Sandha, Shandha, Śaṇḍha, Samdha, Shamdha: 16 definitions


Sandha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṇḍha can be transliterated into English as Sandha or Shandha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ) refers to “impotence”, mentioned in verse 4.20-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow, pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever, throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles, gravel, and impotence [viz., ṣaṇḍha]. Cock, arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sandha (सन्ध) refers to “joining (the body of the initiate with the karma to be cultivated)”, according to the Jñānaratnāvalī, (p. 267).—Accordingly, “Next, the bhautikī-dīkṣā is twofold, and it is said [in the scriptures]: ‘In the same way the bhautikī-dīkṣā [is achieved] through ritual and union [and] is also of a superior and inferior kind. Rather, for the [still] deluded [souls] he should preserve the prārabdha karma, which has the purpose of keeping [the initiate] with his [current] body, after joining (sandha) it with [the karma] to be cultivated for the practice of propitiating Śaiva mantras for supernatural powers. The other [karmas] together with their consequences he should burn in the blazing initiation fire’. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A monk who visited the Buddha at Natika in the Ginjakavasatha, when the Buddha preached to him the Sandha Sutta (q.v.). (A.v.323f ). v.l. Saddha (see GS.v.204, n.2; and 216, n.2).

It is, perhaps, the same monk who is mentioned as Saddho (v.l. Sandho) Kaccayano. (S.ii.153, Ginjakavastha Sutta). He asks the Buddha a question on dhatu, and the Buddha explains it to him. In neither case does the Commentary say anything about Saddho (or Sandho).

The translator of the Samyutta regards saddho as an epithet.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sandha (सन्ध) in Pali (or Saṃtha in Sanskrit) is the name of a monk, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “If someone is in a state of mind of panic (abhihatacitta), he should be taught the Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra; then he will be able to obtain the Path”.—In this Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra the Buddha praises the good meditation, without content or object, which prepares the way to nirvāṇa. He congratulates Saṃtha Kātyāyana (in Pāli, Sandha or Saddha Kaccāyana): cf. Aṅguttara, V, p. 323; Saṃyutta, II, p. 153) for having no concept whatsoever of what is. And the gods venerate Saṃtha, saying: “Homage to you, excellent man, for we have not that on which you meditate!”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣaṇḍha (षंढ).—m S See the commoner form ṣaṇḍa.

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sandha (संध).—f (Contracted from sandhi) Junction, union, unitedness. 2 Joint, juncture, seam, the part or place of junction. 3 A cleft or fissure; a gap or an opening in general. 4 An interval (of time). 5 A joint, knuckle, knot, articulation. 6 fig. The exactly opportune or suitable period; the critical juncture; the nick. 7 Renewal of friendship or connection, reconciliation, peace.

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sandha (संध).—a S That holds or has inherently or intimately. In comp. as kapaṭasandha, vairasandha, amṛtasandha, satyasandha.

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sāndha (सांध).—f (sandhi S) Joint, juncture, commissure, seam, the line or the point of junction. 2 A cleft, chink, fissure, cranny, crack, chasm, slip, gap, opening. 3 A joint, knuckle, articulation. 4 A term of the loom. The place of meeting of the two loops of a cross-wound mass of thread or yarn: also a transverse disposition of the threads of the warp in front of the ōvī. Also defined by some weavers as tāṇyācā tiḍā, i. e. a vēḍhā or kātarā or crossing in the lines of the warp. v paḍa. sāndhīsa basaṇēṃ or sāndhīnta paḍaṇēṃ To live in privacy and seclusion;--used of a rāṇḍa or widow (for one twelvemonth): also, generally, to fall into oblivion or obscurity.

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sāndhā (सांधा).—m (sandhi S) A joint, knuckle, knot, an articulation generally. 2 Juncture, commissure, seam, the line or point of junction. 3 A piece joined or united; the piece by the appending or adding of which a body is lengthened or enlarged. Ex. dōrīsa dāhā hāta sāndhā lāvilā tēvhāṃ pāṇī kāḍhāyācē upayōgī jhālī 4 A cleft, chink, cranny, opening. sāndhā basaṇēṃ g. of s. To agree or consist well together; to correspond, tally, answer, meet, suit.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāndha (सांध).—f Joint. A cleft. A knuckle.

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sāndhā (सांधा).—m A joint; juncture. A piece joined. A cleft.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṇḍha (शण्ढ).—

1) A eunuch, an impotent man.

2) A male attendant in the women's apartments (chosen from the class of eunuchs or emasculated persons).

3) A bull.

4) A bull at liberty to move.

5) A mad-man.

Derivable forms: śaṇḍhaḥ (शण्ढः).

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Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ).—

1) A eunuch; Y.1.215.

2) The neuter gender; निवेशः शिबिरं षण्डे (niveśaḥ śibiraṃ ṣaṇḍe) Ak.; 'षण्ढो वर्षवरे क्लीबे गोपतौ वन्ध्यपूरुषे (ṣaṇḍho varṣavare klībe gopatau vandhyapūruṣe)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ); प्रतिज्ञां षण्ढकोऽस्मीति करिष्यामि महीपते (pratijñāṃ ṣaṇḍhako'smīti kariṣyāmi mahīpate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.2.25 (com. ṣaṇḍo gopatiḥ | pakṣe klībaḥ).

Derivable forms: ṣaṇḍhaḥ (षण्ढः).

See also (synonyms): ṣaṇḍhaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇḍha (शण्ढ).—m.

(-ṇḍhaḥ) 1. An eunuch. 2. An eunuch or emasculated attendant, as employed in a Harem or seraglio. 3. An impotent man. 4. A bull set at liberty. 5. A mad man or a drunken man. E. śam to bear or endure, Unadi aff. ḍha; also ṣaṇḍha and śaṇḍa, &c.; or śaṇa-ḍha tasya nettvam .

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Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ).—m.

(-ṇḍhaḥ) A eunuch: see ṣaṇḍa .

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Sandha (सन्ध).—mfn.

(-ndhaḥ-ndhā-ndhaṃ) 1. Possessing as an integrant part, intimately blended with. 2. Holding, possessing, having placed in or on. 3. Joined, united. f.

(-ndhā) 1. Promise, assent, agreement. 2. State, condition, the steady continuance in any state, steadiness, fixation. 3. Intimate union or association, identification. 4. Twilight. 5. Stipulation. 6. Limit, boundary. 7. Steadiness. 8. Distillation. E. sam together, dhā to have or hold, aff. ka, or aṅ and ṭāp fem. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇḍha (शण्ढ).—m. 1. An eunuch. 2. An attendant on the women’s apartments. 3. A bull at liberty (cf. the last, ṣaṇḍa, and ṣaṇḍha).

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Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ).—m. An eunuch, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 158 (cf. the last).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ).—[feminine] ī impotent; [masculine] eunuch or hermaphrodite.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṇḍha (शण्ढ):—[wrong reading] for ṣaṇḍha.

2) Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ):—m. (often wrongly written ṣaṇḍa, śaṇḍa, saṇḍha) a eunuch, hermaphrodite (14 or even 20 classes are enumerated by some writers), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) mn. (in gram.) the neuter gender, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṇḍha (शण्ढ):—(ṇḍhaḥ) 1. m. A eunuch, impotent man; bull at liberty; a mad man.

2) Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ):—(ṇḍhaḥ) 1. m. A eunuch.

3) Sandha (सन्ध):—[(ndhaḥ-ndhā-ndhaṃ) a.] Joined; identified; holding. 1. f. (ndhā) Promise; state; intimate union; twilight.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṣaṇḍha (षण्ढ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃḍha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃḍha (संढ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ṣaṇḍha.

2) Saṃdha (संध) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃdhā.

3) Saṃdhā (संधा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃdhā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaṃḍha (ಶಂಢ):—

1) [noun] = ಶಂಡ - [shamda -] 1.

2) [noun] a freely wandering bull.

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Ṣaṃḍha (ಷಂಢ):—

1) [noun] = ಷಂಡ - [shamda -] 3.

2) [noun] (gram.) the neuter gender; a word or form in this gender.

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Saṃdha (ಸಂಧ):—

1) [adjective] holding; possessing; having the possession of.

2) [adjective] joined; united.

3) [adjective] kept; placed.

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Saṃdha (ಸಂಧ):—

1) [noun] the state or fact of being joined; junction; connection.

2) [noun] that which is held, possessed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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