Sankata, Samkata, Saṅkaṭa, Saṃkaṭa, Saṃkaṭā, Saṅkaṭā, Shankata: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sankata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sankat.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṅkaṭa (सङ्कट).—The son of Kakubha and Dharma. Father of Kīkaṭa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sankata in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sankata in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Saṅkaṭa (सङ्कट) is the name of a swan (haṃsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain lake a tortoise, named Kambugrīva, and he had two swans for friends, Vikaṭa and Saṅkaṭa. Once on a time the lake was dried up by drought, and they wanted to go to another lake..”.

The story of Saṅkaṭa was narrated in order to demonstrate that “people must follow good advice, otherwise they will be ruined”, in other words, that “a person who lets go common sense will be ruined”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Saṅkaṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of sankata in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkaṭa (संकट).—n (S Narrow.) A strait, difficulty, pressing distress; a calamity or trouble in general. saṅkaṭāsamōra ubhā rāhaṇēṃ To stand up manfully against a distress or difficulty; to face a trouble.

--- OR ---

saṅkaṭa (संकट).—a S Narrow, strait, contracted.

--- OR ---

saṅkaṭā (संकटा).—f (S) The name of a yōginī. Hence saṅkaṭā ālī -gudaralī -paḍalī &c. āmhāsa or āmhāvara Adversity is come upon us.

--- OR ---

sāṅkāṭā (सांकाटा).—m (Commonly sāṅgāḍā) The skeleton, box, or frame (of a building, boat, cart, the body). 2 A frame or texture of sticks (as for the covering of a maṇḍapa or shed, for the flooring of a loft &c.); a crate, a hurdle, or similar thing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkaṭa (संकट).—n A strait, difficulty; a calamity. a Narrow, straight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sankata in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkaṭa (संकट).—a.

1) Contracted, narrow, strait; संकटद्वारकाणि स्युरुच्छ्वासार्थं पुरस्य च (saṃkaṭadvārakāṇi syurucchvāsārthaṃ purasya ca) Mb.12.69.44.

2) Impervious, impassable.

3) Full of, crowded with, beset with, hemmed in; संकटा ह्याहिताग्नीनां प्रत्यवायैर्गृहस्थता (saṃkaṭā hyāhitāgnīnāṃ pratyavāyairgṛhasthatā) Mv.4.33; विषमशिलासंकटस्खलितवेगः (viṣamaśilāsaṃkaṭaskhalitavegaḥ) V.2.8; U.1.8.

4) Pressed, made thin (kṛśīkṛta); कृतप्रतिकृतैश्चित्रैर्बाहुभिश्च सुसंकटैः (kṛtapratikṛtaiścitrairbāhubhiśca susaṃkaṭaiḥ) Mb. 4.13.27.

5) Dangerous, critical.

-ṭam 1 A narrow passage, defile, pass.

2) A difficulty, strait, risk, peril, danger; संकटेष्वविषण्णधीः (saṃkaṭeṣvaviṣaṇṇadhīḥ) K.; संकटे हि परीक्ष्यन्ते प्राज्ञाः शूराश्च संगरे (saṃkaṭe hi parīkṣyante prājñāḥ śūrāśca saṃgare) Ks.31.93.

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkaṭa (संकट).—[adjective] narrow, strait; thick, dense; difficult, hard. [neuter] narrow path, difficult passage, difficulty, danger, distress, pain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkaṭa (संकट):—[=saṃ-kaṭa] mf(ā)n. ([probably] Prākṛt for saṃ-kṛta; cf. 2. vi-kaṭa etc.) ‘brought together’, contracted, closed, narrow, strait, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] crowded together, dense, impervious, impassable, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] dangerous, critical, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) crowded with, full of [Kādambarī]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a [particular] personification (a son of Kakubh), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] of a gander or flamingo, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

8) Saṃkaṭā (संकटा):—[=saṃ-kaṭā] [from saṃ-kaṭa] a f. See below

9) Saṃkaṭa (संकट):—[=saṃ-kaṭa] n. a narrow passage, strait, defile, pass, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc., a strait, difficulty, critical condition, danger to or from ([compound]; cf. prāṇa-s), [ib.]

10) Saṃkaṭā (संकटा):—[from saṃ-kaṭa] b f. Name of a Yoginī (seven others are named, viz. Maṅgalā, Piṅgalā, Dhanyā, Bhrāmarī, Bhadrikā, Ulkā, Siddhi), [Jyotiṣa]

11) [v.s. ...] of a goddess worshipped in Benares, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkaṭa (सङ्कट):—[(ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) a.] Narrow, contracted; crowded; imperious. n. A defile, strait; perplexity, distress.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śaṅkaṭa (शङ्कट):—s. vi und saṃkaṭa .

--- OR ---

Saṃkaṭa (संकट):—(vgl. avakaṭa, utkaṭa, prakaṭa, vikaṭa) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 29.]

1) adj. (f. ā) a) eng, schmal, wenig freien Raum bietend [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 34.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1504.] [Halāyudha 5, 41.] nātivistāra [KĀM. NĪTIS. 16, 2.] mārga [?7, 30. Spr. (II) 6119. 6662. Kullūka zu Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 70.] vana (adhvan) [KĀM. NĪTIS. 18, 50.] Thür, Thor [Mahābhārata 12, 2639.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 80.] chidra [79, 33.] lalāṭa [68, 72.] mukha adj. (siṃha) [Kathāsaritsāgara 96, 40.] dṛṣṭiṃ bhrūsaṃkaṭāṃ kṛtvā [Mahābhārata 9, 3412.] bāhubhiḥ susaṃkaṭaiḥ (v. l. sakaṅkaṭa und sakaṇṭaka) so v. a. dicht geschlossen [4, 351.] bhūmi [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 36.] deśānviṣamasaṃkaṭān [Mahābhārata 3, 10967.] vallīlatāsaṃkaṭeṣu kuṭajeṣu [?11586. 7, 6833 = 7962. 1977.] narmadātīre dāruṇopalasaṃkaṭe [Harivaṃśa 5218.] śilāsaṃkaṭapādapa [5361.] latāviṭapa (vana) [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 52, 95.] padminīṃ padmasaṃkaṭām [97. 56, 9. 4, 12, 12. 5, 54, 5.] nagarī viṣamoccayasaṃkaṭā [Harivaṃśa 5025.] duṣṭabakoṭasaṃkaṭataṭa [Spr. (II) 3311.] bhūtasaṃkaṭaḥ śmaśānavāṭaḥ [MĀLATĪM. 77, 20.] vanāni dicht [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 47, 3.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 37.] — b) schwierig, worüber man nicht leicht hinüberkommt (in übertr. Bed.): praśnaḥ susaṃkaṭaḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 11181.] dharmaścāturāśramyasaṃkaṭaḥ [12284.] saṃsāracakra [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 10, 26. 45, 5] (ati). yuddhaṃ paramasaṃkaṭam so v. a. überaus gefährlich [Mahābhārata 7, 3086.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium a) eine Personification der schwierigen Durchgänge als Sohn Kakubh's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 6, 6.] — b) eines Mannes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 241.] — c) eines Flamingo [Kathāsaritsāgara 60, 169.] [Pañcatantra 76, 7.] [Hitopadeśa 110, 2, v. l.] —

3) f. ā Nomen proprium einer der acht Yoginī [JYOTIṢA im Śabdakalpadruma] einer in Benares verehrten Göttin [Śabdakalpadruma] stotra [Böhtlingk’s Verzeichniss No. 51.] —

4) n. a) Enge, ein beengter Raum, ein schmaler Pfad, ein schwieriger Durchgang [Mahābhārata 3, 2930. 11, 143.] [Spr. (II) 3372.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 50, 18.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 368.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 295.] giri [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 49, 29.] parvata [Spr. (II) 5933, v. l.] ratha [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 296.] vanasaṃgha [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 20, 38.] vṛkṣasaṃkaṭajā doṣāḥ [KĀM. NĪTIS. 14, 21.] druma [15, 12.] viṣamaśilā [Spr. (II) 3310.] mucyeta yonisaṃkaṭāt so v. a. Wiedergeburt [Mahābhārata 3, 8073.] mārgāḥ sasaṃkaṭāḥ [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 87, 9.] kaṅkaṭasyātisaṃkaṭe ausserordentliche Dichtigkeit [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 249.] — b) Schwierigkeit; eine schwierige Lage, Verlegenheit, Noth, Gefahr: yathā yathedaṃ nipuṇaṃ vicāryate tathā tathā saṃkaṭameva dṛśyate [Mṛcchakaṭikā 149, 2.] nāśana [KĀM. NĪTIS. 18, 3.] saṃkaṭe smin [Kathāsaritsāgara 6, 152. 18, 341] [?(pl.). 27, 179.] saṃkaṭe hi parīkṣyante prājñāḥ śūrāśca saṃgare [31, 93. 35, 52. 49, 72. 50, 27.] [Sāhityadarpana 492.] yadyatra saṃkaṭaṃ jātu yuvayoḥ syāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 42, 82. 36, 28.] draupadyāḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 15537.] svānām [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 18, 29.] prāṇasya [8, 2, 30.] nādhigacchāmi saṃkaṭam [Mahābhārata 2, 2376.] saṃkaṭaṃ mahadāgatam [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 61, 29. 75, 58. 76, 26. 31.] stha [Kathāsaritsāgara 119, 69.] saṃkaṭaṃ prāptaḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 62, 28. 126, 30.] saṃkaṭaṃ mahadāsthitaḥ [70, 26.] saṃkaṭe patitāḥ smaḥ [NĀGĀN. 24, 4.] nipatya saṃkaṭe [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 349.] tasmānmucyasva saṃkaṭāt [Mahābhārata 3, 15965. 7, 8920.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 58, 9.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 104, 157.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 92, 28.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 352.] [Oxforder Handschriften 88], b, [12. 34.] saṃkaṭāduddhartum [Mahābhārata 3, 15536.] yenāsmānnistariṣyāmaḥ saṃkaṭāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 73.] saṃkaṭottīrṇa [86, 128.] sa vai naḥ saṃkaṭādavitā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 24, 43.] in comp. α) mit dem, was in Gefahr steht: para [6, 10, 6. 12, 5.] prāṇa [8, 19, 43.] svasvāmigṛha [Kathāsaritsāgara 119, 67.] dharma [Mahābhārata 11, 150.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 18, 43.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 4, 38.] śabdārthanyāyasaṃkaṭeṣu [DURGA] bei [MUIR, Stenzler 2, 184.] — β) mit dem, was Gefahr bringt: śastra [Mahābhārata 7, 7370.] śatru [4, 209.] [Spr. (II) 1221. 5727.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 119. 106, 145.] bhava [Oxforder Handschriften 80,b,37.] ajñāna (so zu fassen) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 7, 7.] — mahā [Spr. (II) 4497.] ati [?3170. MĀLATĪM. 103, 19. Mallinātha zu Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 23.] su [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 88, 16.] — saṅkaṭākhyam [Mahābhārata 8, 3018] fehlerhaft für sakaṭākṣam, wie die ed. Bomb. liest. — Vgl. prāṇa, vana, vṛkṣa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sankata in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃkaṭa (संकट) [Also spelled sankat]:—(nm) a crisis, emergency; danger, hazard; —[kī ghaḍī] hour of crisis, critical moment; —[kī stiti] emergency, crisis; -[ke bādala maṃḍarānā] a crisis to hover around; —[ke sāthī] a friend in need; ~[pūrṇa/maya] dangerous, hazardous; ~[stha] in distress, in the grip of a crisis.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of sankata in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: