Sandra, Sāndra, Samdra: 22 definitions


Sandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sāndra (सान्द्र, “dense” or “thick”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Sāndra is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘thickness’, while its opposing quality, Drava, refers to its ‘fluidity’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Sāndra, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sāndra (सान्द्र):—Thickness / dense; one of the 20 gurvadi guna; caused due activated prithvi; denotes physiological & pharmacological density; nourishes; the property of the substance which causes viscosity and visidity

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Sāndra (सान्द्र, “dense”) and Drava (“liquid”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sāndra (“dense”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “solidifying/prasādana”; while Drava (“liquid”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of water and is associated with the action “liquifying/viloḍana”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Google Books: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music

Sāndra (सान्द्र, “intense”) refers to a musical expression corresponding with śobhī (brilliant), the ninth word of the elā composition (prabandha).—A sound which moves in the higher octave in a close connection with the text syllables is intense (sāndra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Sāndra (सान्द्र) refers to “(that which is) steeped (in joy)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I seek refuge with the glorious goddess Sundarī, the benefactress of prosperity, the secret heart, whose heart is soaked with compassion. She is blazing with an utmost tenacity steeped in joy (ānanda-sāndra), and consequently beaming with plenteous light that shimmers spontaneously. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sāndra (सान्द्र) refers to “thickening” (of a paste), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Śakti]:—[...] The tilaka-mark on her forehead is made with musk thickened (sāndra) with camphor. She has lotus-eyes. She is adorned with rings, armlets, anklets, necklaces etc. Her beautiful lotus face resembles the spotless moon. Her mouth is filled with betel. Her breasts are like golden jars. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sāndra (सान्द्र) refers to “unctuous”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 7.223-224]—“He should visualize a white, very dense, unctuous (sāndra) Amṛta, which destroys death and himself [when he is] flooded and filled with it He should visualize his entire body flooded with nectar entering through the openings and apertures of his channels, which are set in the stem of the lotus”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Sāndra (सान्द्र) refers to “intense (bliss)”, according to the 17th-century Yogacintāmaṇi by Śivānandasarasvatī, a text dealing with Haṭhayoga consisting of 3423 verses.—Accordingly, “Having bowed to Śrīvyāsa, the ascetic Śaṅkara, the teacher of the world, [my] teacher Śrīrāmacandra, whose lotus feet are intense bliss (sāndra-ānanda-padāmbuja), and all of the gods of yogins, the ascetic Śivānanda has written clearly the great Yogacintāmaṇi, which had fallen into an ocean of various texts and has the power to explain everything”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sāndra (सान्द्र) refers to “intense (bliss)”, according to the 17th century Yogacintāmaṇi by Śivānanda: a large compilation of roughly 3423 verses dealing with the various methods of (Haṭha) Yoga and Aṣṭāṅgayoga.—Accordingly, “Having bowed to the venerable Vyāsa; the ascetic, Śaṅkara, [who is] the guru of the world; [his own] guru, the venerable Rāmacandra, whose lotus feet are intense bliss (sāndra-ānanda), and all the lords of yoga, the ascetic Śivānanda has written clearly the Yogacintāmaṇi [which] is derived from an ocean of various scriptures and is capable of [conveying] their entire meaning”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sandra in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Senegalia chundra (Roxb. ex Rottler) Maslin from the Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not) family having the following synonyms: Acacia chundra, Mimosa chundra, Acacia sundra. For the possible medicinal usage of sandra, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sandra in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia catechu in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. (among others).

2) Sandra is also identified with Acacia chundra It has the synonym Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. var. sundra (Roxb.) Prain (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum.
· The forest flora of North-West and Central India (1874)
· Plant-Book
· Numer. List (5227)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1981)
· Flora of Taiwan (1993)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sandra, for example health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāndra (सांद्र).—a S Compact, dense, clustering together, close-set;--as pales, houses, trees: closeandfirm; -as cloth or a texture: deep or intense;-as darkness: thick, coarse, crass, gross; not loose, open, rare, tenuous, dilute &c.--in numerous applications.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāndra (सांद्र).—a Compact, dense.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāndra (सान्द्र).—a.

1) Close, compact, having no interstices.

3) Coarse, gross, thick, dense; दुर्वर्णभित्तिरिह सान्द्रसुधा- सवर्णा (durvarṇabhittiriha sāndrasudhā- savarṇā) Śiśupālavadha 4.28,64;9.15; R.7.41; Ṛtusaṃhāra 1.2.

3) Clustered together, collected.

4) Stout, strong, robust.

5) Excessive, abundant, much; सान्द्रानन्दक्षुभितहृदयप्रस्रवेणाव- सिक्तः (sāndrānandakṣubhitahṛdayaprasraveṇāva- siktaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 6.22.

6) Intense, strong, vehement; व्याप्तान्तराः सान्द्रकुतूहलानाम् (vyāptāntarāḥ sāndrakutūhalānām) R.7.11; Śiśupālavadha 9.37.

7) Unctuous, oily, viscid.

8) Bland, soft, smooth.

9) Pleasing, agreeable.

-dram 1 A heap, clustor.

2) A thicket, wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāndra (सान्द्र).—mfn.

(-ndraḥ-ndrā-ndraṃ) 1. Thick, coarse, gross. 2. Soft, smooth, bland. 3. Pleasing, agreeable. 4. Much, abundant. 5. Unctuous, viscid, oily. 6. Close, compact, not having interstices. 7. Stout, robust. 8. Clustering, collected. 9. Excessive, vehement. n.

(-ndraṃ) 1. A wood, a thicket. 2. A heap, a cluster. E. sa for saha with, together, adi to bind, rak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāndra (सान्द्र).—I. adj. 1. Thick, coarse, gross, [Caurapañcāśikā] 12; [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 20; intense, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 15; 22. 2. Stout, robust. 3. Much, abundant, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 60, 13. 4. Vehement, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 830; Da- śak. in Chr. 190, 8; [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 7, 11; sāndratara, Increased, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 37. 5. Clustering, collected. 6. Compact, but having interstices. 7. Unctuous, oily, [Kāvya Prakaśa, 2. ed. Calcutta, 1865.] 62, 11. 8. Soft, bland. 9. Pleasing, agreeable, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 127, 12; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 97 (v. r.). Ii. n. 1. A thicket, a wood. 2. A heap, a cluster.

— Cf. probably .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāndra (सान्द्र).—[adjective] thick, dense, violent, intense, soft, bland; crowded with, full of ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāndra (सान्द्र):—mf(ā)n. (of unknown derivation) viscid, unctuous, oily, [Suśruta]

2) thick, solid, compact, dense, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

3) strong, vehement intense, [Kālidāsa; Daśakumāra-carita; Prabodha-candrodaya]

4) studded or crowded with, full of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Naiṣadha-carita; Prabodha-candrodaya]

5) smooth, soft, bland, tender, [Kālidāsa; Vāsavadattā]

6) n. a wood, thicket, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) a heap, cluster, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāndra (सान्द्र):—[(ndraḥ-ndrā-ndraṃ) a.] Thick; stout; abundant; dense; oily; soft; pleasing; compact. n. A thicket; a heap or cluster.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sāndra (सान्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sandra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāṃdra (ಸಾಂದ್ರ):—

1) [adjective] having the parts crowded together; packed tightly together; compact.

2) [adjective] very plentiful; more than sufficient; ample; abundant.

3) [adjective] strongly built or based; muscular or sturdy; robust.

4) [adjective] not hard or harst; soft.

5) [adjective] sticky; viscous.

6) [adjective] providing comfort or ease; comfortable; cozy.

--- OR ---

Sāṃdra (ಸಾಂದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being dense and compact; density.

2) [noun] the quality of being intense; intensity.

3) [noun] a (dense) forest.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of sandra in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: