zerlegen ist.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—1. m. —
1) das Nichthängenbleiben , Nichtanstreifen. —
2) das Nichthängen an den Dingen. Abl. so v.a. nach Laune , — Belieben [Bālarāmāyaṇa 62,15.]
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Asaṅga (असङ्ग):—2. und asaṅga —
1) Adj. — a) nicht hängen bleibend , keinen Widerstand findend an (Loc.) , sich frei bewegend. — b) ungebunden , frei [Indische studien von Weber 9,146.164.fg.] Dazu Nom.abstr. tva n. [159.] — c) an den Dingen nicht hängend. Dazu Nom.abstr. tā [R.ed.GORR.1,67,15.] —
2) m. Nomen proprium zweier Männer.
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1) m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) das Anhaken , Hängenbleiben. — b) Nachstellung , Verfolgung. — c) das Hängen — , Hingabe an. — d) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Ṛgveda (roth). ] EINES Sohnes des Śvaphalka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9,24,15.] — e) atreḥ Name eine Sāman [Ārṣeyabrāhmaṇa] —
2) *n. eine Lehmart. —
3) *Adj. und m *Adv. ununterbrochen.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+15): Asangabahula, Asangabaladharin, Asangabalaviryamati, Asangabuddhi, Asangacarin, Asangachitta, Asangacitta, Asangadharani, Asangadharma, Asangadhvaja, Asangajnanaketudhvaja, Asangakashtha, Asangakayarashmitejomati, Asangam, Asangama, Asangamati, Asangamaticandra, Asangamatichandra, Asangamukha, Asangamukhapravesha.
Ends with (+68): Adhyatmikasanga, Advarasanga, Amritasanga, Anasanga, Angasanga, Anishtaprasanga, Anushthanaprasanga, Apasanga, Aprasanga, Aryasanga, Ashtadashanga, Atiprasanga, Avashanga, Bahyasanga, Bhashanga, Brahmanaprasanga, Chittasanga, Citrasanga, Cittasanga, Dashanga.
Full-text (+158): Uttarasanga, Vasubandhu, Cittasanga, Pratyasanga, Playogi, Parasanga, Indriyasanga, Asangin, Asangakashtha, Buddhadasa, Dyumni, Anasanga, Asangacarin, Asangam, Bodhisattvabhumisutra, Asangini, Abhidharmasamuccaya, Asangima, Nirasanga, Adhimucyana.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Asanga, Āsaṅga, Asaṅga, A-sanga, A-saṅga, Ā-saṅga; (plurals include: Asangas, Āsaṅgas, Asaṅgas, sangas, saṅgas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 5 - The body of the Dharma (dharmakāya) < [Chapter XXVI - Exertion]
Definition of distraction (vikṣepa) < [Part 5 - The virtue of meditation]
The Ratnakūṭa-sūtra < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich)
Chapter 3d - The Life story of Mon ston byung gnas shes rab < [Book 4 - New Traditions of Secret Mantra]
Chapter 3 - Abhidharma lineages < [Book 6 - The Origin of the Mādhyamika (middle way)]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 2 - Country of ’O-yu-t’o (Ayodhya) < [Book V - Six Countries]
Chapter 5 - Country of Kiao-shang-mi (Kaushambi) < [Book V - Six Countries]
Chapter 21 - Country of Kien-t’o-lo (Gandhara) < [Book II - Three Countries]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verses 15.3-4 < [Chapter 15 - Puruṣottama-toga (Yoga through understanding the Supreme Person)]
Verse 15.6 < [Chapter 15 - Puruṣottama-toga (Yoga through understanding the Supreme Person)]
Verse 9.6 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)